Yogi Suwarno

The Impact of REDD+ on Forest Governance in Indonesia (tentative)

Supervisors: Fiona Nunan, Adrian Campbell

He is interested in institutional changes affected by policy implementation in relation to decentralisation framework and the central-local governments’ relation. The research is looking at specific case on how the forestry sector, in general, being governed in Indonesia, particularly in responding to the international climate regime in addressing climate change. In light of this, Indonesia is ranked the third largest emitter in the world, in which contributed mostly by forestry sector including peat land. Therefore deforestation taking place in Indonesia is the main concern in his research.

The more specific issue will be investigated is about how the Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), as one of mitigation mechanisms under the UNFCCC, being implemented in Indonesia. This REDD+ is a recognised mitigation mechanism under the UNFCCC, in which Indonesia has become a major participant and contributor to the REDD+ negotiations. It is characterised very quick, cheap, and efficient. Yet it is more likely a voluntary than a binding mechanism. By participating in this mechanism, Indonesia has received a lot of grants, as well as loans from donor countries and multilateral institutions to support REDD+ implementation in Indonesia. However some challenges appear along with the demand of more decentralised governance, which means more powers are shifted from central to local governments, and more responsibilities are distributed among stakeholders.

The research objectives are mainly to gain an understanding of how forestry sector (including peatland) governed and institutionalised in Indonesia, and to draw lesson learnt from the implementation of the REDD+ in governing forestry sector.

In this research he would like to pose a fundamental question on how have government ministries responded to the REDD+ agenda and climate change mainstreaming. In addition to that, the possible changing structure would be taken into account as well as how the KAP (knowledge, attitude and practice) among employees within ministries is built in response to such changes.


After completing his master degree in Public Administration in the International Christian University, Japan (funded by the Japanese government), he served as a researcher at the Center for International Administration Studies (CIAS), under the National of Public Administration Institute (NIPA) in Jakarta, from 2006 – 2011.

He was involved in several research projects related to international administration themes which brought him to explore countries like India, Hong Kong, Singapore, and also represented his institution to attend several seminars and workshops in South Korea and Thailand.

In early 2011, he won a scholarship from the World Bank (so-called Spirit) to do PhD in University of Birmingham. He started his PhD work under the Centre for the Study of Global Ethics in November 2011 where he spent a year working on Global Climate Governance and Ethics. But then the topic has been developed and shifted more in the direction of governance. For this reason he transferred to International Development Department, and the topic is eventually narrowed down to Indonesian case, which likely focused on the impact of REDD+ implementation on forest governance.


  • MA in Public Administration (International Christian University – Graduate School of Public Administration, Tokyo, Japan)
  • BSc in Public Administration (Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia)

Research interests

  • Climate and forest governance
  • Decentralisation 
  • Institutional changes 
  • Policy implementation


Email: yxs117@bham.ac.uk