Dr Alexandra Bohm's main area of research and publication is the legal framework governing international peace and security, in particular the idea of a 'Responsibility to Protect'. Her broader areas of research and and publication include legal research methodologies and the legal issues arising from the increasing use of private military and security contractors in post-conflict zones. Alexandra has given papers on these topics at international conferences such as the European Society of International Law's Biennial Conference (Amsterdam, 2013) and the International Law Association's British Branch Annual Conference (Nottingham, 2013). She has also worked with non-governmental organisations and think tanks on these topics.
Feedback and office hours
My office and feedback hours are Thursdays, 3-5pm, in Law 126.
Students are welcome to see me during these hours without an appointment. If you need to see me outside these hours, please email me to arrange another time (which will be in my usual office, Arts G37a).
Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales
Alexandra qualified as a solicitor in 2003 and practised in the construction law department of Norton Rose LLP for several years (chiefly in the areas of contract and tort law) before returning to university to complete a Masters' Degree in Global Law and Politics in Sheffield. She then undertook a PhD in Sheffield, awarded in 2014.
Alexandra joined the University of Birmingham in 2014 as a Teaching Fellow. Before this she taught at the University of Sheffield during her PhD, on both postgraduate and undergraduate modules including Contract Law, Tort Law, Introduction to Legal Systems, Public International Law, International Legal Theory and the Politics of International Law. During this time Alexandra was also a research assistant on the EU FP7 Priv-war project, which formulated proposals to the EU on how to regulate the private military and security sector and responded to a consultation by the UK Government on the same topic. She was also co-investigator for several grants on the on-going project 'Doing Law Beyond the State', a multi-disciplinary project examining methodological issues in the fields of EU, comparative and public and private international law.
Alexandra's research covers public international law, legal research methodologies and the regulation of private military and security contractors (PMSCs). Her particular area of expertise is international peace and security law, focusing on the topics of humanitarian intervention and the 'Responsibility to Protect'. She is interested in multi-disciplinary approaches to these issues, from international law, international relations theory and political theory (especially the English School of international relations and cosmopolitanism). Her research critiques the assumptions made about security and justice by supporters of humanitarian intervention and the Responsibility to Protect. She has given papers on this topic in Nottingham, Ljubljana and Hull and is published in the journal Global Policy.
Alexandra is also interested in legal research methodologies and the relationship between a researcher's world view, the questions researchers seek to answer and the methods by which they carry out research. On this topic she has various co-authored publications, including a book Legal Research Methodologies in EU and International Law with R Cryer, T Hervey and B Sokhi Bulley (Hart 2011).
During 2009 Alexandra was involved in 'Priv-war', an FP-7 funded project across seven European universities to address the law governing the activities of PMSCs. The key research output from this project was a report on applicable UK legislation which, together with reports from other jurisdictions, formed the basis of recommendations to the EU on how it should regulate this sector (which it has since endorsed). Other outputs include co-authored works critiquing the UK's approach to regulating its PMSC industry and examining the role of international law in influencing policy on the provision of security during post-conflict reconstruction.
Alexandra is a qualified, non-practising Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales.
R Cryer, T Hervey and B Sokhi Bulley with A Bohm, Legal Research Methodologies in EU and International Law (Hart 2011).
A Bohm, ‘The Relationship between Security and Justice in the Responsibility to Protect’ (2013) 4 Global Policy 247-257.
S Macleod and A Bohm, 'The Regulation of Private Military and Security Contractors' in M Saul and J Sweeney (eds), International Law and Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy (forthcoming, Routledge 2015).
A Bohm, ‘Conceptions of Security and International Law: the Responsibility to Protect’ in M Footer, J Schmidt and ND White (eds), Security and International Law (Hart 2014).
A Bohm, ‘Why Do We Care? A Critical Look at the Responsibility to Protect’ in V Sancin and M Kovič Dine, Responsibility to Protect in Theory and Practice (GV Založba 2013).
A Bohm and R Collins, ‘The (Academic) Profession of International Law and the Commitment to Legal Autonomy’ in A Nollkaemper and others (eds), International Law as a Profession (forthcoming, CUP 2014).
A Bohm, K Senior and A White, ‘UK Regulation of Private Military and Security Contractors’ in C Bakker and M Sossai (eds) Multilevel Regulation of Military and Security Outsourcing: The Interplay between International Norms, European Law and Domestic Legislation (Hart 2012).
A Bohm and R Collins, ‘What Do We “Do” When We Do Public and Private International, EU and Comparative Law?’ Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law Blog (November 2012).
N White, K Senior, S Macleod, A White and A Bohm, 'Regulating PMSCs: University of Sheffield Response to Government Consultation 2009' – Response to UK Government White Paper ‘Regulatory Options for the UK Private Military and Security Industry April 2009’.