This module will focus on the core issues of what our society, and more specifically our criminal justice system, understands by `crime¿ and `anti-social behaviour¿. It will consider what is and is not defined as crime or ASB, why this is so, and what the sources of knowledge are about crime/ASB as a social problem. It will examine how we understand and explain `criminality¿ ¿ i.e. who is viewed as responsible for committing crime and why they do it. This will involve a brief overview of theories of crime and their implications for policy and practice. The module will look at the origins, development and scope of `community safety¿ as a specific response to crime and the development of specialist services to address issues of anti-social behaviour as a relatively new and still evolving field of policy and practice.