The module will develop themes begun in the Level C module "War, Armed Forces and Society". The first part of the module begins with 'The Conditions of War on Land in the 17th Century'. The second part deals with 'War and Absolutism'. The main themes will be: war in the colonies; European trading empires and India; Europe in Latin America and the Caribbean; ascendant forces of nationhood and the concept of a balance of power; war against the Turk, the Hapsburg borders and Russian expansion. The third part deals with 'The Experience of War in the Age of Reason', including the wars of the American and French Revolutions; the module will conclude with an assessment of the impact of 'Warfare in the Age of Napoleon'.