This module covers Great Power Intervention in the Spanish Civil War, including Britain, France, Germany, Italy and the USSR. It situates British and French intervention within the broader context of the policy of appeasement, and considers to what extent these two countries' policies were determined by the priority of containing Germany and Italy. Soviet intervention is explored in the context of new data and interpretations which have arisen from the opening of ex-Soviet archives and the publication of primary sources. German and Italian intervention are contrasted, and the extent to which the consolidation of the Axis was promoted by their co-operation in Spain is explored. The module investigates how the historical interpretation of these countries' actions and motives has changed from the 1930s to the present.