Crystal Growth Research Publications

A selection of publications related to the Materials Programme

Study of ferromagnetism in Co-doped rutile powders and float-zone grown single crystals, S.M. Koohpayeh, D. Fort, A.I. Bevan, A.J. Williams and J.S. Abell, J. Magnetism and Magnetic Mats 320 (2008) 887-894.

Magnetoelastic nature of the dodecagonal anisotropy in holmium metal, L. Benito, M. Ciria, A. Fraile, D. Fort, J.S. Abell and J.I Arnaudas, Physical Review Letters 98 (2007) Article 267201.

Understanding the quadrupolar structures of UPd3, K.A. McEwen, H.C. Walker, M.D. Le, D.F. McMorrow, E. Colineau, F. Wastin, S.B. Wilkins, J.-G. Park, R.I. Bewley and D. Fort, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 310 (2007) 718-722

Effect of H on the crystalline nad magnetic structures of the YCo3–H(D) sysytem. I. YCo3 from neutron powder diffraction and first-principles calculations, Xiang-Yuan Ciu, Jian Liu, Peter A Georgiev, Ian Morrison, D. Keith Ross, Mark A. Roberts, Ken A. Andersen, Mark Telling and Dave Fort, Physical Review B, 76 (2007) Article 184443

Dipolar excitations at the LIII X-ray absorption edges of the heavy rare earth metals, S.D. Brown, P. Strange, L. Bouchenoire, B. Zarychta, P.B. Thompson, D. Mannix, S.J. Stockton, M.Horne, E. Arola, H. Ebert, Z. Szotek, W.M. Temmerman and D. Fort, Physical Review Letters 99 (2007) Article 247401

The influence of growth rate on the microstructural and magnetic properties of float zone grown ErFeO3 crystals, S.M. Koohpayeh, J.S. Abell, K.K. Bamzai, A.I. Bevan, D.Fort and A.J. Williams, J. Magnetism and Magnetic Mats 309 (2007) 119-125.

Quadrupolar and magnetic ordering in (U,Np)Pd3, K.A. McEwen, H.C. Walker, P. Boulet, E. Colineau, F. Wastin, S.B. Wilkins and D.Fort, J. Physical Society Japan 75 (2006) 20-23.

Determination of Antiferroquadrupolar Order Parameters in UPd3, H.C. Walker, K.A. McEwen, D.F. McMorrow, S.B. Wilkins, F. Wastin, E. Colineau and D.Fort, Physical Review Letters 97 (2006) Article 137203.

Spontaneous symmetry-breaking vortex lattice transitions in pure niobium, M. Laver, E.M. Forgan, S.P. Brown, D. Charalambous, D. Fort, C. Bowell, S. Ramos, R.J. Lycett, D.K. Christen, J. Kohlbrecher, C.D. Dewhurst and R. Cubitt, Physical Review Letters 96 (2006) Article 167002.

Driven vortices in type-II superconductors: A muon spin rotation study, D. Charalambous, E.M. Forgan, S. Ramos, S.P. Brown, R.J. Lycett, D.H. Ucko, A.J. Drew, S.L. Lee, D. Fort, A. Amato and U. Zimmerman, Physical Review B 73 (2006) Article 104514.

Observation of a strongly nested Fermi surface in the shape-memory alloy Ni0.62Al0.38, S.B. Dugdale, R.J. Watts, J. Laverock, Z.S. Major, M.A. Alam, M. Samsel-Czekala, G. Kontrym-Sznajd, Y. Sakurai, M. Itou and D. Fort, Physical Review Letters 96 (2006) Article 046406.

Multiple magnetic singlet-singlet excitations in intermetallic PrNiSn, K.A. McEwen, J. Jensen, E.D. Beirne, J.P. Allen, K. Habicht, D.T. Adroja, R.I. Bewley and D. Fort, Physical Review B 73 (2006) Article 014402.

Some observations on the growth of rutile single crystals using the optical floating zone method, S.M. Koohpayeh, D. Fort and J.S. Abell, Journal of Crystal Growth 282 (2005) 190-198.

Quantum criticality in the frustrated Laves phase compound NbFe2, D.M. Klementowicz, R. Burrell, D. Fort and M. Grosche, Physica B 359-361 (2005) 80-82.

Soft x-ray diffraction study of magnetic ordering in holmium, P.D. Spencer, S.B. Wilkins, P.D. Hatton, S.D. Brown, T.P.A. Hase, J.A. Purton and D. Fort, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 17 (2005) 1725-1733.

The preparation, microstructures and magnetostrictive properties of Samfenol-D, J.W. Xie, D. Fort and J.S. Abell, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 366 (2004) 241-247.

Thermal expansion and magnetostriction studies of a Kondo lattice compound: CeAgSb2, D.T. Adroja, P.C. Riedi, J.G.M. Armitage and D. Fort, Acta Physica Polonica B 34 (2003) 945-949.

Magnetic excitations in single crystal PrNiSn, E.D. Beirne, K.A. McEwen, K. Habicht and D. Fort, Applied Physics A  74 (2003) S910-S911.

Microscopic investigation of moving flux line structures in superconductors using neutron diffraction and SR, E.M. Forgan, D. Charalambous, D. Fort, R. Cubitt, Ch. Simon, S.L. Lee and A. Amato, Journal de Physique IV 12 (2002) 155-159.

Vortex motion in type-II superconductors probed by muon spin rotation and small-angle neutron scattering, D. Charalambour, P.G. Kealey, E.M. Forgan, T.M. Riseman, M.W. Long, C. Goupil, R. Khasanov, D. Fort, P.J.C. King, S.L. Lee and F. Ogrin, Physical Review B, 66 (2002) art. No. 054506.

Intrinsic behaviour of flux lines in pure niobium near the upper critical field, E.M. Forgan, S.J. Levett, P.G. Kealey, R. Cubitt, C.D. Dewhurst and D. Fort, Physical Review Letters 88 (2002) article no. 167003.

Complex magnetic phase behaviour in Gd-rich Gd-Ysingle crystal alloys, J.F. Collingwood, J. Santos, J.P. Araujo, J.B. Sousa, J.M. Moreira, C.M. Lim, C. Edwards, D. Fort and S.B. Palmer, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 37 (2001) 2166-2168.

Purification of rare earth metals, D. Fort, In Purification and characterization of ultra high purity metals, eds Y. Waseda and M.Isshiki, 2002, ISBN 3-540-413227, p125-158, Springer –Verlag, Berlin.

Thermal expansion, magnetostriction and magnetic susceptibility under pressure of CeAgSb2, M.J. Thornton, J.G.M. Armitage, G.J. Tomka, P.C. Riedi, M. Houshiar, D.T. Adroja, B.D. Rainford and D.Fort, Physica B 259-261 (1999) 101-102.

Refinement of magnetic structures with X-rays: Nd as a test cas, D. Watson, W.J. Nuttall, E.M. Forgan, S.C. Perry and D. Fort, Physical Review B, 57 (1998) 8095-8098.

On the primary creep of Ni3Al, W. Zhu, D. Fort, I.P. Jones and R.E. Smallman, Philosophical magazine letters, 77 (1998) 307-313.

Orientation dependence of the creep of Ni3Al at intermediate temperature, W.H. Zhu, D. Fort, I.P. Jones and R.E. Smallman, Acta Materialia 46 (1998) 3873-3881.

Low remperature thermal and high pressure studies of CePd and CeAgSb2, M.J. Thornton, J.G.M. Armitage, G.J. Tomka, P.C. Riedi, R.H. Mitchell, M. Houshiar, D.T. Adroja, B.D. Rainford and D.Fort, Journal of Physics – Condensed Matter 10 (1998) 9485-9493.

Novel thermal effects at the first order magnetic phase transition in erbium, and a comparison with dysprosium, K.A. Gschneidner, Jr., V.K. Pecharsky and D. Fort, Physical Review Letters 78 (1997) 4281-4284.

A tri-arc system for growing high purity crystals of metallic materials, D. Fort, Review of Scientific Instruments 68 (1997) 3504-3511.

Superheating and other unusual observations regarding the first-order phase transformation in dysprosium, V.K. Pecharsky, K.A. Gschneidner, Jr and D. Fort, Scripta Materialia 35 (1996) 843-848.

Magnetism in neodymium at high pressure, D. Watson, E.M. Forgan, W.J. Nuttall, P.E. Sokol, S.J. Shaikh, S.W. Zochowski and D. Fort, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 8 (1996) 5049-5057.

High resolution magnetic X-ray diffraction from neodymium, D. Watson, E.M. Forgan, W.J. Nuttall, W.G. Stirling and D. Fort, Physical Review B: Condensed Matter 53 (1996) 726-730.

Thermal expansion of CePdSb near the ferromagnetic transition, M.J. Thornton, J.G.M. Armitage, R.H. Mitchell, P.C. Riedi, D.T. Adroja, B.D. Rainford and D. Fort, Physical Review B: Condensed Matter 54 (1996) 4189-93.

A nuclear magnetic resonance investigation of the ferromagnetic phase of CePdSb as a function of temperature and pressure, J.S. Lord, G.J. Tomka, P.C. Riedi, M.J. Thornton, B.D. Rainford, D.T. Adroja and D. Fort, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 8 (1996) 5475-5482.

Crystal growth of iron-based compounds by the cold-crucible Czochralski technique, Y.J. Bi, J.S. Abell and D. Fort, Journal of Crystal Growth 166 (1996) 298-302.

The multi critical region of the Gd-Lu alloy system, R.S. Ecclestone, M.L. Vtris, S.B. Palmer and D. Fort, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 8 (1996) 3661-3670.

Magnetization measurements in U14Au51, J.G. Smith, Y.J. Bi, J. Crangle, K.U. Neumann, N. Zayer and K.R.A. Ziebeck Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 144 (1995) 1375-1376.

Pulsed neutron Laue diffraction studies of the magnetic structure of holmium and terbium, C.C. Tang, P.W Haycock, W.G. Stirling, C.C. Wilson, D. Keen and D. Fort, Physica B 205 (1995) 105-114.

Magnetic X-ray diffraction from samarium, D. Watson, E.M. Forgan, W.G. Stirling, W.J. Nuttall, S.C. Perry, M.M.R. Costa and D. Fort, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 144 (1995) 743-744.

Solid state electrotransport purification of dysprosium, D. Fort, V.K. Pecharsky and K.A. Gschneidner, Jr., Journal of Alloys and Compounds 226 (1995) 190-196.

Dislocation structures of crept single crystal Ni3Al, W. Zhu, I. Jones, D. Fort and R.E. Smallman, Institute of Physics Conference Series No. 147 Part 2 (1995) 479-482.

Solidification study of vertical float zoned CeCu2Si2, Y.J. Bi, J.S. Abell and D. Fort, Journal of Alloys and compounds 207/208 (1994) 325-328.

A ferromagnetic Kondo compound: CePdSb, P.C. Riedi, J.G.M. Armitage, J.S. Lord, D.T. Adroja, B.D. Rainford and D. Fort, Physica B 199&200(1994) 558-560.

Effect of heat treatment on the magnetostriction and microstructure of Terfenol-D, A.M.H. Hwang, P. Westwood, Y.J. Bi and J.S. Abell, Journal of Alloys and compounds 207 (1994) 390-392.

Microstructural study of rare earth intermatallic single crystals by transmission electron microscopy, Y.J. Bi and J.S. Abell, Journal of Alloys and compounds 207 (1994) 321-324.

Directional solidification of TiAl alloys by vertical float zoning, Y.J. Bi and J.S. Abell, Scripta metallurgica et Materialia 31 (1994) 751-756.

Zero field and magnetic field low temperature heat capacity of solid state electrotransport purified erbium, V.K. Pecharsky, K.A. Gschneidner, Jr and D. Fort, Physical Review B 47 (1993) 5063-5071.

Microstructural defects in some rare earth Laves phase single crystals, Y.J. Bi and J.S. Abell, Scripta metallurgica et Materialia 29 (1993) 543-546.

Magnetic X-ray scattering from samarium, S.L. Lee, E.M. Forgan, S.J. Shaikh, C.C. Tang, W.G. Stirling, S. Langridge, A.J. Rollason, M.M.R. Costa, M.J. Cooper, E. Zukowski, J.B. Forsyth and D. Fort, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 127 (1993) 145-150.

An ultra high vacuum Czochralski crystal growth system using either hot or cold crucibles, D. Fort, Review of Scientific Instruments 64 (1993) 3209-3214.

Magnetic X-ray scattering from holmium and terbium, C.C. Tang, W.G. Stirling, D.L. Jones, C.C. Wilson, P.W. Haycock, A.J. Rollason, A.H. Thomas and D. Fort, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 103 (1992) 86-96.

Moment directions in two antiferromagnetic 3-q phases of neodymium, E.M. Forgan, S.L. Lee, W.G. Marshall and D. Fort, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 104-7 (1992) 913-914.

Pressure makes rare earths lighter: magnetic ordering of Nd0.9Ce0.1 under pressure, E.M. Forgan, S.J. Shaikh, D. Fort, S. Zochowski and C. Vettier, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 104-7 (1992) 1521-1522.

Magnetostrictive and microstructural properties of Terfenol-D prepared by different routes, Y.J. Bi, A.M.H. Huang and J.S. Abell, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 104 (1992) 1471-1472.

A laboratory-scale arc furnace for melting volatile metals under elevated inert gas pressures, A.R. Bradshaw and D. Fort, Review of Scientific Instruments 63 (1992) 5459-5463.

Solid state crystal growth of rare earth metals and alloys adopting the hexagonal close packed crystal structure, D. Fort, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 177 (1991) 31-47.

Defects in Terfenol-D crystals, Y.J. Bi, A.M.H. Huang and J.S. Abell, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 99 (1991) 159-166.

The magnetic phase diagram of the Gd-Lu alloy system, R.S. Ecclestone, A.R. Griffiths, M.L. Vrtis, G.J. McIntyre, D. Fort and S.B. Palmer, Physica B 174 (1991) 33-38.

Powder metallurgical processing of Tb0.27Dy0.73Fe(2-X) (0<X<0.5) Solid state electrotransport of erbium, D. Fort, B.J. Beaudry and K.A. Gschneidner Jr. Journal of the Less-Common Metals 166 (1990) 173-188.

Crystal growth of rare earth metals using the float zoning method, D. Fort, Journal of Crystal Growth 94 (1989) 85-96.

Magnetic domain ordering in erbium rhodium stannide, Balakrishnan, D.M. Paul, J.S. Abell, G.J. McIntyre and L. Cussen, Physica B 156 (1989) 786-788.

Observation of double-q and quadruple-q magnetic structures in neodymium, M. Forgan, E.P. Gibbons, K.A. McEwen and D. Fort, Physical Review Letters 62 (1989) 470-473.

Microstructural characterisation of ternary rare earth iron alloys, P. Westwood, J.S. Abell and K. Pitman, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 24 (1988) 1873-1875.

The ultra-purification of rare earth metals; gadolinium and neodymium, Fort, B.J. Beaudry and K.A. Gschneidner Jr., Journal of the Less-Common Metals, 134 (1987) 27-44.

The purification and crystal growth of rare earth metals using solid state electrotransport, D. Fort, Journal of the Less -Common Metals 134 (1987) 45-65.

Preparation and crystal growth of rare earth elements and intermetallic compounds, J.S. Abell, In Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Volume 12, Eds K.A. Gschneidner, Jr. and L. Eyring, North Holland, Amsterdam (1987).

Crystal growth of samarium, N.L. Shi and D. Fort, Chinese Journal of Metal Science and Technology 3 (1987) 156-160.

Modulated antiferromagnetic structures of Nd(1-X)PrX crystals, K.A. McEwen, B. Lebech and D. Fort, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 54-7 (1986) 457-458.

Crystal growth and characterization of some PrAl2, Nd Al2, Gd Al2, Tb Al2 intermetallic compounds, J.S. Abell, D.W. Jones and E.W. Lee, Journal of the Less-Common Metals 115 (1986) 331-336.

Microstructural studies of ternary rare earth-iron alloys, J.S. Abell and D.G. Lord, Journal of the Less-Common Metals 126 (1986) 107-112.

The antiferromagnetic phase of Gd-Y alloys - a new type of triple point?, S.B. Palmer, S. Bates, G.J. McIntyre, J.B. Sousa, D. Fort and B.J. Beaudry, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 54-7 (1986) 519-520.

Preparation of elements and alloys, J.S. Abell, D. Fort and R.G. Jordan, Journal of the Less-Common Metals 126 (1986) 133.

The temperature dependence and magnetic field induced transitions in the magnetization of neodymium single crystals, H.H. Boghosian, B.R. Coles and D. Fort, Journal of Physics F 15 (1985) 953-959.

Preparation of samarium in the double hexagonal close packed form, N.L. Shi and D. Fort, Journal of the Less-Common Metals 113 (1985) L21-23.

Removal of surface strain from rare earth intermetallic crystals by ion-beam planning, J.S. Abell, P.M. Marquis and D.W. Jones, Journal of materials Science 18 (1983) 299-303.

Preparation of rare earth materials, crystals and specimens, D.W. Jones, J.S. Abell, D. Fort and J.K. Hulbert, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 29 (1982) 20-30.

Assessment of the crystal lattice perfection of rare earth and intermetallic single crystals by X-ray topography, P.A. Goddard, G.F. Clark, W.D. Corner, B.K. Tanner, J.S. Abell, D. Fort and D.W. Jones, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 29 (1982) 39-45.

A high resolution neutron scattering study of single crystal neodymium, K.A. McEwen, W.G. Stirling, D. Fort and D.W. Jones, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 29 (1982) 59-62.

Zone refining of rare earth metals; lanthanum, cerium and gadolinium, D. Fort, D.W. Jones, B.J. Beaudry and K.A. Gschneidner Jr., Journal of the Less-Common Metals 81 (1981) 273-292.

Zone refining of high purity cerium and gadolinium metals, D. Fort, B.J. Beaudry, D.W. Jones and K.A. Gschneidner Jr., In The Rare Earths in Modern science and Technology Volume 2, eds G.J. McCarthy, J.J. Rhyne and H.B. Silber, Plenum Press, New York, (1980) 33-37.

Mostly metals, sometimes elements, occasionally crystals, D.W. Jones, S.P. Farrant, D. Fort and R.G. Jordan, Institute of Physics Conference Series No. 37 (1978) 11-22.

Preparation of single crystals of praseodymium and neodymium, Fort, D.W. Jones, B.J. Beaudry and K.A. Gschneidner Jr., Institute of Physics Conference Series No. 37 (1978) 28-34.

Zone refining of rare earth metals, D.W. Jones, D. Fort and D. Hukin, In The Rare Earths in Modern Science and Technology eds. G.J. McCarthy and J.J. Rhyne, Plenum Press, New York (1978) 309-314.