Bridgeman and Sharifi
Freshwater is indispensable for human development, health and well-being. The issues associated with limited access to safe, reliable water supplies, and its criticality for sustainable development and the eradication of poverty and hunger are well-documented. Yet, microbiological waterborne disease remains a significant concern for the global water community. Pathogens in water sources cause ill health, hindering sustainable settlement development and disproportionately affecting the poor. 663M people do not have access to safe drinking water supplies and 2.4Bn are without access to improved sanitation services. A child dies every 15s as a result of poor water quality. It is widely predicted that water scarcity and pollution will be further exacerbated by population growth, urbanization, climate change and extreme events. These issues form the basis of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals 6.3, 6.5, 6.6a&b. The work proposed here directly addresses this humanitarian issue by investigating and promoting efficient and affordable water sanitation approaches at household and community levels. We will investigate the suitability of hibiscus plant seeds to aid water treatment in developing countries, specifically in relation to disinfection byproduct formation. This new knowledge will be used to develop mitigation strategies to facilitate the provision of safe, treated water supplies to those in most need.
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