Menkes’ kinky hair syndrome
Also raised in chronic active liver disease, pregnancy, leukaemia, post trauma, infectious diseases and after myocardial infarction.
Recurrent miscarriages and arterial and venous thrombosis
C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
Low CRP: Viral infection/AI disease
Medium CRP: Bacterial infection
High CRP: Major bacterial infection:
CSF pigments (scan) - Xanthochromia
Subarachnoid haemorrhage in CAT scan negative patients.
CSF Tau protein (asialo-transferrin)
Cerebrospinal rhinorrhoea (nasal, abscess, ear etc)
Complement C3 and C4
Monitoring SLE & immune complex disease.
C1q complement component
C1 (esterase) Inhibitor
Hereditary & acquired angioedema
C3d complement component
Activation of the complement cascade
C3 Nephritic factor
Associated with type II MPGN and also with partial lipodystrophy.
Complement function Classical pathway (CH50)
Assessment of the integrity of the classical pathway of complement
Complement function Alternative pathway
Assessment of the integrity of the alternative pathway of complement and the terminal sequence (C3-C9) components.
Waldenströms macroglobulinaemia, myeloma or lymphoma
Cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies
Rheumatoid arthritis - may be detected years before onset of clinical RA
Back to top "C"