FENAC Reports and Publications

Annual reports



Laycock, B. Stolpe, I. Römer, A. Dybowska, E. Valsami-Jones, J.R. Lead, M. Rehkämper, (2014) Synthesis and characterization of isotopically labeled silver nanoparticles for tracing studies. Environmental Science: Nano, 1, 271-283.

S. Handley-Sidhu, J.A. Hriljac, M.O. Cuthbert, J.C. Renshaw, R.A. Pattrick, J.M. Charnock, B. Stolpe, J.R. Lead, S. Baker, L.E. Macaskie. (2014) Bacterially produced calcium phosphate nanobiominerals: sorption capacity, site preferences, and stability of captured radionuclides. Environ Sci Technol. Jun 17;48(12):6891-8.

J. Beddow, B. Stolpe, P.Cole, J. R. Lead, M. Sapp, B. P. Lyons, I. Colbeck, C. Whitby (2014). Effects of engineered silver nanoparticles on the growth and activity of ecologically important microbes Environmental Microbiology Reports, 6, 448-458.

J. Beddow, B. Stölpe, P.A. Cole, J.R. Lead, M. Sapp, B.P. Lyons, B. McKew, M. Steinke, F. Benyahia, I. Colbeck and C. Whitby. (2014) ‘Estuarine sediment hydrocarbon-degrading microbial communities demonstrate resilience to nanosilver’ International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 96, 206-215

E. Kadar, M. Cunliffe, A. Fisher, B. Stolpe, J.R. Lead, Z. Shi (2014). Chemical interaction of atmospheric mineral dust-derived nanoparticles with natural seawater - EPS and sunlight-mediated changes. Science of the Total Environment, 468-469, 265-271

E. Kadar, A. Fisher, B. Stolpe, S. Calabrese J. Lead, E. Valsami-Jones, Z. Shi (2014). Colloidal stability of nanoparticles derived from simulated cloud-processed mineral dusts. Science of the Total Environment 466-467, 864-870

M-N Croteau,  A D Dybowska, S N Luoma, S K Misra, E Valsami-Jones (2014) Isotopically modified silver nanoparticles to assess nanosilver bioavailability and toxicity at environmentally relevant exposures.  Environ. Chem. 11(3) 247-256


F.R. Khan,  A. Laycock, A. Dybowska,  F. Larner, B.D. Smith, P. S. Rainbow, S. N. Luoma, M. Rehkämper, and E. Valsami-Jones. Stable Isotope Tracer To Determine Uptake and Efflux Dynamics of ZnO Nano- and Bulk Particles and Dissolved Zn to an Estuarine Snail. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47 (15),  8532–8539. 

O. Osborne,  B. Johnston, J. Moger, M.A. Baalousha, J.R. Lead, T. Kudoh, C. Tyler (2013). Effects of particle size and coating on nanoscale Ag and TiO2 exposure in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. Nanotoxicology 7, 1315-1324. 

M.  Baalousha and J. R. Lead  (2013) .Nanoparticle Dispersity in Toxicology. Nature Nanotechnology 8308-309. 

D.J. Lapworth, B. Stolpe, P. J. Williams, D. C. Gooddy, J. R. Lead (2013). Characterization of suboxic groundwater colloids using a multi-method approach. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 2554-2561. 

M.E. Pettitt and J.R Lead (2013).Minimum physicochemical characterization requirements for nanomaterial regulation. Environment International, 52, 41-50. 

A. Hartland,   J. R. Lead, V. I.  Slaveykova, D. O'Carroll, E. Valsami-Jones,  (2013) The Environmental Significance of Natural Nanoparticles. Nature Education Knowledge 4(8):7. 

I.Mahapatra, J. R. A. Clark, P. Dobson, R.J. Owen, J. R. Lead (2013). Potential environmental implications of nano-enabled medical applications. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 15, 123-144. 


Hartland, I. J. Fairchild, J. R. Lead, A. Borsato, A. Baker, S. Frisia, M. A. Baalousha (2012). From soil to cave: NOM-facilitated transport of trace metals in speleothem- forming dripwaters. Chemical Geology, 304, 68-82. 

G. V. Lowry, K. B. Gregory, S. C. Apte, and J. R. Lead (2012). Guest Comment: Transformations of Nanomaterials in the Environment Focus Issue. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 6891-6892. 

G. V. Lowry, K. B. Gregory, S. C. Apte, and J. R. Lead (2012). Transformations of nanomaterials in the environment. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 6893-6899. 

M. Baalousha and J. R. Lead (2012). Rationalizing nanoparticle sizes measured by AFM, FlFFF and DLS: sample preparation, polydispersity and particle structure. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 6134-6142.

F. Larner, Y. Dogra, A. Dybowska, J. Fabrega, B. Stolpe, L.J. Bridgestock, R. Goodhead, D.J. Weiss, J. Moger, J.R. Lead, E. Valsami-Jones, C.R. Tyler, T.S. Galloway, M. Rehkämper (2012). Tracing bioavailability of ZnO nanoparticles using stable isotope labelling. Environmental Science & Technology, 46, 12137-12145.

E. Kadar, A. Fisher, B. Stolpe, R. M. Harrison, F. Parello, J. Lead (2012). Metallic nanoparticle enrichment at low temperature, shallow CO2 seeps in Southern Italy. Marine Chemistry, 140-141, 24-32.

S. N. Al-Subiai, V. M. Arlt, P. E. Frickers, J. W. Readman, B. Stolpe, J. R. Lead, A. J. Moody, A. N. Jha (2012). Merging nano-genotoxicology with eco-genotoxicology: An integrated approach to determine interactive genotoxic and sub-lethal toxic effects of C60 fullerenes and fluoranthene in marine mussels, Mytilus sp.Mutation Research, 745, 92-103.

J. Fabrega, R. Tantra, A. Amer, B. Stolpe, J. Tomkins, T. Fry, J. R. Lead, C. R. Tyler, T. S. Galloway (2012). Sequestration of zinc from zinc oxide nanoparticles and life cycle effects in the sediment dweller amphippod Corophium volutator. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 1128-1135.

M. Baalousha, Y. Ju-Nam, P. A. Cole, B. Gaiser, T. F. Fernandes, J. A. Hriljac, M. A. Jepson, V. Stone, C. R. Tyler, J. R. Lead (2012). Characterisation of cerium oxide nanoparticles – Part 1: Size measurements. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31(5), 983-993.

M. Baalousha, Y. Ju-Nam, P.A. Cole, J. A. Hriljac, I P. Jones, C.R. Tyler, V. Stone, T.F. Fernandes, M.A. Jepson, J.R. Lead (2012). Characterisation of cerium oxide nanoparticles – Part 2: Nonsize measurements. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31, 5, 994-1003.


S. Handley-Sidhu, J.C. Renshaw, S. Moriyama, B. Stolpe, C. Mennan, S. Bagheriasl, P. Yong, A. Stamboulis, M. Paterson-Beedle, K. Sasaki, R.A.D. Pattrick, J.R. Lead, L. E. Macaskie (2011). Uptake of Sr2+ and Co2+ into biogenic hydroxyapatite: Implications for biomineral ion exchange synthesis. Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 6985-6990.

B. K. Gaiser, T. F. Fernandes, M. A. Jepson, J. R. Lead, C. R. Tyler, M. Baalousha, A. Biswas, G. J. Britton, P. A. Cole, B. D. Johnston, Y. Ju-Nam, P. Rosenkranz, T. M. Scown, V. Stone (2011). Interspecies comparisons on the uptake and toxicity of silver and cerium dioxide nanoparticles. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31(1), 144-154.

B. K. Gaiser, A. Biswas, P. Rosenkranz, M. A. Jepson, J. R. Lead, V. Stone, C. R. Tyler, T. F. Fernandes (2011).  Effects of silver and cerium dioxide micro- and nano-sized particles on Daphnia magna. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 13, 1227-1235.

M.A. Baalousha, B. Stolpe, J. R. Lead (2011). Flow field-flow fractionation for the analysis and characterization of natural colloids and manufactured nanoparticles in environmental systems: A critical review. Journal of Chromatography A. 1218, 4078– 4103.


A. Hartland, I. J. Fairchild, J. R. Lead, A. D. Dominguiez-Villar, A. Baker, J. Gunn, M. Baalousha and Y. J-N. Nam (2010). The dripwaters and speleothems of Poole's Cavern: a review of recent and ongoing research. Cave and Karst Science, 36(2), 37-46.

T. M. Scown, E. Santos, B. D. Johnston, B. Gaiser, M. Baalousha, S. Mitov, J. R. Lead, V. Stone, T. F. Fernandes, M. Jepson, R. van Aerle and C. R. Tyler (2010). Effects of aqueous exposure to silver nanoparticles of different sizes in rainbow trout. Toxicological Sciences, 115 (2): 521-534.

Kadar, F. Simmance, O. Martin, N. Voulvoulis, S. Widdicombe, S. Mitov, J. R. Lead and J. W. Readman (2010).  The influence of engineered Fe2O3 nanoparticles and soluble (FeCl3) iron on the development toxicity caused by CO2-induced seawater acidification, Environmental Pollution. 158(12), 3490-3497.

B. D. Johnston, T. M. Scown, J. Moger, S. A. Cumberland, M. Baalousha, K. Linge, R. van Aerle, K. Yarvis, J. R. Lead and C. R. Tyler (2010). Bioavailability of nanoscale metal oxides TiO2, CeO2, and ZnO to fish. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 1144-1151.

T. M. Scown, R. Goodhead, B. D. Johnston, J. Moger, J. R. Lead, M. Baalousha, R. van Aerle, T. Iguchi and C. R. Tyler (2010). Assessment of cultured fish hepatocytes for studying cellular uptake and (eco)toxicity of nanoparticles. Environmental Chemistry, 7, 36-49.


R. F. Domingos, M. A. Baalousha, Y. Ju-Nam, M. M. Reid, N. Tufenkji, J. R. Lead, G. G. Leppard and K. J. Wilkinson (2009). Characterizing manufactured nanoparticles in the environment - multimethod determination of particle sizes. Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 7277-7284.

P. J. J. Alvarez, V. Colvin, J. Lead, V. Stone (2009). Research priorities to advance eco-responsible nanotechnology. ACS Nano, 3, 1616-1619.