The initial aim of my thesis is to demonstrate the regional differentiation of pastoral economies in Anatolia after the Celali rebellions (1596-1611). My target is to understand how the pastoral nomads in Anatolia, as a group who lived in the periphery, built their own economies according to two important means of production; animals and land. My thesis covers Ankara and its environs, Adana-Urfa-Antep, and Afyon-Isparta as research areas. I have intentionally chosen the period after the Celali rebellions; because, there are some important theories concerning nomads as regards the aftermath of the Celali rebellions. It is generally admitted that the Celali rebellions had a severe impact on the social and economic order of rural Anatolia. The widespread turbulence forced a large number of peasants to leave their original places in order to find more secure areas. According to a dramatic fall in the number of taxpayers in records, some scholars argue that the newly-settled nomads in the 1580s might have returned to nomadism after the rebellions due to the lack of security in countryside. Furthermore, it is also claimed that tribes in a large number moved unexpectedly from the eastern and south-eastern Anatolia to the western and central parts which became deserted due to the” peasant flight” (büyük kaçgun). The problems of re-nomadization and that large-scale geographic reshuffle of tribes are my starting points.
Although the kadi court records are the main primary sources of my thesis, I examine a wide range of archival documents such as the Imperial orders (mühimme defterleri) and fiscal registers (maliyeden müdevver defterler).