Current Research Projects
Regeneration Economies: Transforming People, Place and Production (2013-2014) –Institute for Advanced Studies (Inaugural Theme) – University of Birmingham (with John Bryson)
The economic crisis that commenced in 2007 is associated with calls to rebalance the economy. This reflects political interest in economic restructuring to enhance competitiveness through diversity combined with localism. Academics have developed disciplinary approaches to understanding regional problems that require interdisciplinary solutions. Existing approaches are no longer appropriate for understanding cities that are experiencing an on-going process of economic regeneration. It is thus timely to develop new ways of conceptualising regional economies by drawing upon a comparative analysis of two city regions – Birmingham and Chicago. This approach will develop new policy interventions and will allow further comparisons with other places in Europe, America or China.
The Regeneration Economies theme includes three interrelated strands of activity:
The development of an integrated approach to understanding regional regeneration economies which will be more holistic or less partial than existing conceptualisations.
Major developments in engineering will revolutionise production systems and will transform the functioning economic geography of regional economies and of the international economy in the near future. This strand will explore the consequences of these developments by developing a distinctive research dialogue between engineering and the social sciences.
The competitiveness of regional economies is increasingly reliant on the availability and quality of skills as well as the anticipation of future skills and training needs. This third strand explores the relationship between firms, regional competitiveness, skills and training.
Regeneration Economies in an Age of Uncertainty: Transformation, Innovation and Economic Growth funded by IAS-University of Birmingham (2012)
With John Bryson
These two workshops will explore the development of a new thematic approach to understanding change and transformation in ‘regeneration economies’. The economic downturn that commenced in 2008 is associated with a new focus on enhancing local economic development and on rebalancing local economies in an age of uncertainty. This notion of ‘balance’ reflects a new emphasis on manufacturing as a key driver of economic growth. The project’s rationale is to explore the development of a new set of approaches to understanding the transformation of local and regional economies that have experienced considerable turbulence. The development of our new concept of ‘regeneration economies’ has the potential to act as a distinctive framework for researching and understanding economic transformation in places like the West Midlands, Chicago and Randstad. A feature of these workshops is to consider the interactions between a set of local and global processes as they are being played out in regeneration economies. Workshop 1 will develop a research approach to exploring places through the conceptual lens of ‘regeneration economies’ that will be tested in Workshop 2.
The role of ‘persistent resilience’ within everyday life: communities coping with marginality – a cross-college pilot project funded by the University of Birmingham (2010-2011)
With John Round, Oleg Golubchikov, Chris Barber, Charlotte Ross, Isabelle Szmigin, Andrew Quinn, Anthony Beech & Mark Ryan.
Practitioners in emergency planning state that “resiliency is the ability of a social unit to withstand external shocks to its infrastructure” (National Academy Press, 2009). However, inadequately explored is how communities develop resilience to more mundane, everyday pressures. To fill this lacuna this project argues that community resilience does not only relate to how communities anticipate, prevent, react to major shocks but also how communities (particularly those at the margins of society for various economic, social and ideological reasons) deal with ongoing economic, social, cultural, political contextual challenges/pressure placed upon them by adopting various coping tactics. These tactics might be built thanks to volunteerism, social networks, the emergence of local leaders or other ‘bottom up’ initiatives. They lead to distinct patterns of evolution and integration of these communities within the wider society. This project argues that such resilience has been drawn upon for generations. Therefore, by exploring how communities develop persistent resilience the project will to demonstrate how such networks and tactics can be strengthened.
Internationalising higher education: urban development in Russia
(British Council) with John Round, Oleg Golubchikov & Irina Kuznetsova-Morenko
Given the high levels of urban growth, combined with mega events such as the Olympics and World Cup, there is a very high demand for the modernisation of urban development teaching in Russia. According to government officials, members of industry and academics, professionals in urban development in Russia urgently need training in the skills they currently lack, such as, for example, how to ensure broader industry, public participation and stakeholders’ involvement, prevent socio-spatial polarization, control urban sprawl, deliver sustainable and low-carbon built environments and overall create meaningful and well-integrated places, at the neighbourhood, city, and regional levels. Currently urban development teaching in Russia is spread across degrees and faculties and there is not an integrated approach. The project is based on a two way exchange of ideas, concepts, and best practice between the Russian (Kazan) and British (Birmingham) partners.
Mega-Events and Regional Development
Co Regional Studies Research Network with Graeme Evans and Bas Van Heur
The aim of the research network is to situate mega-event led regeneration within regional studies and both to theorise the concept and transfer accumulating knowledge and develop methods of planning, impact evaluation and measurement of their effects over time. The network will also compare and contrast the ambitions and impacts of mega-events as regards to previous well assessed events (Barcelona 1992, Glasgow 1990 for example) and identify the different current patterns addressing such perspectives of regeneration and regional development (e.g. traditional challenges of deindustrialisation recovery for crisis cities / territories; desire to foster and sustain the growth strategy of a world city etc). The first seminar will consider mega-event led regeneration within regional studies in terms of renewed concepts, new theories and measurement at micro, meso and macro scales. The second seminar will look at policies and particularly assess mega-event led regeneration & planning and regional policies. The final seminar will draw some lessons from 25 years of mega-event regeneration and legacies and identify the new challenges for policy & practice and regional studies research.
Past Research Projects
Renouveler et recomposer les quartiers – a two year research project sponsored by the French ministry of planning – PUCA / Ministère de l’équipement
Développement urbain durable – Sustainable urban development – a series of international seminars sponsored by the UMR PACTE during three years
Alarm procedures and hazard mitigation in urban areas: linking hazard mitigation to sustainable development – a one year project undertaken in the UMR PACTE
Key Publications since 2006
Andres L., Chapain C., 2013, Creative systems, in Bryson J.R and Daniels P.W (dd. Dir) The Handbook of Service Business, Edward Elgar,Cheltenham [forthcoming]
Andres L.2012, Differential spaces, power-hierarchy and collaborative planning: a critique of the role of temporary uses in shaping and making places, Urban Studies, Published online before print August 13, 2012, doi: 10.1177/0042098012455719
Andres L., 2012, Being a creator in a city of transition: Clusterisation, entrepreneurism and local transformations in Birmingham in J.J. Terrin (dd. Dir) La Ville des Créateurs, POPSU, Paris, pp. 52-71
Andres L., 2012, Spaces of creation and creators’ profiles in a city of Culture, Lausanne, in J.J. Terrin (dd. Dir) La Ville des Créateurs, POPSU, Paris, pp. 74-89
Andres L., Chapain C., 2012, The integration of cultural and creative industries into local and regional development strategies in Birmingham and Marseille: Towards a more inclusive governance?, Regional Studies, Published online before print February 01, 2012, DOI:10.1080/00343404.2011.644531
Andres, L., 2012, Levels of governance and multi-stage policy process of brownfield regeneration: a comparison of France and Switzerland, International Planning Studies, 17(1), p. 23–43
Andres L., 2012, Cultural and creative economies in urban development. A critical overview. In Kuznetsova-Morenko, I.B & Round J. (eds.) New challenges of urban development: global and local. Kazan University Publishing, Kazan
Andres, L., Gresillon, B., 2011, Cultural brownfields in European cities: a new mainstream object for cultural and urban policies, The International Journal of Cultural Policy, Published online before print October 18, 2011, DOI:10.1080/10286632.2011.625416
Zepf, M., Andres L., 2011, Les enjeux de la planification territoriale en Europe : approche comparée France-Grande Bretagne-Allemagne-Italie, PPUR, Lausanne.
Andres L., 2011, Alternative initiatives, cultural intermediaries and urban regeneration: the case of La Friche (Marseille), European Planning Studies, 19(5), pp. 795-811
Andres L., & Gresillon B., 2011, Les figures de la friche dans les villes culturelles et créatives. Regards croisés européens, L’Espace Géographique, 1, pp. 15-30
Andres L., 2011, Marseille 2013 or the final round of a long and complex regeneration strategy? Town Planning Review, 82(1), pp. 61-76
Andres L., 2011, Les usages temporaires des friches urbaines, enjeux pour l’aménagement, Métropolitiques, 11 mai 2011. URL :
Andres L., & Bochet B., 2010, Ville durable, ville mutable : quelle convergence en France et en Suisse ?, Revue d’Economie Régionale et Urbaine, 4, pp.729-746
Andres L., 2010, Friches et mutabilité précursive. Retour d’expériences franco-helvétique sur le rôle des acteurs transitoires dans la reconquête culturelle de territoire délaissés, Méditerranée (Journal of Mediterranean geography), 114, pp. 51-64
Duarte, P., Ambrosino, C., Andres L., Seigneuret, N., 2010, Des projets de renouvellement urbain de quartiers : représentations, traductions et légitimités des démolitions, L'Harmattan, Paris.
Andres L., 2009, La ville mutable. Le cas de la friche de la Belle de Mai (Marseille), Faire Savoirs, pp 111-120
Andres L., 2009, La ville face aux incessants changements de ses formes et de ses fonctions : la mutabilité comme constitutive du fait urbain in Rosboch M., Bertrand G. (Eds.), Le dinamiche del cambiamento. Cultura, cittadinanza, economia nelle regioni alpine occidentali tra età moderna e globalizzazione, Libreria Stampatori, Turin, pp 51-66
Janin C., Andres L., 2008 La friche : une ressource pour révéler la capacité d’une société à gérer les changements », Annales de Géographie, 663, pp. 62-81
Ambrosino C., Andres L., 2008, Friches en ville : du temps de veille aux politiques de l’espace. Acteurs informels, planification et mutabilité urbaine dans le quartier Berriat à Grenoble, Espaces et Société, 134, pp 37-51
Andres L., 2008, Les friches urbaines : entre chancre et chance, éphémère et pérennité, in Vallat C. (Eds.), Pérennité urbaine ou la ville par-delà ses métamorphoses, Volume3, L’Harmattan, Paris, pp 95-108
Andres L., Strappazzon, G., 2007, Natural hazard management and sustainable development: a questionable link, Revue de Géographie Alpine, 95(2), pp. 40-50
Andres L., Faraco B., 2007, Territorialisation et appropriation des normes du développement durable. Agenda 21 locaux : vers un modèle explicatif des différenciations in Faure A. et Negrier E. (Eds.), Critiques de la territorialisation. Les politiques publiques à l’épreuve de l’action locale, L’Harmattan, Paris, pp. 133-139
Ambrosino C., Andres L., 2007, Les clusters culturels et la mutabilité urbaine : un regard franco-britannique in Leriche F. (Eds.) L’économie culturelle et ses territoires, Presses Universitaires du Mirail, Toulouse, pp. 305-316
Andres L., 2007, Action publique et population locale à l’épreuve des trajectoires de mutabilité des friches urbaines : Les cas du Flon à Lausanne et de la Belle de Mai à Marseille, in Bouquet B. (Eds.), Territoires et action sociale, L’Harmattan, Paris, pp. 225-244
Andres L., 2006, Temps de veille de la friche urbaine et diversité des processus d’appropriation : La Belle de Mai (Marseille) et le Flon (Lausanne), Géocarrefour, 81, pp. 159-166