LLB Law and Policy of the WTO

Student enjoying a lectureModule leader: Dr Luca Rubini

Module description:

This module explores the rules governing international trade, focussing in particular on the law of the World Trade Organization (WTO). For a fuller and critical understanding of the law, reference will be made to economic, political and policy arguments. Topics include:

  • Free trade
  • Importance and qualifications
  • The WTO as an institution
  • The Dispute Settlement of the WTO
  • The prohibition of tax and regulatory discrimination
  • General exceptions (the protection of non-economic values, such as the environment and human rights)
  • Health, safety and technical standards
  • Trade in services
  • Trade and intellectual property
  • Subsidies, anti-dumping, and safeguards
  • Trade and developing countries, regional integration


Modules and Courses are constantly updated and under review. As with most academic programmes, please remember that it is possible that a module may not be offered in any particular year, for instance because a member of staff is on study leave or too few students opt for it. The University of Birmingham reserves the right to vary or withdraw any course or module.

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