This module explores the history of ethnic minorities and their presence within Britain from 1700 to the present. The module will focus explicity on the history of Jewish people, the Irish, other European migants such as Italians, Germans, Poles and Serbs, African Caribbeans and Asians. The refugee experience will provide a particular focus. The module will examine a number of themes to interpret the presence of ethnic minorities between 1700 and 1914 in semester 1 and from 1914 to the present in semester 2. These themes include reasons for both forced and economic migration, areas of settlement in Britain, individual and collective experiences, including the formation of communities, hostility, assimilation and integration and the significance of relevant legislation. The module also considers how minorities have affected the urban landscape and influenced economic and social life. Case studies are taken from throughout Britain, including London and the West Midlands and attention is paid to relevant primary materials as well as secondary sources.