Yogi Suwarno

Responding To Climate Change: Policy Integration And The Indonesian Forestry Sector

Supervisors: Fiona Nunan and Adrian Campbell

The integration of crosscutting issues into sectoral policy faces many challenges. These include competition between issues, the diversity of interests promoted, which may or may not see the crosscutting issues as helpful to their own objectives, resistance from ministries and departments and the complexity of policy systems. This complexity involves hierarchy and structure of policies, issues and regulation and creates challenges for the integration of additional objectives and principles.  Ministries and departments may resist taking on board crosscutting issues as they may see these as a threat to their own sectoral policy objectives, their expertise, norms of practice, and how their resources are allocated.

Literature on the integration of crosscutting issues, or policy integration, however, has given little attention to how policymaking processes allow for policy integration as well as present barriers. There is also little evidence of how sectoral ministries respond to crosscutting issues and in what way they are affected by pressure to address such issues, including those promoted by 'competing' agencies.

Climate change presents a significant and important issue for integration into many areas of public policy. Government ministries and departments across the board are tasked with responding to climate change mitigation and adaptation objectives.  Forestry is a key sector in building a response to climate change and so an investigation into how policy-makers and policymaking processes have responded to pressure to respond to climate change can shed light on policy processes and integration of cross-cutting issues as well as sectoral responses. The forestry sector is chosen as reducing deforestation is seen as critical in the global response to climate change. Indonesia is taken as a case study because of its importance in the international response due to the scale of forests and deforestation. It is also one of the most vulnerable countries to the effects of climate change and, despite its ambitious target of carbon emissions reduction, its forest-centric climate governance has been far from successful.

The thesis uses a qualitative approach to investigate how the Ministry of Forestry, as the national forest authority, has responded to climate change in sectoral policy-making and how the organisational arrangements developed in the response to climate change have enabled or constrained policy integration.


Yogi Suwarno is undertaking doctoral research climate policy integration within forestry sector in Indonesia. He is using qualitative methodologies to interview policymakers in forestry sector and is utilizing a theoretical framework of policy integration combined with bureaucratic politics to investigate the process of incorporating cross-cutting issue into sectoral policymaking. His main research questions cover the influence of cross-cutting issue on policymaking and responses of related ministry on climate change. He presented his papers at the IRSPM Conference 2015, in Birmingham and the RUG Conference in Amsterdam and the Hague, 2015.

Research interests

  • Policymaking
  • National governance
  • Decentralisation
  • Institutional changes

Professional memberships

  • IRSPM Membership, 2015-2016

Conference papers

  • IRSPM Conference 2015, Shaping the future: transforming public management - 'Re-invention or 'revolution'? 30 March – 1 April 2015, Birmingham, UK.
  • PhD Research Conference: Governance and Sustainability in South East Asia, 18-20 November 2015, Amsterdam and the Hague, the Netherlands