Dr Carl Anthony BSc, PhD, CPhys, MIET, MInstP

Dr Carl Anthony

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Industrial Liaison Tutor

Contact details

Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Carl Anthony is a Lecturer within the Micro-engineering and Nano-technology Research Group situated in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He is also the Industrial Liason Tutor for the Department of Mechanical Engineering.

Carl has published 40 research papers, 27 in scientific journals and is co-author on 4 patents.

He has received first grant funding from EPSRC to investigate energy harvesting technology for powering in wheel tyre pressure sensors.

His research focus is Microsystems technologies and applications. With a focus on microsensors and the energy harvesting technologies required to power wireless microsensors. 


  • PhD in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Newcastle University, 2006
  • BSc(Hons) in Physics with Optoelectronics, University of Surrey, 1993


Carl Anthony received the B.Sc. degree in Physics with Optoelectronics from the University of Surrey in 1993 and the Ph.D. degree in Electronic Engineering from Newcastle University in 2006. He has over 17 years experience of scientific research and from 1993 to 2005 worked at the QinetiQ Malvern technology centre. Where his research focussed on the reliability of high temperature and high power electronic devices, uncooled thermal imaging technology and Microsystems.

Immediately prior to joining the University of Birmingham he was a CCD device development engineer at e2v technologies.

Carl joined the University of Birmingham in 2006 and initially worked as a research fellow investigating the effect of the Casimir force on Microsystems and developing non-linear coupled resonator arrays.

He is currently a lecturer in the MicroEngineering group in the School of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Birmingham. His research interests are in the field of Microsystems engineering; focused on coupled/nonlinear resonator systems, autonomous oscillators, energy harvesting for mobile/remote sensors, bio-MEMS tactile sensors and focused ion beam microfabrication techniques.

He is a member of the Institute of Physics and the Institute of Engineering Technology.


Teaching Programmes

  • Mechanical Engineering BEng
  • Mechanical Engineering MEng
  • Mechanical Engineering (Automotive) BEng
  • Mechanical Engineering (Automotive) MEng
  • Mechanical and Materials Engineering BEng
  • Mechanical and Materials Engineering MEng
  • Engineering Management MSc/Diploma/Certificate
  • Operations Management MSc/Diploma/Certificate
  • Project Management MSc/Diploma/Certificate

Postgraduate supervision

Carl is interested in supervising doctoral research students in the following areas:

  • Coupled/non-linear microresonators
  • Micro Energy harvesters
  • Micro-vacuum systems
  • Microsensors

If you are interested in studying any of these subject areas please contact Carl on the contact details above, or for any general doctoral research enquiries, please email: dr@contacts.bham.ac.uk or call +44(0)121 414 5005
For a full list of available Doctoral Research opportunities, please visit our Doctoral Research programme listings.


Research Themes
Microsystems engineering, Micro-Sensor arrays, Energy Harvesting, Focused Ion Beam microfabrication techniques.

The main emphasis of his work is in the field of resonant microsensors. This work has focused on the development of non-linear micro-resonator arrays to study the emergent collective behaviour predicted to occur in large coupled arrays. He is currently investigating the use of autonomous micro-impact oscillators to create large self driven 2D-coupled arrays. This resonant sensor focus has developed from his research at QinetiQ where he was part of a team developing an infrared thermal detector that utilised a temperature sensitive micro-resonator as the detection element.

He is also active in the area of bio-MEMS tactile sensors. He is part of a European consortium that are developing tactile sensors based on the integration of living cells with microsystems to measure the response of the cells to external stimuli.

Energy Harvesting
He is a member of the Energy Harvesting network and has a research interest in the powering of wireless remote sensors. In 2010 won an EPSRC first grant to investigate the development of a novel battery-less clockwork energy harvesting solution for powering in-wheel tyre pressure sensors.

Focused Ion Beam Microfabrication
He has also been involved over the last 4 years in the use of Focused Ion Beam as a tool for microfabrication. He is currently supervising a PhD student to investigate the effect of damage created by the ion bombardment of the sample on the dynamic properties of micro-resonators.


  • Anthony, C.J., Torricelli, G, Prewett, P.D., Cheneler, D., Binns, C, Sabouri, A, (2011), Effect of focused ion beam milling on microcantilever loss, accepted for publication in Journal of MicroMechanics and MicroEngineering.
  • H.B. Muhammad, C.M. Oddo, L. Beccai, C. Recchiuto, C.J. Anthony, M. J. Adams, M.C. Carrozza, D.W.L. Hukins, M.C.L. Ward, (2011), Development of a Bioinspired MEMS based Capacitive Tactile Sensor for a Robotic Finger, accepted for publication in Sensors & Actuators: A. Physical.
  • A. Mohammadkhani, M. Malboubi, C. Anthony, and K. Jiang, (2011), Characterization of Surface Properties of Ordered Nanostructures Using SEM Stereoscopic Technique, accepted for publication in MicroElectronic Engineering
  • H.B. Muhammad, C. Recchiuto, C.M. Oddo, L. Beccai, C.J. Anthony, M. J. Adams, M.C. Carrozza, M.C.L. Ward, (2011), A MEMS tactile sensor array for texture recognition, accepted for publication in MicroElectronic Engineering
  • Chitsaz Charandabi S, Prewett P D, Hamlett C A, Anthony C J, Preece J, (2011), Torsional Micro Paddle Resonator for Rapid Detection of Bio-warfare agents, accepted for publication in MicroElectronic Engineering
  • Choubey, B., Anthony, C., Saad, N.H., Ward, M., Turnbull, R. and Collins, S. (2010) Characterization of coupled micro/nanoresonators using inverse eigenvalue analysis. Applied Physics Letters, 97 (13). p. 133114.
  • C. Anthony, R. Turnbull, X. Wei, M. Ward, S.Collins, (2010), Fabrication and quality factor control of a microelectromechanical system resonator with linear differential drive, IET Sci. Meas. Technol., Vol. 4, Iss. 4, pp. 206–213
  • N H Saad, R K. Al-Dadah, C J Anthony, M C L Ward, (2009) Analysis of MEMS mechanical spring for coupling multimodal micro resonators sensor, Microelectronic Engineering 86: 1190–1193
  • C J Anthony, P D Prewett, K C Jiang, M C L Ward and P T Docker, (2008), Study of Focused Ion Beam Microfabrication in Foturan™ Photosensitive Glass, CURRENT THEMES IN ENGINEERING SCIENCE 2007 Volume: 1045 Pages: 91-100 (World Congress on Engineering 2007), published by American Institute of Physics (AIP) in 2008
  • P D Prewett, C J Anthony, D Cheneler and M C L Ward,(2008), Stress induced curvature of FIB fabricated microcantilevers, MICRO & NANO LETTERS 3(1), pp25-28, 2008
  • C J Anthony, J Bowen, G Torricelli, E L Carter, M C L Ward and C Binns, (2008), AFM Characterisation of SOI Push-in Plates for Casimir Force Measurements, MICRO & NANO LETTERS 3(1) pp7-11, 2008
  • C J Anthony, P Docker, P Prewett and K Jiang, (2007), Focused ion beam microfabrication in Foturan photosensitive Glass, J. Micromech. Microeng. 17: 115-9
  • Huang, Z; Donohue, PP; Zhang, Q; Williams, DJ; Anthony, CJ; Whatmore, RW; Todd, MA, “Comparative microstructure and electrical property studies of lead scandium tantalate thin films as prepared by LDCVD, sol-gel and sputtering techniques”, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS, 36 (3): 270-279 FEB 7 2003
  • Anthony, CJ; Todd, MA; Donohue, PP; Harper, MAC; Huang, Z; Jones, JC, (2002), High performance PST thin films on polysilicon sacrificial layers for uncooled IR detectors”, INTEGRATED FERROELECTRICS, 49: 233-243
  • Donohue, PP; Todd, MA; Anthony, CJ; Brown, AG; Harper, MAC; Watton, R, (2001), High temperature processing of ferroelectric thin films using interconnect wafer technology, INTEGRATED FERROELECTRICS, 41 (1-4): 1677-1686
  • Anthony, CJ; Uren, MJ, (1999), Effect of post oxidation processing on dry oxides on N-type 4H-SiC, MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING, 48 (1-4): 249-252 
  • Anthony, CJ; Jones, AJ; Uren, MJ, (1999), Quality and reliability of wet and dry oxides on n-type 4H-SiC, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING B-SOLID STATE MATERIALS FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY, 61-2: 460-463
  • Anthony, CJ; Pidduck, AJ; Uren, MJ, (1998), Surface morphology improvement of SiC epitaxy by sacrificial oxidation, MATERIALS SCIENCE FORUM, 264-268: 367-370,
  • Uren, MJ; Nayar, V; Brunson, KM; Anthony, CJ; Stathis, JH; Cartier, E, (1998), Interface state capture cross section measurements on vacuum annealed and radiation damaged Si:SiO2 surfaces, JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, 145 (2): 683-689
  • Anthony, CJ; Uren, MJ; Nayar, V, (1996), Radiation hardness of N2O grown oxynitrides assessed using the conductance technique, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 69 (14): 2104-2106
  • Anthony, CJ; Kelly, MJ, (1994), The effect of cross-section on the electron-states in quantum-wire lasers, SEMICONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 9 (1): 35-40