LLM Criminal Justice: Law Enforcement

Module leader: Fred Cram

Teaching and assessment (2014): Semester 2, Essay - 6,000 words

Module description:

This module explores the early stages of the criminal justice system. The focus will be on England and Wales, but comparative material will be used where appropriate.

The module is explicitly socio-legal. That is, it is concerned with the law relating to enforcement, the way the law operates in reality, its impact on suspect populations, and what the prospects are for reform. Specific topics will include the following, though not all will be taught in any one year:

  • Aims of criminal justice
  • Models of criminal justice
  • Policing; rights of suspects
  • Prosecution policy and processes
  • Enforcement of ‘regulatory’ crime
  • Police misconduct and legal responses to it
  • Pre-trial and trial
  • Rights and role of victims in criminal justice
  • Ethnicity and criminal justice

Methods of assessment

Modules on the LLM programmes will be assessed in one of the following ways. As this website is set up in advance, it is not possible to specify which method of assessment will be implemented for each module.


  • One 6000 word essay


  • One 3-hour written examination

If you'd like to find out how a module will be assessed in the forthcoming academic year please contact the LLM Programmes Administrator at Law-LLM@contacts.bham.ac.uk.




Modules and Courses are constantly updated and under review. As with most academic programmes, please remember that it is possible that a module may not be offered in any particular year, for instance because a member of staff is on study leave or too few students opt for it. The University of Birmingham reserves the right to vary or withdraw any course or module.