This module will examine the development of a national cinema from the end of the Spanish Civil War to the present day. It will trace the development of the Spanish film industry under the censorship imposed by Franco's dictatorial regime and later in the context of the freedom established with the transition to a democracy. While each film will be studied within its local context, the module will have two main points of focus: 1) the relationship between the films and their socio-political context and 2) Spanish cinema and the exploration of identity. In the first of these, attention will be paid to the counter-narratives produced as resistance to the ideology of the Franco regime and, in the later films, to the exploration of new social relationships and attitudes towards subjectivity and gender. Under the general heading of identity, three main areas will be highlighted for particula analysis: national identity, the re-evaluation of history, and gender and sexuality.