Constantinos Adamides

Institutionalized, horizontal and bottom-up securitization in conflict environments: The case of Cyprus

This thesis examines the manner in which some environments, such as ‘ethnic’ conflict situations, provide fertile ground for securitization process to develop into a more institutionalized form. Once institutionalized, securitization is no longer limited to the typical unidirectional top-down (i.e. elite-driven) path, but rather it becomes subject to bottom-up and horizontal forces, creating what is termed in this thesis ‘horizontal’ and ‘bottom-up’ securitization. These horizontal and bottom-up forces lead to ‘involuntary’ acts at the actor and audience levels, which in turn contribute to the perpetuation and further institutionalization of an already securitized environment. Within this framework the audiences have a much more active role in the development and perpetuation of security narratives and threats than they do in the ‘mainstream’ reading of the theory.

The Cyprus conflict, as an intractable ‘ethnic’ conflict, is used to test the abovementioned arguments. Empirical evidence from the case study demonstrates that the social context dominating such environments contributes significantly to the development of institutionalized, horizontal and bottom-up securitization, obstructing desecuritization and subsequently also the prospects for conflict resolution.


Constantinos’ research interests revolve around conflict studies and more specifically securitization, conflict resolution and energy security.

He is currently a Special Teaching Faculty at the Department of European Studies and International Relations and a Research Fellow at the Cyprus Center for European and International Affairs.

Over the past five years Constantinos has worked on numerous projects both as a coordinator and a researcher. Among others, he coordinated a Jean Monnet Modules Program, drafted, implemented and coordinated a European Commission Sponsored Program for Peace-building Partnership Support entitled “Enhancing Civil Society’s Role in Conflict Prevention and Peace-Building in Cyprus”, participated as a Researcher and co-coordinator in an FP7 Collaborative Project “Towards a “Topography” of Tolerance an Equal Respect” and in a Research Promotion Foundation Program, “The Use of Political Symbols by Young People in the Public Sphere of Cypriot Society: Investigation of Etiology, Interpretation and Influence”. He also drafted and completed an RPF-sponsored PENEK project on securitization and role of routines in ethnic conflicts.


  • PhD (2012) – University of Birmingham
  • MA (Diplomacy and International Relations) – Whitehead School of Diplomacy, Seton Hall University, USA
  • MBA – Stillman School of Business, Seton Hall University, USA
  • BSc. (magna cum laude) – Rutgers University, USA

Research interests

  • Securitization
  • conflict resolution
  • Energy security
  • Political resistance
  • Post liberal peace
  • Energy security

Teaching responsibilities

At the University of Nicosia:

  • Introduction to the European Union (EUS 105)
  • European Cultures (EUS 210)
  • European Foreign and Security Policy (EUS 475)
  • Diplomacy (IREL 450)
  • Managerial Finance (FIN 266)
  • Financial Analysis (FIN 440)

Conference papers

Charalambous, C and Adamides, C. Football, politics and ethnic identity: Greek-Cypriot adolescents engaging with the ideologies of the adult world. Childhood and Youth Conference. Preston, September 5-7, 2012

Adamides, C. Modes of institutionalized securitization: bottom-up and horizontal forces in ethnic conflict environments. European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR). Reykjavík, August 25-27, 2011.

Adamides, C. The Cyprus conflict. Evidence of institutionalized securitization. Paper prepared for the 5th Hellenic Observatory PhD Symposium on Contemporary Greece and Cyprus, London School of Economics and Political Science, June 2-3, 2011.

Allocation of Religious Space in Cyprus. Paper presented at the Vilnius Working Seminar (for the FP7 Program RESPECT). Vilnius, January 17, 2011.

The prospects of a common European security culture: myth or reality. Paper presented at the University of Nicosia, for the Research Seminar Series. February 4, 2010

Adamides, C. The European Security Culture and the Cyprus Case. Paper prepared for European Union Institute for Security Studies-Cambridge Summer School Programme 2009. Cambridge July 14-17, 2009

Adamides, C. Routines, Securitization and the European Union Impact on Ethnic Conflicts: The Case of Cyprus. Paper prepared for the 4th Hellenic Observatory PhD Symposium on Contemporary Greece and Cyprus, London School of Economics and Political Science, June 25-26, 2009.


Adamides, C. (forthcoming). The European Security Culture and the Cyprus Case. European Union Institute for Security Studies

Adamides. C. and Constantinou C. (2011). “Comfortable Conflict and (Il)liberal Peace in Cyprus” in Hybrid Forms of Peace: From the 'Everyday' to Post-liberalism. Basingstoke: Palgrave-MacMillan

Emilianides, A., Adamides, C. and Eftychiou E. (2011). Allocation of Religious Space in Cyprus. Cyprus Review. Vol. 23(1): 97-121.

Adamides, C. (2011). Enhancing civil society’s role in conflict prevention and peacebuilding in Cyprus. Available at:

Adamides, C. (2009). The Grim Prospects for the Development of a Common European Security Culture. In Depth Newsletter. Vol. 6(5)

Theophanous A., Adamides C., Tirkides Y. and Georgiou K.
«Δημογραφικ?ς Τ?σεις στην Κ?προ: Προκλ?σεις, Επιπτ?σεις και Προοπτικ?» (Demographic Trends in Cyprus: Challenges, Consequences and Prospects). Partially funded by the Ministry of Interior, Republic of Cyprus

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