Part of the Developmental and Social Cognitive Neuroscience Seminar Series
Speakers: Ben Smith and Catherine Darnell
Morality and empathy: How moral foundations relate to the experience of cognitive and affective empathy
Recent research suggests a number of universal moral domains, or "foundations", on which varying ethical and moral systems are built. Empathy is regularly linked to morality concerned with caring for others, but differentiation between cognitive and affective empathy, and whether moral concerns about fairness are also linked to empathy is unclear.
With a lack of qualitative research on morality, we conducted a series of interviews to gather rich data on the concept of moral foundations and their relationship to empathy. I will outline the results of our thematic analysis thus far.
Children's Guessing under Epistemic and Physical Uncertainty: An Eye-Tracking Study
"Young children frequently demonstrate difficulties when handling uncertainty. Recent research however demonstrates that children’s performance is affected by whether the uncertainty being presented is physical (uncertainty based on an outcome which has yet to occur) or epistemic (uncertainty based on an outcome which has already occurred but which we are ignorant to).
Under physical uncertainty children correctly acknowledge the multiple possibilities associated with an uncertain event, yet under epistemic uncertainty, children behave as if they ‘know’ the outcome (Robinson, Rowley, Beck, Carroll & Apperly, 2006). In the current experiment we investigated children’s eye-movements during a guessing game to see if children’s looking patterns differed between these two types of uncertainty. Do children really focus on one outcome under epistemic uncertainty but many under physical uncertainty?"