LLM Theory of Criminal Law

Students studying in-between lecturesModule leader:  Dr Alexander Orakhelashvili

Module description:

The aim of this module is to consider the criteria of criminal culpability, including notions such as voluntary actions, causation, intention, foresight and negligence, and to address issues regarding scope of criminal liability including the harm principle, paternalism, and liability for omissions. There is no requirement for a common law background or for knowledge of the laws of a particular country since the issues to be discussed arise in all countries that have a distinct system of criminal law.

Methods of assessment

Modules on the LLM programmes will be assessed in one of the following ways. As this website is set up in advance, it is not possible to specify which method of assessment will be implemented for each module.


  • One 6000 word essay


  • One 3-hour written examination

If you'd like to find out how a module will be assessed in the forthcoming academic year please contact the LLM Programmes Administrator at Law-LLM@contacts.bham.ac.uk.



Modules and Courses are constantly updated and under review. As with most academic programmes, please remember that it is possible that a module may not be offered in any particular year, for instance because a member of staff is on study leave or too few students opt for it. The University of Birmingham reserves the right to vary or withdraw any course or module.