LLM International and Comparative Oil and Gas Law (upstream)

Students studying in a group settingModule leader: Dr Djakhongir Saidov

Module description:

The module explores rules relating to exploration, development and production of oil and gas. The main focus of the module is placed on different types of legal regimes used in different countries such as, for example, concessions, production-sharing, joint ventures, service, and hybrid contracts. Other relevant issues such as dispute settlement in oil and gas industry, expropriation, renegotiation of contracts, international institutional (OPEC, IEA) and legal framework are also examined.

Seminar topics:

  • Historical Background, Present State of International Petroleum Industry and Trends in International Petroleum Investment
  • Petroleum Policies, Objectives and Legislation
  • Methods of Obtaining Petroleum Development Rights and Licensing Regime
  • Modern Concession Contracts
  • Production Sharing Contract
  • Risk Service Contract
  • Joint Ventures and Joint Operating Agreements
  • Unitisation Agreements
  • Chinese Hybrid Contract
  • Takings, Stabilisation Clauses and Renegotiation
  • International Legal Framework – Bilateral Investment Treaties and Energy Charter Treaty
  • OPEC and IEA

Methods of assessment

Modules on the LLM programmes will be assessed in one of the following ways. As this website is set up in advance, it is not possible to specify which method of assessment will be implemented for each module.


  • One 6000 word essay


  • One 3-hour written examination  

If you'd like to find out how a module will be assessed in the forthcoming academic year please contact the LLM Programmes Administrator at Law-LLM@contacts.bham.ac.uk.



Modules and Courses are constantly updated and under review. As with most academic programmes, please remember that it is possible that a module may not be offered in any particular year, for instance because a member of staff is on study leave or too few students opt for it. The University of Birmingham reserves the right to vary or withdraw any course or module.