Semester 1 provides an introduction to some of the key moments which have marked French history since the 1789 Revolution. The study of these episodes of historical importance places an emphasis on an underlying, but constantly challenged, republican tradition underpinning contemporary France. In the second semester, the theme of French national identity is examined more closely in a European and international context. Lectures and seminars examine the ways in which this identity has been constructed and the ways in which it has been maintained. All teaching is in French.