Dr Alison Rushton EdD, MSc, Grad Dip Phys, Cert Ed, Dip TP, HCPC FCSP, FMACP, FHEA

Dr Alison Rushton

School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Senior Lecturer, Researcher in Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Sciences,
Deputy Director and Research Co-Lead, Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine),
School Lead for Postgraduate Taught programmes, Programme Leader MSc Exercise and Sports Medicine (Football) programmes

Contact details

Address
Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine)
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TT
UK

Alison is Deputy Director and Research Co-Lead of the Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine). CPR Spine was established at the University of Birmingham in 2016 following a ~£1M investment awarded to Professor Falla and Dr Rushton. The aim of the Centre is to identify personalised management approaches for spinal pain taking into consideration the multidimensional nature of spinal pain.

Alison’s research is at the forefront of enhancing our understanding of the assessment and management of musculoskeletal and spinal pain disorders to inform precision rehabilitation. Within the School we are developing and validating new assessment protocols which offer new opportunities to objectively characterise the presentation of patients presenting with musculoskeletal pain of spinal and traumatic origin, to enable appropriate identification of patient-specific safe targeted interventions. Effective targeted rehabilitation can enable improved effectiveness (clinical and cost) as it identifies which patients to target with specific rehabilitation approaches, and therefore enables more effective use of rehabilitation resources. 

Alison is also a Senior Primary Investigator for the NIHR Surgical Reconstruction & Microbiology Research Centre.

There are 2 themes to Alison’s significant contribution to research in the School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences:

1] Scientific contribution through the work she lead which focuses on traumatic whiplash and low back pain surgical populations for precision rehabilitation; and through collaborative work which focuses on spinal pain, and traumatic musculoskeletal pain populations.

2] Empirical contribution through expertise in mixed methods, systematic reviews and randomised controlled trials in the health sector. She advises and provides empirical contribution to a range of researchers and projects across the School. 

Qualifications

  • Fellow Chartered Society Physiotherapy, 2015
  • Honorary membership OMT Espana Terapia Manual Ortopedica, 2010
  • Fellow Musculoskeletal Association of Chartered Physiotherapists, 2007
  • Doctorate in Education, University of Warwick, 2004
  • Fellow Higher Education Academy, 2003
  • MSc Manipulative Physiotherapy, Coventry University, 1997
  • Membership of the Musculoskeletal Association of Chartered Physiotherapists, 1997
  • Diploma in Teaching Physiotherapy, Coventry University, 1991
  • Certificate in Education, Wolverhampton Polytechnic, 1991
  • Member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 1987
  • Registrant with the Health Professions Council, 1987
  • Graduate Diploma in Physiotherapy, The Middlesex Hospital School of Physiotherapy, 1987

Biography

Alison has a strong research profile, with 47 publications since 2011 in high impact journals including BMJ, PlosOne, Spine, BMJ Open, Trials, BMC Musculoskeletal, and Manual Therapy. She has >£866,000 current research funding; 15 invited keynote presentations at prestigious international conferences; and >50 research conference oral / poster presentations.

Alison has worked within education since 1993 with a focus to research and teaching in the specialist area of musculoskeletal rehabilitation / manipulative physiotherapy / sports medicine. Alison's involvement in teaching, learning and supervision encompasses the subject areas of musculoskeletal physiotherapy, manipulative therapy, sports medicine, evidence based practice, clinical reasoning, and research methods. Her involvement is focused to the postgraduate programmes, particularly teaching and supervision on the MSc Advanced Manipulative Physiotherapy, MSc Exercise and Sports Medicine (Football) and supervising MSc, MRes and PhD students.

Alison has been awarded a fellowship of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, a fellowship of the Musculoskeletal Association of Chartered Physiotherapists and Honorary membership of the OMT Espana Terapia Manual Ortopedica for her national and international contribution to musculoskeletal physiotherapy research and education.

Alison Chairs the Standards Committee of the International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists, is on the Editorial Board of the Manual Therapy journal, and joint lead of a lumbar spine research collaboration with the English Institute of Sport, sits on the strategic Technical Advisory Group of the English Institute of Sport; and works in partnership with The Football Association to deliver the MSc Exercise and Sports Medicine (Football) programme.

rushton-logos

Teaching

Postgraduate supervision

Alison is interested in supervising doctoral research students in the following areas:

Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Sciences, particularly precision rehabilitation in the areas of spinal pain, musculoskeletal pain following trauma, sports medicine.

If you are interested in studying any of these subject areas please contact Alison on the contact details above, or for any general doctoral research enquiries, please email: dr@contacts.bham.ac.uk or call +44 (0)121 414 5005.

For a full list of available Doctoral Research opportunities, please visit our Doctoral Research programme listings.   

Current PhD supervisions include:

  • Precision rehabilitation for spinal pain
  • Precision rehabilitation following trauma
  • The Effectiveness of Conservative Management for Acute Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) II.
  • Responsiveness of skeletal muscle to timing and distribution of protein intake in older adults
  • Clinical reasoning in musculoskeletal physiotherapy
  • Promotion of physical activity in middle aged and older adults with lower limb osteoarthritis
  • Effectiveness of a combined exercise and weight loss intervention for managing osteoarthritis
  • Effectiveness of independent prescribing by physiotherapists managing chronic low back pain
  • Independent prescribing by pharmacists and physiotherapists in the UK
  • Effectiveness of a behavioural physiotherapy intervention for the management of lower limb osteoarthritis
  • The effect of work-based facilitation in clinical reasoning on outcome in musculoskeletal physiotherapy

Research

Research Themes

Human Movement and Rehabilitation

Research Activity

As Deputy Director and Research Co-Lead of the Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine), I work with a team of researchers focused to personalised rehabilitation for patients presenting with musculoskeletal pain of spinal and traumatic origin.

It is widely acknowledged that assessment and management of musculoskeletal and spinal pain disorders is an international challenge and comes at great patient and societal cost, particularly as many problems become long term chronic conditions. In the UK, direct costs of low back pain alone are estimated to be £2.8 billion annually. We are developing and validating new assessment protocols which offer new opportunities to objectively characterise the presentation of patients presenting with musculoskeletal pain of spinal and traumatic origin. As a result, this enables appropriate identification of patient-specific safe targeted interventions. Effective targeted rehabilitation can enable improved effectiveness (clinical and cost) as it identifies which patients to target with specific rehabilitation approaches, and therefore enables more effective use of rehabilitation resources. The process of developing effective targeted rehabilitation is lengthy and requires several stages to ensure rigour and applicability to practice. Our research is fundamentally interdisciplinary in nature and involves collaboration across the School and University.

My role is as 1] PI for projects following whiplash trauma and spinal surgery for low back problems and 2] Co-I for projects focused to acute low back pain and musculoskeletal polytrauma.

Physiotherapy personalised rehabilitation post lumbar discectomy (PI)

Phase III trial funding application for evaluation of stepped care intervention under preparation targeting ARUK / NIHR EME. Collaboration with MDS, Oxford Surgical Trials Unit, Manchester Metropolitan University, and 7 clinical sites. Based on an established programme of research: survey of current UK practice, systematic review evaluating effectiveness of interventions, development of leaflet intervention, pilot and feasibility trial, development of physiotherapy intervention, analysis of intervention (all published); and systematic reviews of natural course of symptoms and prognostic factors, and qualitative analysis of patients’ experiences (papers under preparation).

Case study: Effective rehabilitation following lumbar spinal surgery

 

Physiotherapy stratified rehabilitation post lumbar spinal fusion (PI)

Prospective cohort observational study evaluating prognostic factors indicative of poor clinical outcome using the British Spine Registry and equivalent databases in collaborating countries (Netherlands and Switzerland) commences January 2017. Funding application under preparation for data management and data analyses (NIHR RfPB). Results will inform stratified care physiotherapy intervention. Based on established programme of research:  surveys of current national surgeon and physiotherapy practice, systematic review evaluating effectiveness of interventions (all published), and systematic reviews of natural course of symptoms and prognostic factors (under preparation).

Case study: Effective rehabilitation following lumbar spinal surgery

 

Active Behavioural Physiotherapy intervention in acute whiplash

Pilot and feasibility cluster randomised trial in UK private physiotherapy sector – data collection complete and data analyses underway. Funded through international funded PhD studentship from Thai Government. Based on established programme of research: two systematic reviews, protocol, and development of intervention (all published).

 

Lumbar spine research collaboration with the English Institute of Sport (PI)

Collaborative research contract in place with English Institute of Sport for lumbar spine research group. 5 funded MSc students with projects focused to assessment and targeted management of low back pain in elite sport (2 publications, 2 under review, 1 successful grant application, 1 PhD student).

english-institute-of-sport-100x100 

International framework for Examination of the Cervical Region for potential of Cervical Arterial Dysfunction prior to Orthopaedic Manual Therapy Intervention (PI)

Framework developed through 5-year international consensus process synthesising existing evidence. Now at evaluation of impact stage; and under 4-year review and revision.

Accredited organisation for Physiotherapy          

Trauma National Institute for Health Research Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre (NIHR SRMRC; Trauma Centre)

Specific project: WP XVIII - Enhanced management of acute post-traumatic pain for the prevention of chronic pain and disability Prof Deborah Falla, Dr Alison Rushton. To apply state-of-the-art methodologies and statistical approaches to better understand acute post-traumatic pain and prognosis in relation to the development of ongoing pain and disability. Moreover, to utilise this knowledge to develop and evaluate the feasibility of incorporating timely interventions for concomitant physical functioning and psychological health to prevent and/or reverse processes that mediate the transition from acute to chronic pain.

Other activities

  • Chair of the Standards Committee of the International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists (IFOMPT), responsible for maintaining international standards in manipulative physiotherapy 
  • Associate Editor BMC Musculoskeletal
  • Editorial Board, Manual Therapy journal 
  • Invited member of English Institute of Sport’s Technical Advisory Group – strategic group that challenges the evidence based direction of the Institute.
  • Reviewer of articles submitted for publication to: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, Manual Therapy. Medical Education. Medical Teacher, Physiotherapy, Spine, Canadian Journal of Physiotherapy, European Spine Journal, Trials, BMJ Open
  • Reviewer of research proposals submitted to the Manipulation Association of Chartered Physiotherapists, National Council for Osteopathic Research, NIHR HTA, RfPB, and EME programmes 
  • Reviewer of papers submitted for presentation at World Confederation of Physical Therapy and International Federation of Orthopaedic and Manipulative Physical Therapists conferences
  • Invited member Trial Steering Committees and Data Monitoring and safety Committees: University of Warwick, Oxford University.
  • Birmingham Health Partners Clinical Academic Careers Faculty and Clinical Academic Careers Strategic Group [2013 to date]
  • Invitation to externally examine PhDs (Leeds University, 2009; Brunel University 2012; University of Salford, 2013;2014; University of Warwick, 2014; University of Bournemouth 2014; University of Witwatersrand, 2015; Sheffield Hallam University, 2015; University of Bedfordshire, 2016).

Publications

ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Alison_Rushton

Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.co.uk/citations?hl=en&user=a7osB-cAAAAJ

Linked in: https://www.linkedin.com/in/alison-rushton-0ab46a16

 

Recent publications:

Spencer S, Wolf A, Rushton A (in press). Spinal exercise prescription in sport: classifying physical training and rehabilitation by intention and outcome. Journal of Athletic Training JIF 1.509.

Kanavaki A, Rushton A, Abhishek A, Klocke R, Duda J (in press). Barriers and facilitators to physical activity in people with hip or knee osteoarthritis: Protocol for a systematic review of qualitative evidence. BMJ Open. JIF 2.271.

Rushton A, Calcutt A, Heneghan N, Heap A, White L, Calvert M, Goodwin P (in press). Analysis of a 1:1 physiotherapy outpatient intervention post primary lumbar discectomy. BMJ Open. JIF 2.271.

Bucke J, Rushton A, Fawcett L, Spencer S, Sonvico L, Heneghan N (in press) Validity of the digital inclinometer and iphone when measuring thoracic spine rotation. Journal of Athletic Training. JIF 1.509.

WiangkhamT, Duda J, Haque S, Rushton A (2016). Development of an active behavioural physiotherapy intervention for the management of acute whiplash patients: an international Delphi study. BMJ Open 2016;6:e011764 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011764. JIF 2.271.

Gosling L, Rushton A. Identification of adult knee primary bone tumour symptom presentation: a qualitative study. Manual Therapy 26 (2016): 54-61. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2016.07.003.  JIF 2.558

Wiangkham T, Duda J, M Sayeed Haque, Price J, Rushton A (2016). Acute Whiplash Injury Study (AWIS): a protocol for a cluster randomised pilot and feasibility trial of an Active Behavioural Physiotherapy Intervention in an insurance private setting. BMJ Open 2016;6:e011336 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011336. JIF 2.271.

Koenders N, Rushton A, Heneghan N, Verra ML, Willems P, Hoogeboom T, Staal JB (2016). Pain and disability following first time lumbar fusion surgery for degenerative disorders: a systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews. 5:72. DOI: 10.1186/s13643-016-0252-2

Jensen L, Fawcett L, Nazareth M, Smith R, Spencer S, Heneghan N, Rushton A (2016). Diagnostic utility of patient history and physical examination data to detect spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in athletes with low back pain: a systematic review. Manual Therapy 24 (2016): 7-17. JIF 1.761

Heneghan N, Smith R, Rushton A (2016). Thoracic dysfunction in whiplash associated disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Systematic Reviews 5.1 (2016): 1.

Rushton A, Heneghan N, Heijmans M, Staal JB, Goodwin P (2016).  The natural course of pain and disability following primary lumbar discectomy: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 6.2 (2016): e010571. JIF 2.063.

Rushton A, White L, Heap A, Calvert M, Heneghan N, Goodwin P (2016). Development of 1:1 physiotherapy intervention post first-time lumbar discectomy. BMJ Open 6(2), p.e009409. JIF 2.063.

Rushton A, Heneghan N, Calvert M, White L, Heap A, Goodwin P (2015). Physiotherapy Post Lumbar Discectomy: Prospective Feasibility and Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial. PlosOne 10(11), e0142013. JIF 3.534.

WiangkhamT, Duda J, Haque S, Madi M, Rushton A (2015). The Effectiveness of Conservative Management for Acute Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) II: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PlosOne 10(7), e0133415. JIF 3.534.

Heneghan N, Rushton A (2015). Understanding why the thoracic region is the 'Cinderella' region of the spine. Manual Therapy. 10.1016/j.math.2015.06.010 JIF 1.761

Goodwin P, Wright C, Allan C, Crowther L, Darley C,Heap A, Paul E, White L, Rushton A (2015). Evidence-based development of a post-surgical lumbar discectomy leaflet intervention: a Delphi consensus study. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006069 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006069 JIF 2.063.

Luedtke K, Rushton A, Wright C. Jürgens T, Polzer A, Mueller G, May A (2015). Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation alone or preceding cognitive-behavioral management for chronic low back pain: a sham-controlled, double blinded randomized controlled trial, BMJ. 350 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h1640. JIF 16.3.

Silsbury, Z., Goldsmith, R., & Rushton, A. (2015). Systematic review of the measurement properties of self-report physical activity questionnaires in healthy adult populations. BMJ open5(9), e008430.

Stow R, Ives N, Smith C, Rick C, Rushton A (2015). A cluster randomised feasibility trial evaluating nutritional interventions in the treatment of malnutrition in care home-dwelling adults. Trials.Trials 2015, 16:433  doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0952-2 JIF 2.12.

Rushton A, Heneghan N, White L, Heap A, Hamid N, Eveleigh G, Wright C (2015). Survey of current surgeon practice for patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion in the UK. World Journal of Orthopedics. World J Orthop 6(6):483-490.  doi: 10.5312/wjo.v6.i6.483.

Stow RE, Rushton AB, Ives NJ, Smith C, Rick CE (2015). A cluster randomised feasibility trial evaluating six-month nutritional interventions in the treatment of malnutrition in care home-dwelling adults: recruitment, data collection and protocol. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 1:3.

Porter T, Rushton A (2015). The efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Sports Medicine – Open; 1:4.

Green A, Liles C, Rushton A, Kyte D (2014). Measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS) in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A systematic review. Manual Therapy 19:517-526. JIF 2.237.

Rushton ABFawkes CACarnes DMoore AP (2014). A modified Delphi consensus study to identify UK osteopathic profession research priorities. Manual Therapy;19(5):445-52. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2014.04.013.

Williams AL, Phillips CJ, Watkins A, Rushton A (2014). The effect of work-based mentoring on patient outcome in musculoskeletal physiotherapy: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2014;15:409  doi:10.1186/1745-6215-15-409 JIF 2.12.

Rushton A. Wright C. Heap, A. White, L. Eveleigh, G. Heneghan, N (2014). Survey of Current Physiotherapy Practice for Patients Undergoing Lumbar Spinal Fusion in the United Kingdom. Spine; 39(23),E1380–E1387. JIF 2.447.

Rushton A, Wright C, Kontakiotis N, Mystrakis A, Frydas D, Heneghan N (2014). Discriminative validity of sensory evaluation in a whiplash-associated disorder II population. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation;21(10):460-467. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/ijtr.2014.21.10.460

Kerry R, Rushton A, Flynn T, Hing W, Carlesso L, Rivett D (2014) Response to – Risk reduction of serious complications from manual therapy: Are we reducing the risk? Manual Therapy: Volume 19, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages e3–e4

Rushton A. Wright C. Heap, A. White, L. Eveleigh, G. Heneghan, N (2014). Survey of Current Physiotherapy Practice for Patients Undergoing Lumbar Spinal Fusion in the United Kingdom. Spine; 39(23), E1380–E1387. JIF 2.447. Contribution: PI

Rushton A, Rivett D, Carlesso L, Flynn T, Hing W, Kerry R (2014). International Framework for Examination of the Cervical Region for potential of Cervical Arterial Dysfunction prior to Orthopaedic Manual Therapy Intervention, Manual Therapy;19(3):222-8. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2013.11.005. Epub 2013 Nov 23. JIF 1.761.

Bent N, Rushton A, Wright C, Petherwick EJ, Batt M (2013).  Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the Anteromedial Reach Test in healthy participants, Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine.

Rushton A, Rivett D, Carlesso L, Flynn T, Hing W, Kerry R (2012). International Framework for Examination of the Cervical Region for potential of Cervical Arterial Dysfunction prior to Orthopaedic Manual Therapy Intervention, International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapy. 

Kerry R, Taylor A, Rushton A, McCarthy C, Mercer C (2012). Should we abandon cervical spine manipulation for mechanical neck pain? Rapid response, BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.e3680 http://www.bmj.com.ezproxyd.bham.ac.uk/content/344/bmj.e3679/rr/588701 JIF 13.471.

Rushton A, Eveleigh G, Petherick EJ, Heneghan N, Bennett R, James G, Wright C (2012). Physiotherapy rehabilitation following lumbar spinal fusion: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials, BMJ Open, 2:4 e000829 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-000829. JIF 1.583.

Luedtke K, Rushton A, Wright C, Geiss B, Juergens T, May A (2012). Transcranial direct current stimulation for the reduction of clinical and experimentally induced pain - a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Journal of Pain, 28(5):452-61. JIF 3.005.

Goldsmith R, Wright C, Bell SF, Rushton A (2012). Cold hyperalgesia as a prognostic  factor in Whiplash Associated Disorders: a systematic review, Manual Therapy, 17(5):402-10. JIF  2.237.

Rankin G, Rushton A, Olver P, Moore A (2012). Chartered Society of Physiotherapy’s identification of national research priorities for physiotherapy using a modified Delphi technique. Physiotherapy, 98(3):260–272. doi:10.1016/j.physio.2012.03.002. JIF 1.570.

Savva C, Rushton A, Karagiannis C (2012). Test-retest reliability of grip strength measurement in full  elbow extension to evaluate maximum grip strength. Journal of Hand Surgery: European Volume, Jun 19. [Epub ahead of print]. JIF 0.868.

Kyte D, Eveleigh G, Rushton A (2012). Myofascial Pain Referral: Pattern Recognition in the Upper Quadrant, International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 19(3): 144 – 152.

Bent N, Rushton A, Wright C, Batt M (2012). Distance Reached in the Anteromedial Reach Test as a Function of Learning and Leg Length, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(2):188-195. JIF 1.2.

Rushton A, Calvert M, Wright C, Freemantle N (2011). Physiotherapy trials for the 21st century – time to raise the bar?  Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 104: 437-441. JIF 1.717.

Rushton A, Wright C, Goodwin P, Calvert M, Freemantle N (2011). Physiotherapy rehabilitation post first lumbar discectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials. Spine 36(14):E961-72. JIF 2.793.

Rushton A, Wright C, Heneghan N, Eveleigh G, Calvert M, Freemantle N (2011). Physiotherapy rehabilitation for Whiplash Associated Disorder II: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open 1:e000265. JIF 1.583.

Rushton A, Spencer S (2011). The Effects of Soft Tissue Mobilisation Techniques on Flexibility and Passive Resistance in the Hamstring Muscle-Tendon Unit: a pilot investigation. Manual Therapy. 16:161-166. JIF 2.237.

Burgess RM, Rushton A, Wright C, Daborn C (2011). The Validity and Accuracy of Clinical Diagnostic Tests Used to Detect Labral Pathology of the Hip: A Systematic Review. Manual Therapy 16(4):318-26. JIF 2.237.

Luedtke K, Rushton A, Wright C, Jeurgens TP, Mueller G, May A (2011). Effectiveness of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in patients with chronic low back pain: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskeletal 12:290 doi:10.1186/1471-2474-12-290. JIF 1.94.

O’Conaire E, Rushton A, Wright C (2011). Assessment of vibration sense in a healthy population: a study to assess the inter-rater reliability and validity of the tuning fork, Manual Therapy 16(3):296-300. JIF 2.237.

Oliver G, Rushton A (2011). A study to explore the reliability and precision of intra and inter-rater measures of ULNT1 on an asymptomatic population, Manual Therapy. 16:203-206. JIF 2.237.

Rushton A (2011). An Exploration of the Construct of Masters Level Clinical Practice, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany. ISBN 978-3-8443-1173-0.

Rushton A, Lindsay G (2010). Defining the construct of masters level clinical practice in manipulative physiotherapy, Manual Therapy, 15: 93-99. JIF 2.237. 

Rushton A, Moore A (2010). International identification of research priorities for postgraduate theses in musculoskeletal physiotherapy using a modified Delphi technique, Manual Therapy, 15:142-148. JIF 2.237.

Expertise

Musculoskeletal physiotherapy; evidence based practice; decision making; clinical expertise; postgraduate development of physiotherapists in musculoskeletal physiotherapy; physiotherapy following whiplash and spinal surgery