Current / Recent Research
Current research focuses on elucidating conodont oxygen isotopes ultimately for seawater palaeotemperature and palaeoclimate reconstruction (with Prof. Paul Smith and Dr Ian Boomer). The NERC ion microprobe at the University of Edinburgh is being used to measure oxygen isotopes of individual conodont elements and bulk silverphosphate samples are processed through Birmingham’s isotope facility (SILLA). Further oxygen isotope work on vertebrate hard tissues is being undertaking in co-operation with Birmingham’s Sea Life centre (with Dr Ivan Sansom).
10. Sansom, I.J. and Wheeley, J.R. 2013 Oxygen isotopes in vertebrates: correlating between calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate. NERC Ion Microprobe Facility IMF497/1013 (£12,500)
9. Sansom, I.J. and Wheeley, J.R. 2012. Oxygen isotopes in shark teeth: testing for intra-tooth variability and the impact of processing methods. NERC Ion Microprobe Facility IMF470/1012 (£11,250).
8. Smith, M.P., Wheeley, J.R. and Boomer, I. 2011. Constraining conodont δ18O for marine palaeothermometry. NERC IMF414/1010 (Graded Alpha-4) (~£22,500).
7. Žigaitė, Ž. and Sansom, I.J., Wheeley, J.R., Boomer, I., Smith, M.P. 2011. VISE: Vertebrate Isotopes and the Environment. Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship for Zivile Zigaite. (£148,924)
6. Wheeley, J.R. 2010. Deciphering Paleozoic paleoenvironmental changes using stable and radiogenic isotope proxies. GEES conference fund for attending and organising a technical session at The Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America, Denver, Colorado, 2010 (£1,600)
5. Wheeley, J.R. 2010. Nitrogen and organic carbon isotopes for conodont palaeoecology. The Palaeontological Association Research Grant (£3,500).
4. Wheeley, J.R. and Smith, M.P. 2010. Nitrogen and organic carbon isotopes in early vertebrate hard tissues – elucidating the trophic position and life modes of vertebrates in Ordovician ecosystems. Royal Society Research Grant (£14,015).
3. Wheeley, J.R., Smith, M.P. and Boomer, I. 2009. Oxygen isotopes from conodont phosphate. NERC Isotope Geoscience Laboratories (NIGL) (~£500 in kind from NIGL).
2. Wheeley, J.R. and Braga, J.C. 2008. Early diagenetic aragonite dissolution in Neogene carbonates, SE Spain. Royal Society Outgoing International Short Visit, University of Granada, Spain (£990).
1. Smith, M.P., Wheeley, J.R., Boomer, I. 2008. Conodonts as palaeotemperature indicators in Palaeozoic oceans? A proof-of-concept study. NERC IMF333/0508 (Graded Alpha-4) (~£6,250).
Research Cluster / Group Affiliation
Carbonate sedimentology and diagenesis
Conodont isotope records
Early Palaeozoic climate change/palaeoceanography
Permian-Triassic mass extinction and biotic recovery and climates
Trace fossils and trilobite autecology
12. Cherns, L. Wheeley, J.R., Popov, L.E. Ghobadi Pour, M. Owens, R.M. and Hemsley, A.R. 2013. Long period orbital climate forcing in the early Palaeozoic? Journal of the Geological Society, London, 170, 707-710.
11. Price, G.D., Twitchett, R.J., Wheeley, J.R. & Buono, G. 2013. Isotopic evidence for long term warmth in the Mesozoic. Scientific Reports 3, 1438; DOI:10.1038/srep01438
10. Wheeley, J.R., Smith, M.P. and Boomer, I. 2012. Oxygen isotope variability in conodonts: implications for reconstructing Palaeozoic palaeoclimates and palaeoceanography. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 169, 239-250.
9. Hao Wang, Longyi Shao, Liming Hao, Pengfi Zhang, Glasspool, I.J., Wheeley, J.R., Wignall, P.B. and Hilton, J. 2011. Palaeoenvironments, stratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy of the Lopingian (Permian) coal measures in southwestern China. International Journal of Coal Geology 85, 168-183.
8. Cherns, L., Wheeley, J.R., and Wright, V.P. 2011. Taphonomic bias in shelly faunas through time: Early aragonite dissolution and its implications for the fossil record. In Allison, P.A. & Bottjer, D.J. (eds.) Taphonomy, Second Edition: Process and Bias Through Time. Topics in Geobiology 32. Springer, pp. 79-105.
7. Cherns, L. and Wheeley, J.R. 2009. Early Palaeozoic cooling events: peri-Gondwana and beyond. In Bassett, M.G. (ed.) Early Palaeozoic Peri-Gondwanan Terranes: New Insights from Tectonics and Biogeography. The Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 325, 256-278.
6. Cherns, L., Wheeley, J.R. and Wright, V.P. 2008. Taphonomic windows and molluscan preservation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 270, 220-229.
5. Wheeley, J.R., Cherns, L. and Wright, V.P.2008. Provenance of microcrystalline carbonate cement in limestone-marl alternations: Aragonite mud or molluscs? Journal of the Geological Society, London165, 395-403.
4. Cherns, L. and Wheeley, J.R. 2007. A pre-Hirnantian (Late Ordovician) interval of global cooling – The ‘Boda event’ re-assessed. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology251, 449-460.
3. Cherns, L.,* Wheeley, J.R.* and Karis, L. 2006. Tunneling trilobites: habitual infaunalism in an Ordovician carbonate seafloor. Geology 34, 657-660. (*joint first authors)
2. Wheeley, J.R. and Twitchett, R.J. 2005. Palaeoecological significance of a new Griesbachian (Early Triassic) gastropod fauna from Oman. Lethaia 38, 37-45.
1. Twitchett, R.J., Krystyn, L., Baud, A., Wheeley, J.R. and Richoz, S. 2004. Rapid marine recovery after the end-Permian extinction event in the absence of marine anoxia. Geology 32, 805-808.