Professor Duncan Shepherd BEng, PhD, CEng, FIMechE

Professor of Biomedical Engineering
Director of Quality Assurance and Enhancement within the College of Engineering and Physical Sciences

School of Mechanical Engineering

Professor Duncan Shepherd

Contact details

Mechanical Engineering
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT


Duncan Shepherd is a Professor of Biomedical Engineering.

Duncan has published over 70 peer-reviewed journal papers and book chapters in the field of Bio-medical Engineering, mainly on the design and testing of medical devices.  He has received major grants from Arthritis Research (UK), Commission of the European Communities, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the medical device industry.  He has been invited to give talks on his research in Canada, India, Malaysia and the UK.

His main areas of teaching are modules on mechanical engineering design and bio-medical engineering.  He is the Director of Quality Assurance and Enhancement within the College of Engineering and Physical Sciences.


  • Fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (FIMechE), 2008
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, 2007
  • Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (MIMechE) and Chartered Mechanical Engineer (CEng), 2001
  • PhD in Bio-engineering, University of Leeds, 1997
  • BEng in Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, 1993


Duncan Shepherd gained a BEng in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Leeds in 1993.  He went on to undertake research in Bio-engineering in the Research School of Medicine, University of Leeds.  In 1997 was awarded a PhD for research on the mechanical properties of articular cartilage.

From 1997 until 2004 he worked in Department of Bio-Medical Physics & Bio-Engineering at the University of Aberdeen.  He started work as a Research Fellow and in 2000 he was awarded a prestigious Leverhulme Trust Special Research Fellowship to undertake research on the design of a novel wrist implant.  In 2002 he became a Lecturer in Bio-engineering.

Duncan moved to the University of Birmingham in 2004 as a Lecturer to help establish a new research area in Bio-medical Engineering, located within the School of Mechanical Engineering.  He was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2006, Reader in 2011 and Professor in 2014.


Teaching Programmes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • MRes Biomaterials

Postgraduate supervision

Duncan is interested in supervising doctoral research students in the following areas:

  • Design and testing of Medical Devices, e.g. spinal implants, small joint replacement, trauma devices.
  • Mechanical properties of natural tissues, e.g. articular cartilage.

PhD opportunities


Research Themes

Bio-medical Engineering, Design and Testing of Medical Devices, Measurement of Mechanical Properties of natural tissues. 


Research Activity

Spinal implant testing

With funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Duncan has developed a spinal implant testing facility at the University of Birmingham. A spine simulator is being used to investigate:

  • Tribology of disc arthroplasty
  • Mechanical properties of elastomeric disc arthroplasty
  • Mechanical properties of nucleus replacement implants

Design of medical devices

Duncan has experience in designing a range of medical devices including small joint arthroplasty, sternal fixation devices and surgical instruments. He uses solid modelling and finite element analysis to optimise designs, and has experience of working within the regulatory framework for the design of medical devices. He also has a range of experience of using materials testing machines to test medical devices to International Standards. 

Mechanical Properties of natural tissues

Duncan has experience of measuring a range of mechanical properties of natural tissues. This research has included measurements of the viscoelastic properties of articular cartilage and the intervertebral disc, using Dynamic Mechanical Analysis.

Other activities

  • Member of the Academic Standards Panel of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Engineering
  • Editorial Board Member of The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal
  • Assistant Editorial Board Member of the European Spine Journal
  • Associate Editor of BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders



Moghadas P, Mahomed A, Hukins DWL & Shepherd DET (2013). Effect of lubricants on friction in laboratory tests of a total disc replacement device. Journal of Engineering in Medicine 227: 988-993.

Xin H, Shepherd DET & Dearn KD (2013). Strength of polyether-ether-ketone: effects of sterilisation and thermal ageing. Polymer Testing 32: 1001-1005.

Aghayan S, Shepherd DET, Davis ET (2013). A biomechanical study of the Birmingham Mid Head Resection arthroplasty: effect of stem size on femoral neck fracture. Journal of Engineering in Medicine 227: 911 - 916.

Espino DM, Shepherd DET & Hukins DWL (2013). A simple method for contact modelling in an arbitrary frame of reference within multi-physics software. Journal of Mechanics 29: N9-N14.

Parekh J, Shepherd DET, Hukins DWL Hingley C & Maffulli N (2013). In vitro investigation of friction at the interface between bone and a surgical instrument. Journal of Engineering in Medicine 227: 712–718.

Xin H, Shepherd DET & Dearn KD (2013). A tribological assessment of a PEEK based self-mating total cervical disc replacement. Wear. 303: 473-479.

Espino DM, Shepherd DET & Hukins DWL (2013). Development of a transient large strain contact method for biological heart valve simulations. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 16: 413-424.

Moghadas P, Mahomed A, Hukins DWL & Shepherd DET (2013). Wear in metal-on-metal total disc arthroplasty. Journal of Engineering in Medicine. 227: 356–361.

Ghosh S, Bowen J, Jiang K, Espino DM & Shepherd DET (2013). Investigation of techniques for the measurement of articular cartilage surface roughness. Micron 44: 179–184.

Moghadas P, Shepherd DET, Hukins DWL & Mahomed A (2012). Polymer-on-metal or metal-on-polymer total disc arthroplasty: does it make a difference? Spine 37: 1834-1838.

Mahomed A, Moghadas P, Shepherd DET, Hukins DWL, Roome A & Johnson S (2012). Effect of axial load on the flexural properties of an elastomeric total disc replacement. Spine 37: E908-E912.

Xin H, Shepherd DET & Dearn KD (2012). PEEK (Polyether-ether-ketone) based cervical total disc arthroplasty: contact stress and lubrication analysis. Open Biomedical Engineering Journal 6: 73-79

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