LLM Criminal Evidence and Proof

Students working at computersModule leader: Dr Imogen Jones

Module description:

This module addresses a key area of the criminal process, the process of proof in criminal trials. This provides an essential link between the pre and post trial processes and between political context and substantive criminal law. The module explores the rules and principles that regulate the trial stage of the criminal process. The module is socio-legal in its approach, placing as much emphasis on the theoretical and political context of rules as the content of those rules. It also challenges students to consider a normative agenda.

Seminar topics:

  • Models of proof
  • Adversarial techniques
  • Principles of criminal evidence
  • Burden and standard of proof
  • Relevance, inferences and Bayesian reasoning

In addition, a number of specific evidential rules will be examined. This may include: vulnerable witnesses, character evidence, hearsay evidence, double jeopardy, confessions and improperly obtained evidence.

Methods of assessment

Modules on the LLM programmes will be assessed in one of the following ways. As this website is set up in advance, it is not possible to specify which method of assessment will be implemented for each module.


  • One 6000 word essay


  • One 3-hour written examination

If you'd like to find out how a module will be assessed in the forthcoming academic year please contact the LLM Programmes Administrator at Law-LLM@contacts.bham.ac.uk.



Modules and Courses are constantly updated and under review. As with most academic programmes, please remember that it is possible that a module may not be offered in any particular year, for instance because a member of staff is on study leave or too few students opt for it. The University of Birmingham reserves the right to vary or withdraw any course or module.