Professor Shuang Zhang BSc,MSc,PhD

Shuang Zhang

School of Physics and Astronomy
Professor of Metamaterials

Contact details

School of Physics and Astronomy
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Shuang Zhang is a Professor  in the school of Physics & Astronomy.

Professor Shuang Zhang has published over 50 research papers in journals including Nature, Nature Physics, Nature Materials, Nature Communicatons, Physical Review Letters, Nano Letters and Optics Express.

He is the recipient of 2010 IUPAP award in Optics for his pioneering work on optical metamaterials.

Group Website:


  • PhD in Electrical Engineering, Univ New Mexico, 2005
  • MS in Physics, Northeastern Univ (USA) 1999
  • BS in Physics, Jilin Univ (China), 1993


Professor Shuang Zhang received BS in Physics from Jilin University, Changchun, China, in 1993, MS.  in Physics from Northeastern University, Boston, MA, in 1999, and  Ph.D in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, in 2005.

From December 2005 to August 2006, he was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and from August 2006 to March 2010, he was first a Postdoctoral Research Fellow and later an Assistant Research Engineer at the University of California Berkeley. In March 2010, he took the position of Reader in the School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Birmingham, and was promoted to professor in March, 2013.

Professor Zhang is the recipient of IUPAP (International Union of Pure and Applied Physics) Young Scientist Prize in Optics, 2010 for his research on optical metamaterials.

Professor Zhang's recent work on macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light was selected as "top 10 breakthroughs for 2010" by Physics World, "top 100 stories in 2011" by Discover Magazine, and received numerous media coverage including BBC News, Telegraph, Channel 4, ITV, Guardian, Fox News, USA Today, MSNBC.


* Year 3 Photonics Lab

* Midlands Physics Alliance (MPAGS) postgraduate module "Nanophotonics and Metamaterials"

Postgraduate supervision

Supervision of the following research PhD students in Metamaterials and Plasmonics:

  • Mark Lawrence
  • Mitchell Kenney
  • Yao-Ting Wang
  • Biao Yang
  • Xueqian Zhang
  • Qinghua Guo
  • Wenlong Gao
  • Naomi Waterman


Past PhD students:

  • Lingling Huang
  • Shumei Chen

PhD opportunities


Research Themes

  • Optical metamaterials 
  • Transformation Optics and Invisibility
  • Plasmonics 
  • Nonlinear Optics
  • Super-resolution imaging 
  • Opto-electronics

Research Activity

Professor Zhang’s research has centred on the development of plasmonic devices and optical metamaterials whose electromagnetic properties cannot be obtained from nature materials.  His contributions to this field include the design and demonstration of the first bulk optical negative-index metamaterials— fishnet metamaterial, the first mid-infrared magnetic metamaterials and the first terahertz chiral negative index metamaterials, and the first optical invisibility cloak of macroscopic size.

He has also been involved in the development of optoelectronic devices, such as semiconductor distributed feedback lasers, infrared single photon detectorsand plasmonic enhanced infrared detectors.

Professor Zhang’s current research focuses on the integration of optoelectronics, plasmonics and metamaterials to achieve the active control of the nanophotonic devices, and to investigate new functional photonic materials with exotic optical properties and applications.

Other activities

Programme co-chair, IEEE Nano, 2012 (Birmingham)

Symposium organizer, MRS, 2013 (San Francisco)

subcommittee member, CLEO/QELS

subcommittee member, Fronter in Optics

Referee for journals including Nature, Science, Nature Materials, Nature Photonics, Nature Communications, Light: Science & Applications, Scientific Reports, Phys. Rev. Lett., Nano Lett., Phys. Rev. B, Appl. Phys. Lett., Opt Lett., Opt. Exp.


Selected publications:

A complete list of my publications is available at Researcher ID and google scholar citations

Q. Guo, W. Gao, J. Chen, Y. Liu & S. Zhang, "Line degeneracy and strong spin-orbit coupling of light with bulk bianisotropic metamaterials", Physical Review Letters, 115, 067402 (2015).

D Wen, F Yue, G Li, G Zheng, K Chan, S Chen, M Chen, KF Li,PWH Wong, KW Cheah, EYB Pun, S Zhang  & X Chen, "Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms", Nature Communications, 6, 8241 (2015)

G Li, S Chen, N Pholchai, B Reineke, PWH Wong, EYB Pun, KW Cheah, T Zentgraf & S Zhang, “Continuous control of the nonlinearity phase for harmonic generations”, Nature Materials, 14, 607 (2015)

Guoxing Zheng, Holger Mühlenbernd, Mitchell Kenney, Guixin Li, Thomas Zentgraf and Shuang Zhang, "Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency", Nature Nanotechnology, doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.2 (2015).

Wenlong Gao, Mark Lawrence, Biao Yang, Fu Liu, Fengzhou Fang, Benjamin Béri, Jensen Li, and Shuang Zhang, "Topological Photonic Phase in Chiral Hyperbolic Metamaterials", Physical Review Letters, 114, 037402 (2015)

Y. Montelongo, J. O.Tenorio-Pearl, C. Williams, S Zhang, W. Ireland Milne, T. D. Wilkinson, "Plasmonic nanoparticle scattering for color holograms", PNAS, 111, 12679 (2014)

Mark Lawrence, Ningning Xu, Xueqian Zhang, Longqing Cong, Jiaguang Han, Weili Zhang, and Shuang Zhang, “Manifestation of PT Symmetry Breaking in Polarization Space with Terahertz Metasurfaces”, Physical Review Letters, 113, 093901 (2014)

S Chen, G Li, F Zeuner, W H Wong, E Y B Pun, T Zentgraf, K W Cheah & S Zhang, “Symmetry selective third harmonic generation from plasmonic metacrystals”, Physical Review Letters, 113, 033901 (2014)

L Liu, X Zhang, M Kenney, X Su, N Xu, C Ouyang, Y Shi , J Han, W Zhang and S Zhang, "Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude", Advanced Materials, 26, 5031 (2014)

L Liu, X Zhang, M Kenney, X Su, N Xu, C Ouyang, Y Shi , J Han, W Zhang and S Zhang, "Broadband Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Control of Phase and Amplitude", Advanced Materials(2014)

T. Han, H. Ye, Y. Luo, S. P. Yeo, J. Teng, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, "Manipulating dc currents with bilayer bulk natural materials", Advanced Materials, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201305586, (2014).

L.L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K.-W. Cheah, C.-W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, "Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface", Nature Communications,4, 2808 (2013).

W Jiang, C Qiu, T Han, Q Cheng, H Ma, S Zhang, T Cui, "Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field subdiffraction imaging", Advanced Materials, 25, 6963 (2013).

Guixin Li, Ming Kang, Shumei Chen, Shuang Zhang, Edwin Yue-Bun Pun, K. W. Cheah, and Jensen Li, "Spin Enabled Plasmonic Metasurfaces for Manipulating Orbital Angular Momentum of Light", Nano Letters, 11, 4148 (2013)

XQ Zhang, Z Tian, W Yue, J Gu, S Zhang, J Han & W Zhang, "Broadband Terahertz Wave Deflection Based C-Shaped Complex Metamaterials With Phase Discontinuities", Advanced Materials, 25, 4567 (2013)

Lingling Huang, Xianzhong Chen, Benfeng Bai, Qiaofeng Tan, Guofan Jin, Thomas Zentgraf & Shuang Zhang, "Helicity Dependent Directional Surface Plasmon Polariton Excitation Using a Metasurface with Interfacial Phase Discontinuity", Nature - Light: Science & Applications, 2, e70 (2013) 

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. X. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light”, Nature Communications, 3, 1198 (2012).

S. Zhang, Z Ye, Y Wang, Y S Park, G Bartal, M Mrejen, X Yin & X Zhang, "Anti-Hermitian Plasmon Coupling of an Array of Gold Thin-Film Antennas for Controlling Light at the Nanoscale",  Physical Review Letters, 109, 193902 (2012)

L. Huang , X. Chen , H. Mühlenbernd , G. Li , B. Bai , Q. Tan , G. Jin , T. Zentgraf , and S. Zhang, "Dispersionless Phase Discontinuities for Controlling Light Propagation", Nano Letters, 12, 5750 (2012)

J Gu, R Singh, X Liu, X. Q. Zhang, Y Ma , S Zhang, S Maier, Z Tian, A Azad, H T Chen, A Taylor, J Han, W. L. Zhang, "Active control of electromagnetically-induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials", Nature Communications, 3, 1151 (2012).

S. Zhang, J. F. Zhou, Y. S. Park, J. Rho, R. Singh, S. Nam, A. Azad, H. T. Chen, X. B. Yin, A. J. Taylor & X. Zhang, "Photo-induced Handedness Switching in Terahertz Chiral-Molecules", Nature Communications, 3, 942 (2012)

D. C. Liang, J. Q. Gu, J. G. Han, Y. M. Yang, S. Zhang& W. L. Zhang, "Robust Large Dimension Terahertz Cloaking", Advanced Materials, 24, 916 (2012)

S Palomba , S. Zhang, Y. S. Park , G. Bartal ,X. B. Yin & X. Zhang, "Optical Negative Refraction by Four-wave Mixing in Thin Metallic Nanostructures", Nature Materials, 11, 34 (2012)

S. Zhang, Y. Xiong, G. Bartal, X. Yin & X. Zhang, "Magnetized plasma for reconfigurable subdiffraction imaging", Phys. Rev. Lett., 106, 243901 (2011) 

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic Invisibility Cloaking for Visible Light”, Nature Communications, 2, 176 (2011)

CW Chang, M Liu, S Nam, S Zhang, Y Liu, G Bartal, and X Zhang, “Optical Mobius Symmetry in Metamaterials”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 105, 235501 (2010)

D A Dentcho, S Zhangand X Zhang, “Mimicking Celestial Mechanics in Metamaterials”, Nature Physics.5, 687 (2009)

S Zhang, P Park, J Li, X C Lu, W L Zhang and X Zhang, “Negative Refractive Index in Chiral MetamaterialsPhys. Rev. Lett.102, 023901 (2009)

A Ishikawa, S Zhang, D A Genov, G Bartal and X Zhang, “Deep Subwavelength Waveguide Using Negative Permeability Metamaterials”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 102, 043904 (2009)

J Valentine*, S Zhang*, T Zentgraf*, E Ulin-Avila, D A Genov, G Bartal and X Zhang, (* equally contributed first authors) “Three Dimensional Optical Metamaterials Exhibiting Negative Refractive Index”, Nature, 455, 376 (2008)

S Zhang, D A Genov, Y Wang, M Liu and X Zhang, “Plasmonic Metamaterials with Coupling Induced Transparency”, Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 047401 (2008)

S Zhang, D A Genov, C Sun and X Zhang, “Cloaking of Matter Waves”, Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 123002 (2008)

W Fan, S Zhang, N C Panoiu, A Abdenour, S Krishna, R M Osgood, K J Malloy and S R J Brueck, “Second harmonic generation from a nanopatterned isotropic nonlinear material”, Nano Lett.6, 1027 (2006)

S Zhang, W Fan, N C Panoiu, K J Malloy, M R Osgood and S R J Brueck, “Demonstration of Near-Infrared Negative-Index MaterialsPhys. Rev. Lett,95, 137404 (2005)

S Zhang, W Fan, B K Minhas, A Fraunglass, K J Malloy and S R J Brueck, “Midinfrared resonant magnetic nanostructures exhibiting a negative permeability”, Phys. Rev. Lett,94, 037402 (2005)

W Fan,S Zhang, B K Minhas, Kevin J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Enhanced Infrared Transmission through Subwavelength Coaxial Metallic Arrays”, Phys. Rev. Lett.94 033902 (2005).


Metamaterials with optical properties going beyond that of nature materials; plasmonics for controlling light in the nanoscale; transformation of optics and invisibility cloaks; nano-fabrication; optoelectronics

Media experience

Shuang's work in developing 'invisibility cloaks' was covered extensively in the national press  including video content for the Guardian and articles in the Daily Mirror and Metro .

Alternative contact number available for this expert: contact the press office