Dr Charlotte Hartwright (née Easter)

Dr Charlotte Hartwright (née Easter)

School of Psychology
Research Associate

Contact details

School of Psychology
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

I have a broad interest in the cognitive neuroscience of social behaviour, particularly in terms of how executive processes contribute to Theory of Mind (ToM), and the neural basis of these functional processes. Working with Prof Ian Apperly and Dr Peter Hansen, I have been using structural and functional neuroimaging techniques, including DTI and fMRI, in combination with interference techniques, such as TMS, to conduct a detailed analysis of how mental state reasoning is represented in, and beyond, the ‘social brain’. To attempt to delineate any executive processes that may support mental state reasoning, my research also involves the evaluation of psychometric data alongside behavioural and brain data.


  • BSc Hons. Psychology
  • MRes Brain Imaging and Cognitive Neuroscience
  • PhD, Social Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham 


I obtained a First Class Hns degree in Psychology at the University of Worcester. For two years, I worked in Outreach with people who have physical and mental-health disabilities. I also worked for one year for Worcestershire Mental Health Partnership Trust (WMHPT) in Psychology Services for People with Learning Disabilities. Here, I was responsible for project managing a service development within WMHPT, which involved research with people who have learning disabilities.

After securing a 1+3 ESRC Open studentship to fund my postgraduate studies, I achieved a Masters of Research in Brain Imaging and Cognitive Neuroscience at distinction level in 2009, followed by a PhD from the School of Psychology in 2013. My doctoral research adopted a Cognitive Neuroscience approach to examining Theory of Mind in typical adults, with Professor Ian Apperly and Dr Peter Hansen at the University of Birmingham.


Research interests

Social Neuroscience; Social Cognition; Executive Function; Theory of Mind; fMRI; DTI

Research group

SCONe (Social Cognition and Neuroscience)

Other activities

University of Birmingham Teaching Assistant

Undergraduate modules:

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Research Methods (Lead TA)

Postgraduate modules:

  • Introduction to Matlab programming (Lead TA)
  • Introduction to FSL (Brain Imaging and Cognitive Neuroscience)

College of Life and Environmental Sciences Super Teaching Assistant

  • Teaching Skills for Postgraduate TAs (course design and Instructor)

Invited reviewer

  • Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
  • Journal Neuropsychologia


Hartwright, C. E., Apperly, I. A., and Hansen, P.C. (in prep.). Neural Circuitry for Personal Preference and the Attribution of Preference to Others. Manuscript in preparation.

Hartwright, C. E., Apperly, I. A., and Hansen, P.C. (in prep.). The Special Case of Self Perspective Inhibition in Mental, but not Non-mental, Representation. Manuscript in preparation.

Hartwright, C. E., Harwick, R., Apperly, I. A., and Hansen, P. C. (in prep). Inhomogeneous Behavioural Effects following Theta Bust Stimulation to Lateral Prefrontal Cortex.

Hartwright, C. E., Apperly, I. A., & Hansen, P. C. (in press). Representation, Control, or Reasoning? Distinct Functions for Theory of Mind within the Medial Prefrontal Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00520

Hartwright, C. E., Apperly, I. A., & Hansen, P. C. (2012). Multiple Roles for Executive Control in Belief-Desire Reasoning: Distinct Neural Networks are Recruited for Self Perspective Inhibition and Complexity of Reasoning. NeuroImage, 61(4), 921-930. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.03.012

Easter, C., Apperly, I.A, Hansen, P.C. (2010). Activation within the Right Temporoparietal Junction is Modulated by Specific Belief & Desire States. Poster presentation, Organization for Human Brain Mapping, 16th Annual Meeting