The object of study is four key periods in the evolution of European culture from the Middle Ages to the present. In each period there will be detailed study of a representative text or texts. The texts will be selected from different periods, different cultures (principally French, German, Iberian and Italian) and from various literary genres (such as epic poetry, drama, novel, short fiction). The prescribed texts may vary from year to year. The lectures will be given by staff with relevant expertise in the period, culture and genre. Study will be based on English translations of prescribed texts, and tuition is in English.