Justin teaches social theory and the philosophy of social science.
He currently teaches on the following modules:
Social Theory: Contested Knowledges (core course on the MA in Social and Political Theory) [convenor]
This modules address post-positivist conceptions of knowledge and the relationship of science to critical social theory and democracy.
Contemporary Social Theory (core yr 3 course on the Sociology BA programme) [convenor]
Justin teaches the final section of this module which deals with two questions, namely, should the social sciences be modelled on the natural sciences and should the social sciences seek knowledge of objective structures or not?
Modern Social Theory (core yr 2 course on the Sociology BA programme)
Justin lectures on Systems Sociology and Micro Sociology for this course and runs seminars throughout the year.
Social Worlds and the Sociological Imagination (core yr 1 course on the Sociology BA programme) [convenor]
This covers the following questions: what is society ? (conceived of in normative terms about the 'good' society' in relation to private property); what is sociology? and the 'structure - agency problem'.
Sociology of Self and Everyday Life (core yr 1 course on the Sociology BA programme)
Here Justin gives 5 lectures on elites, knowledge and democracy dealing with questions such do expert elites undermine democratic dialogue? and do economic and political elites undermine democracy by manipulating public opinion?.
Cruickshank, J. 2014. ‘Anti-Authority: Comparing Popper And Rorty On The Dialogic Development Of Beliefs And Practices’, Social Epistemology: A Journal Of Knowledge, Culture And Policy. First published online in July 2013. DOI:10.1080/02691728.2013.782589.
See also the response to this by Isaac Reed, “Science, Democracy And Sociology In The 21st Century: Response To Cruickshank’s ‘Anti-Authority’”, in the Social Epistemology Review And Reply Collective 2 (12): 40-45. Available at:
And the rejoinder to Reed:
Cruickshank, J. 2014. ‘Problem-Solving And The Social Production Of Knowledge’, Social Epistemology Review And Reply Collective 3 (2): 24-33. Available at:
Cruickshank, J. 2014. ‘Democracy versus the Domination of Instrumental Rationality: Defending Dewey’s Argument for Democracy as an Ethical Way of Life’, Humanities (3) 1: 19-41. Open access. Available at:
Cruickshank, J. 2014. ‘Reply to Hartwig and Elder-Vass’, Understanding society (blog).
Cruickshank, J. 2013. Entry for ‘Epistemology’, Oxford Online Annotated Bibliography in Sociology. Oxford University Press. [Peer reviewed; 12,500 words.]
Cruickshank, J. 2013. Review of: I. A. Reed ‘Interpretation And Social Knowledge: On The Use Of Theory In The Human Sciences’, Cultural Sociology 3 (1): 104-105.
Cruickshank, J. 2012. ‘Positioning Positivism, Social Constructionism And Critical Realism In The Health Sciences: A Philosophical Orientation’, Nursing Inquiry: Interdisciplinary Perspectives On Policy And Healthcare 19 (1): 71-82 (special issue on critical realism). First published online in July 2011. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1800.2011.00558.x.
Cruickshank, J. 2011. ‘The Positive And The Negative:Assessing Critical Realism And Social Constructionism As Post-Positivist Approaches To Empirical Research In The Social Sciences’, Paper 42, International Migration Institute Working Paper Series, Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford. Available online at:
Cruickshank, J. 2010. ‘Knowing Social Reality: A Critique Of Bhaskar And Archer’s Attempt To Derive A Social Ontology From Lay Knowledge’, Philosophy Of The Social Sciences 40 (4) 579-602. First published online in July 2009. DOI: 10.1177/0048393109340664.
Cruickshank, J. 2010. ‘Structures, Agents And Criticism: Assessing Bhaskar’s Fact-To-Value And Value-To-Fact Arguments’, Politics 30 (3): 168-173. First published online in Sept. 2010. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9256.2010.01380.
Cruickshank, J. 2010. ‘The Importance Of Nominal Problems’ in C. Valentini (ed) On Objective Knowledge In The Social Sciences And Humanities: Karl Popper And Beyond’. European University Institute Working Papers in the Max Weber Programme (2010/37). ISSN 1830-7728. PP. 61-71. Also available online at:
Cruickshank, J. 2008. ‘Some Realistic Considerations On The Death Of Philosophy’, Journal of Critical Realism 7 (2): 314-329.
[A review article dealing with: G. Calder ‘Rorty’s Politics Of Redescription’.]
Cruickshank, J. 2007. ‘The Usefulness Of Fallibilism: A Popperian Critique Of Critical Realism’, Philosophy Of The Social Sciences 37 (3): 263–288.
Clark, A.M., Macintrye, P. D., and Cruickshank, J. 2007. ‘A Critical Realist Approach To Understanding And Evaluating Heart Health Programmes’, Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal For The Social Study Of Heath, Illness And Medicine 11 (4): 513-539.
Cruickshank, J. 2007. ‘Seeking The TowerOf Babel’, Sociology 41 (4): 741-748.
[A review article dealing with: P. Baert ‘Philosophy Of The Social Sciences’; B. Berberoglu ‘An Introduction To Classical And Contemporary Social Theory’; S. Clarke ‘From Enlightenment To Risk’ And G. Delanty ‘Social Science’.]
Cruickshank, J. 2007. Entry for ‘Essentialism’ in M. Hartwig (ed.) A Dictionary Of Critical Realism.London: Routledge. PP.180-181.