Dr Francis Pope PhD, MChem, MA(Cantab)

Dr Francis Pope

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Birmingham Fellow

Contact details

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Francis is a chemist with wide ranging interests in the atmospheric sciences. He applies a fundamental physicochemical approach to investigate atmospheric species and develops novel instrumentation to probe their processes.

In particular he is interested in: the assessment of geoengineering schemes, primary biological aerosols and their role in atmosphere-biosphere interactions, and multi-parameter processing and aging of aerosol.


2010 – MA (Cantab) – University of Cambridge

2005 – Ph.D. – University of Bristol

2001 – MChem (international) – University of Leeds


Francis studied chemistry for his undergraduate degree at the University of Leeds where he spent his third year at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA. His doctoral studies were in atmospheric physical chemistry at the University of Bristol under the tutelage of Prof. Andrew Orr-Ewing and Prof. Mike Ashfold FRS. His thesis title was “Photolysis of formaldehyde relevant to the UTLS”. Upon graduation, he moved to the US to work in the lab of Dr Stanley Sander at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena. On return to the UK he took a position in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge and a college fellowship at Robinson College Cambridge. Here he worked with Dr Tony Cox, Dr Markus Kalberer and Prof. Rod Jones. He was appointed as a Birmingham Fellow and lecturer at the University of Birmingham in May 2012.

Postgraduate supervision

Miss Clare Fitzgerald (Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge) Investigation into the phase and viscosity of atmospheric aerosol (lead supervisor Dr Markus Kalberer). http://www.climatescience.cam.ac.uk/community/profile/cf355

Mr Uzoma Okwosha (GEES, University of Birmingham) Geoengineering and Solar Radiation Management (joint supervisor Dr Lee Chapman).

Francis is interested in supervising doctoral research students in the following areas: 

  • Assessment of geoengineering options
  • Aerosol interactions between the atmosphere and biosphere
  • Instrumentation and laboratory investigation of atmospheric chemistry

If you are interested in studying any of these subject areas please contact Francis on the details above.

For a full list of available Doctoral Research opportunities, please visit our Doctoral Research programme listings.


Research interests

  • Geoengineering and in particular the stratospheric injection of particles as a solar radiation management scheme
  • Primary biological aerosols (PBA)
  • Stratospheric ozone chemistry
  • Fundamental physics and chemistry of aerosol particles
  • Atmospheric gas phase photochemistry
  • Development of novel laboratory techniques to study atmospheric phenomena

Other activities

Member of the following societies:

  • Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
  • European Geophysical Union (EGU)
  • American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  • Aerosol Society

Reviewer for the following journals:

  • Environmental Science and Technology
  • Atmospheric Science Letters
  • Physical chemistry chemical physics
  • Journal of Physical Chemistry A


Singh, A., W. J. Bloss and F. D. Pope (2015) ‘Remember, remember the 5th of November; gunpowder, particles and smog’. Weather, in press. 

Harrison R.M., F.D. Pope and Z. Shi (2015) ‘Issues in Environmental Science and Technology – Still only one Earth: Progress in the 40 years since the first UN conference on the environment’ Ed. R.M. Harrison, RSC Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/9781782622178-00058 

Bilde, M. et al. [32 authors including F. D. Pope] (2015) ‘Saturation vapor pressures and transition enthalpies of low-volatility organic molecules of atmospheric relevance: from dicarboxylic acids to complex mixtures’. Chemical Reviews., 115 (10), 4115-4156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cr5005502

Tong, H.-J., B. Ouyang, N. Nikolovski, D.M. Lienhard, F.D. Pope, and M. Kalberer. (2015) ‘A new electrodynamic balance design for low temperature studies: application to immersion freezing of pollen extract bioaerosols’. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 291-337. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.5194/acpd-15-291-2015

Tong, H.-J. C. Fitzgerald, M. Kalberer, P. J. Gallimore,  M. Kalberer, M. K. Kuimova, P. C. Seville, A. D. Ward and  F.D. Pope (2014) ‘Rapid interrogation of the physical and chemical characteristics of salbutamol sulphate aerosol from a pressurised metered dose inhaler (pMDI)’. Chem. Comm., 50, 15499-15502.  http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1039/C4CC05803H 

Thornes J.E. and F.D. Pope (2014) ‘Why do we need solutions to enhanced greenhouse warming?’ Book chapter within ‘Issues in Environmental Science and Technology – Geoengineering for Climate Regulation’ Ed. R.M. Harrison, RSC Publishing. 

Exley, K., S. Robertson, F.D. Pope, R.M. Harrison, and T.W. Gant. (2014) ‘Sources, quantification and health implications of bioaerosols’. American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology., 9 (3), 189-199.  http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3844/ajptsp.2014.189.199 

Tang, M.J., J.C.J. Camp, L. Rkiouak, J. McGregor, I.M. Watson, R.A. Cox, M. Kalberer, A.D. Ward, F.D. Pope. (2014) ‘Heterogeneous interaction of SiO2 with N2O5: aerosol flow tube and single particle levitation –Raman spectroscopy studies’. J. Phys. Chem. A., 118 (38), 8817-8827. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1021/jp506753c 

Rkiouak, L., M. Tang, J. Camp, J. McGregor, I.M. Watson, R.A. Cox, M. Kalberer, A.D. Ward, F.D. Pope. (2014) ‘Optical trapping and Raman spectroscopy of solid aerosol particles’. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 16 (23), 11426-11434. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1039/C4CP00994K 

Tang, M.J., F.D. Pope, P.J. Telford, L. Rkiouak, N.L. Abraham, P. Braesicke, R.A. Cox, J.A. Pyle, J. McGregor, I.M. Watson, M. Kalberer. (2014) ‘Heterogeneous reaction of N2O5 with airborne TiO2 particles and the implication for stratospheric particle injection’ Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 6035-6048. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.5194/acp-14-6035-2014 

Young I.A.K., R.L. Jones, F.D. Pope. (2014) ‘The UV and visible spectra of chlorine peroxide: constraining the photolysis rate’ Geophy. Res. Lett., doi:10.1002/2013GL058626. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058626 

MacKenzie R.A. and F.D. Pope (2013) ‘Chemistry and pollution of the stratosphere’ Book chapter within ‘Pollution: causes, effects and control’ Ed. R.M. Harrison, RSC Publishing. 

Hosny, N., C. Fitzgerald, C. Tong, M. Kalberer, M.K. Kuimova, F.D. Pope. (2013) 'Fluorescent lifetime imaging of atmospheric aerosols: a direct probe of aerosol viscosity' Faraday Discussions, 165, 343-356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3FD00041A 

von Hobe, M. et al. [86 authors including F.D. Pope] (2013) 'Reconciliation of essential process parameters for an enhanced predictability of Arctic stratospheric ozone loss and its climate interactions' Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9233-9268. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-9233-2013 

Pope, F.D., P. Braesicke, R.G. Grainger, I.M. Watson, P. Davidson, R.A. Cox. (2012) ‘Properties and impact of stratospheric aerosol particles proposed for solar radiation management.’ Nature Climate Change, 2, 713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1528 

Griffiths, P.T., J.-S. Borlace, P.J. Gallimore, M. Kalberer, M. Herzog, F.D. Pope. (2012) 'Hygroscopic growth and cloud activation of pollen: a laboratory and modelling study' Atmospheric Science Letters. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asl.397 

Lee J., V., Carrascon, P.J. Gallimore, A. Björkgren, D.R. Spring, F.D. Pope, M. Kalberer. (2012) ‘The effect of humidity on the ozonolysis of unsaturated compounds in aerosol particles.’ Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 8023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C2CP24094G 

Gallimore P.J., P. Achakulwisut, F.D. Pope, J. Davies, D.R. Spring, M. Kalberer. (2011) ‘Importance of relative humidity in the oxidative ageing of organic aerosols: case study of the ozonolysis of maleic acid aerosol.’ Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 12181. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-12181-2011 

Young I.A.K., C.M. Blaum, C. Murray, R.A. Cox, R.A.L. Jones, F.D. Pope. (2011) ‘Structured visible absorption spectrum of molecular chlorine.’ Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 15318.

Pope F.D. (2010) ‘Pollen grains are efficient cloud condensation nuclei.’ Environ. Res. Lett. 5, 004015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/5/4/044015 

Pope F.D., P.J. Gallimore, S.J. Fuller, M. Kalberer. (2010) ‘Ozonolysis of maleic acid aerosols: Initial results on aerosol hygroscopicity and volatility.’ Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, 6656. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es1008278 

Pope F.D., B.J. Dennis-Smither, P.T. Griffiths, S.L. Clegg, R.A. Cox. (2010) ‘Laboratory and modelling studies of aerosols comprised of malonic acid, glutaric acid, and their mixtures with sodium chloride: Part II volatility.’ J. Phys. Chem. A. 114, 10156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp1052979 

Pope F.D., B.J. Dennis-Smither, P.T. Griffiths, S.L. Clegg, R.A. Cox. (2010) ‘Laboratory and modelling studies of aerosols comprised of malonic acid, glutaric acid, and their mixtures with sodium chloride: Part I hygroscopic growth.’ J. Phys. Chem. A. 114, 5335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp100059k 

Pradhan M., M. Kalberer, P.T. Griffiths, C.F. Braban, F.D. Pope, R.A. Cox, R.M. Lambert. (2010) ‘Uptake of gaseous hydrogen peroxide by submicron titanium dioxide aerosol as a function of relative humidity.’ Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, 1360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es902916f 

Pope F.D., L. Harper, B.J. Dennis-Smither, P.T. Griffiths, S.L. Clegg, R.A. Cox. (2010) ‘Laboratory and modelling studies on the hygroscopic properties of two humic acid aerosols.’ J. Aerosol Sci. 41, 457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2010.02.012 

Carbajo P.G., S.C. Smith, A.-L. Holloway, C.A, Smith, F.D. Pope, D.E. Shallcross, A.J. Orr-Ewing. (2008) ‘Ultraviolet photolysis of HCHO: Absolute HCO quantum yields by direct detection of the HCO radical photoproduct.’ J. Phys. Chem. A. 112, 12437. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp8070508 

Pope F.D., K.D. Bayes, J.C. Hansen, R.R. Friedl, R. Salawitch, S.P. Sander. (2007) ‘UV absorption cross sections of the chlorine monoxide dimer (ClOOCl).’ J. Phys. Chem. A. 111, 4322. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp067660w 

Smith C.A., F.D. Pope, B. Cronin, C.B. Parkes and A.J. Orr-Ewing. (2006) ‘High-resolution absorption cross sections of formaldehyde at wavelengths from 300 to 340 nm at 294 and 245 K.’ J. Phys. Chem. A. 110, 11645.http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp063713y 

Nicovich J.M., S. Parathasarathy, F.D. Pope, A.T. Pegus, M.L. Mckee and P.H. Wine. (2006) ‘Kinetics, mechanism, and thermochemistry of the gas phase reaction of atomic chlorine with dimethyl sulfoxide.’ J. Phys. Chem. A. 110, 6874.http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0567467 

Pope F.D., C.A. Smith, P.R. Davis, D.E. Shallcross, M.N.R. Ashfold and A.J. Orr-Ewing. (2005) ‘Photochemistry of formaldehyde under tropospheric conditions.’ Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc. 130, 59.http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B419227C 

Pope F.D., C.A. Smith, M.N.R. Ashfold, A.J. Orr-Ewing (2005) ‘High-resolution absorption cross sections of formaldehyde at wavelengths from 313 to 320 nm.’ Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 7, 79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B414183K 

Seakins P.W., D.L. Lansley, A. Hodgson, F. Pope. (2002) ‘New Directions: Mobile laboratory reveals new issues in urban air quality.’ Atmos. Environ. 36, 1247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00584-2 

Pope F.D., J.M. Nicovich, P.H. Wine. (2002) ‘A temperature-dependent kinetics study of the reaction of O(3P) with (CH3)2SO.’ Int. J. Chem. Kinet. 34, 156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/kin.10040