Daniel Pinheiro Rio Tinto de Matos

Anarchy, bargaining and mistrust in intra-state conflicts

Supervisors: Dr. Edward Newman and Professor Nicholas Wheeler

My research integrates the ICCS’ Civil Wars, Intervention and State-building research cluster. It focuses on the dynamics of Political Violence, especially in Civil War contexts, relating the conditions in which anarchy emerges in the subsystem with the outcomes of how violence outbreaks and is used. I further explore the typologies of Political Violence and the mechanisms leading to it, from a rationalist IR theory perspective. While reviewing those issues, I intend to make contributions to the ongoing debate on the validity of the application of IR theory to explain intra-state political violence, and to further develop the attempt to narrow the gap between inter and intra-state war, engaging on improving theoretical claims about the matter.

This argument develops into identifying settings in which there are incentives for offensive or defensive behaviour amongst the actors, suggesting that the current debate regarding the application of the Security Dilemma to civil wars is not a binary issue, and that a civil war can see the operation of dynamics inherent to the defensive realism and offensive realism, depending on a handful of issues, which mainly stem from the distribution of powers and the technologies of warfare that emerge with Anarchy.


I am a first year doctoral researcher in Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham (UK), in the Department of Political Science and International Studies (POLSIS), working closely with the Institute for Conflict, Cooperation and Security (ICCS), having recently concluded my Masters (MA) in Political Science and International Relations at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (FCSH) of the Lisbon’s New University (UNL) in Lisbon, Portugal. I also hold a BA in International Relations from the Pontifical Catholic University, in Rio de Janeiro.

Previously to my PhD, I have interned with the Innovation and Knowledge Management Team in the Portuguese Agency for the Administrative Modernization (AMA I.P.) and have also contributed with the Brazilian Navy Naval War College (EGN), the Brazilian Combined Center for Peace Operations (CCOPAB), the Portuguese Institute of International Relations (IPRI), the Portuguese Institute for National Defence (IDN) and Oxford Analytica.


  • BA in International Relations (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro / PUC-Rio - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
  • MA in Political Science and International Relations (Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa / FCSH-UNL - Lisbon, Portugal)

Research interests

  • International Relations Theory
  • International Security
  • Strategic Studies
  • Conflict Studies
  • Political Violence
  • Peace Operations
  • Humanitarian Affairs
  • The Changing Character of War
  • Technology in War
  • Nuclear Weapons


Rio Tinto, D. (2013) “A Death Foretold: explorations the effect of emergence of Anarchy to the outbreak of political violence in domestic settings”, presented at the 2013 British International Studies Association (BISA) Annual Conference - Birminfgham United Kingdom, JUN/2013 (Forthcoming).

Rio Tinto, D. (2012) “Crossing the Border: the useful boundaries between Political Realism and Civil War literature applied to conflict resolution”, presented at the 2012 British International Studies Association (BISA) Annual Conference - Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 21/JUN/2012

Rio Tinto, D. (2012)  “The Evolution of the Technologies of Warfare in Guinea-Bissau's Conflict”, presented at the VI Congress of the Portuguese Political Science Association (APCP) - Lisbon, Portugal, 02/MAR/2012.

Rio Tinto, D. (2011) “Changing Grounds on Peacekeeping: the effect of emerging countries in moulding peace operations field work”, presented at the World International Studies Conference (WISC) 2011 - Oporto, Portugal, 19/AUG/2011.


Rio Tinto, D. (2012) “Deterrence e Détente: uma breve discussão metodológica”, Revista Polímnia, 2: 1, 2011, pp. 27-35.



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