Sir Peter Brian Medawar 1915–1987
Awarded the Nobel Prize (jointly) in Physiology or Medicine 1960
Mason Professor of Zoology
A pioneer of transplant research
Developed theories of ageing
Known mostly for his work on tissue grafting, the basis of organ transplants, and discovering acquired immunological tolerance, Sir Peter Medawar –
Studied Biology at Oxford University and stayed on to take up Zoology
Worked in a number of positions at different colleges, including working on wound and burn healing during the Second World War
Joined Birmingham in 1947 as Mason Professor of Zoology
Became the Director of the National Institute for Medical Research
Sir Peter’s research was around tissue culture and why skin from one human being will not form a permanent graft on the skin of another person. He spent many years researching and analysing this phenomenon of tolerance and transplantation immunity.
His work on the subject led him to being elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society, which awarded him the Royal Medal in 1959. In the same year, he was Reith Lecturer for the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
He was also elected a Foreign Member of the New York Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society.