Funders: Global Conflict Prevention Pool (UK Government)
The main objective of the project is to produce a detailed study of UK supported security sector reform (SSR) in Sierra Leone from 1999 - 2007. To do so, it will assess the impact of the four main programmatic components of UK activities, which since 1999 have been funded from the Africa Conflict Prevention Pool (ACPP) and DFID programme resources: the Sierra Leone Security Sector Reform Programme (SILSEP); the International Military Advisory and Training Team (IMATT); the Justice Sector Development Programme (JSDP); and the Commonwealth Community Safety and Security Project (CCSSP). In addition, attention will be given to initial UK military interventions in Sierra Leone that led to stability in the country; the significance of UK Government support programmes relating to service personnel killed in action (KIA) and wounded in action (WIA); and the DFID supported programme to convert Paramount Hotel into Sierra Leone’s Ministry of Defence in the early 2000s. Finally, linkages between the construction of Sierra Leone’s security forces and disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) will be explored.
Key lessons will be drawn from the process among each of the actors providing security and justice in-country, including from a gender perspective. Lessons will be provided from UK engagement in building the capacity of institutions that provide and oversee security and justice, including but not limited to: the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF); Sierra Leone Police (SLP); Office of National Security (ONS); Central Intelligence and Security Unit (CISU); Ministry of Defence (MoD); Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA); the judiciary; the Provincial and District Security Committees (PROSECS / DISECS); as well as parliament and civil society. At the same time, the study will examine the interaction between these actors and the four UK programmatic components.
Impact will be assessed from the perspective of different levels of actors, including the Government of Sierra Leone, the donor community, civil society organizations (CSOs), and the general population of Sierra Leone.
The study will thus provide an account of best practices, lessons learned and current gaps in Sierra Leone’s SSR process. In conclusion, recommendations on key priorities in the short, medium and long-term will be provided. Indicators on the basis of which to measure successes and failures will be developed. However, emphasis will be on capturing a detailed account, a narrative, which reflects experiences and impressions of the main actors that have been engaged in Sierra Leone’s SSR process.
The methodology of the project is designed around the six levels:
UK government programmatic approaches in Sierra Leone to enhancing security and justice delivery
Activities of other international agencies in the field of SSR
National and local institutions engaged in delivering internal and external security and justice services
UK departments in London, including the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), DFID and MoD, in particular, as well as key officers in the armed forces and police
Civil society organizations engaged either in the SSR process or in monitoring actions of security sector actors
Perspectives from the general population.
A focus on these six levels will enable an exploration of what the impact of SSR programming has been, and where gaps continue to exist for future action.
The core design feature of the research is centred on a long process of involving those who participated in the post-conflict decision making process with the aim of reconstructing as narrative of what actually happened and why. This involves several meetings with key actors on the Sierra Leone side as well as within the UK Government. The research also involves participatory research in a sample of areas across Sierra Leone with people on the ground with the aim of measuring the impact of security sector reform on people’s perceptions of security.
A series of 12 working papers on specific approaches to post-conflict reconstruction in Sierra Leone are published at www.ssrnetwork.net/publications/sierra_leo.php
This will be followed by a policy-related book to be launched in February 2009 and an academic monograph to be produced later in the year.