FENAC Reports and Publications

Annual reports



Beddow, J., Stolpe, B., Cole, P.A., Lead, J. R., Sapp, M., Lyons, B. P., Colbeck, I. and Whitby, C., (2016).  Nanosilver inhibits nitrification and reduces ammonia-oxidising bacterial but not archaeal amoA gene abundance in estuarine sediments.  Environmental Microbiolog., doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.13441. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

Laycock, A., Diez-Ortiz. M., Larner, F., Dybowska, A., Spurgeon, D., Valsami-Jones. E., Rehkamper, M. and Svendsen, C., ‘Earthworm Uptake Routes and Rates of Ionic Zn and ZnO Nanoparticles at Realistic Concentrations, Traced Using Stable Isotope Labeling’, Environ. Sci. Technol., (2016) 50 (1) 412–419.

Whitwell, H., Mackay, R-M., Elgy, C. N. Morgan, C., Griffiths, M., Clark, H., Skipp, P., and Madsen, J. (2016).  Nanoparticles in the lung and their protein corona:  the few proteins that count.  Nanotoxicology, 10(9) 1385-1394

Dogra Y, Arkill KP, Elgy C., Stolpe B, Lead J, Valsami-Jones E, Tyler CR, and Galloway TS. (2016). Cerium oxide nanoparticles induce oxidative stress in the sediment-dwelling amphipod Corophium volutator. Nanotoxicology 10(4) 480-7

Dong F, Valsami-Jones E, Kreft J, (2016). New, rapid method to measure dissolved silver concentration in silver nanoparticle suspensions by aggregation combined with centrifugation. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 18 (9) 259-271


Acero, P., Hudson-Edwards, K.A., Gale, J.D. (2015) Influence of pH and temperature on alunite dissolution: Rates, products and insights on mechanisms from atomistic simulation. Chemical Geology, 419, 1-9. 

Echavarri-Bravo, V., Paterson, L., Aspray, T. J., Porter, J. S., Winson, M. K., Thornton, B. and Hartl, M. G. J. (2015). Shifts in the metabolic function of a benthic estuarine microbial community following a single pulse of silver nanoparticle exposure. Environmental Pollution 201, 91-99. 

Laycock, A., Coles, B., Kreissig, K. & Rehkämper, M. (2015). High precision 142Ce/140Ce stable isotope measurements of purified materials with a focus on CeO2 nanoparticles. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, June 2015 (online publication RSC) 

Laycock, A.,  Diez-Ortiz. M., Larner, F., Dybowska, A., Spurgeon, D., Valsami-Jones. E., Rehkamper, M. and Svendsen, C., ‘Earthworm Uptake Routes and Rates of Ionic Zn and ZnO Nanoparticles at Realistic Concentrations, Traced Using Stable Isotope Labeling’, Environ. Sci. Technol., (2016) 50 (1) 412–419 

McKenzie, Z., Kendall, M., Mackay, R-M., et al. (2015) Surfactant protein A (SP-A) inhibits agglomeration and macrophage uptake of toxic amine modified nanoparticles. Nanotoxicology (2015) 9(8) 952-62. 

Dogra, Y.,  Arkill, K. P., Elgy, C., Stolpe, B.,  Lead, J.R., Valsami-Jones, E., Tyler, C.R., Galloway, T.S.. Cerium oxide nanoparticles induce oxidative stress in the sediment-dwelling amphipod Corophium volutator. Nanotoxicology, (2015) 10:1-8.

Cross,  R.K., Tyler,  C., Galloway, T.S. (2015) Transformations that affect fate, form and bioavailability of inorganic nanoparticles in aquatic sediments. Environmental Chemistry  12 627-642

Goodhead RM, Johnston BD, Cole PA, Baalousha M, Hodgson D, Iguchi T, Lead JR, Tyler CR. (2015)  Does natural organic matter increase the bioavailability of cerium dioxide nanoparticles to fish? Environmental Chemistry Volume 12 (Issue 6) Pages 673-682

Song L, Vijver MG, Peijnenburg WJ, Galloway TS, Tyler CR. (2015) A comparative analysis on the in vivo toxicity of copper nanoparticles in three species of freshwater fish. Chemosphere. 2015 139:181-9.

Jennings, V., Goodhead, R.M., Tyler CR (2015). Book chapter:  Ecotoxicology of Nanomaterials in aquatic systems; in Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media. Editors Lead, J.R., and Baalousha, M.A.  Frontiers of Nanoscience. May 2015

Valsami-Jones, E., Lynch, I. (2015) How safe are nanomaterials? Science 350 (6259), 388-389. 

Kalman, J., Paul, K.B., Khan, F.R., Stone, V. & Fernandes, T.F. (2015) Characterisation of bioaccumulation dynamics of three differently coated silver nanoparticles and aqueous silver in a simple freshwater food chain. Environmental Chemistry, 12(6) 662-672. 

Khan, F. R., Paul, K. B., Dybowska, A. D., Valsami-Jones, E., Lead, J. R., Stone, V. & Fernandes, T. F. (2015) Accumulation dynamics and acute toxicity of silver nanoparticles to Daphnia magna and Lumbriculus variegatus: Implications for metal modelling approaches. Environ Sci Technol., 49(7), 4389-97.                                          

O'Rourke, S. A., Stone, V., Stolpe, B. & Fernandes, T. F. (2015) Assessing the acute hazards of zinc oxide nanomaterials to Lumbriculus variegatus. Ecotoxicology. 24(6), 1372-1384.            


Laycock, B. Stolpe, I. Römer, A. Dybowska, E. Valsami-Jones, J.R. Lead, M. Rehkämper, (2014) Synthesis and characterization of isotopically labeled silver nanoparticles for tracing studies. Environmental Science: Nano, 1, 271-283.

S. Handley-Sidhu, J.A. Hriljac, M.O. Cuthbert, J.C. Renshaw, R.A. Pattrick, J.M. Charnock, B. Stolpe, J.R. Lead, S. Baker, L.E. Macaskie. (2014) Bacterially produced calcium phosphate nanobiominerals: sorption capacity, site preferences, and stability of captured radionuclides. Environ Sci Technol. Jun 17;48(12):6891-8.

J. Beddow, B. Stolpe, P.Cole, J. R. Lead, M. Sapp, B. P. Lyons, I. Colbeck, C. Whitby (2014). Effects of engineered silver nanoparticles on the growth and activity of ecologically important microbes Environmental Microbiology Reports, 6, 448-458.

J. Beddow, B. Stölpe, P.A. Cole, J.R. Lead, M. Sapp, B.P. Lyons, B. McKew, M. Steinke, F. Benyahia, I. Colbeck and C. Whitby. (2014) ‘Estuarine sediment hydrocarbon-degrading microbial communities demonstrate resilience to nanosilver’ International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 96, 206-215

E. Kadar, M. Cunliffe, A. Fisher, B. Stolpe, J.R. Lead, Z. Shi (2014). Chemical interaction of atmospheric mineral dust-derived nanoparticles with natural seawater - EPS and sunlight-mediated changes. Science of the Total Environment, 468-469, 265-271

E. Kadar, A. Fisher, B. Stolpe, S. Calabrese J. Lead, E. Valsami-Jones, Z. Shi (2014). Colloidal stability of nanoparticles derived from simulated cloud-processed mineral dusts. Science of the Total Environment 466-467, 864-870

M-N Croteau,  A D Dybowska, S N Luoma, S K Misra, E Valsami-Jones (2014) Isotopically modified silver nanoparticles to assess nanosilver bioavailability and toxicity at environmentally relevant exposures.  Environ. Chem. 11(3) 247-256


F.R. Khan,  A. Laycock, A. Dybowska,  F. Larner, B.D. Smith, P. S. Rainbow, S. N. Luoma, M. Rehkämper, and E. Valsami-Jones. Stable Isotope Tracer To Determine Uptake and Efflux Dynamics of ZnO Nano- and Bulk Particles and Dissolved Zn to an Estuarine Snail. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47 (15),  8532–8539. 

O. Osborne,  B. Johnston, J. Moger, M.A. Baalousha, J.R. Lead, T. Kudoh, C. Tyler (2013). Effects of particle size and coating on nanoscale Ag and TiO2 exposure in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. Nanotoxicology 7, 1315-1324. 

M.  Baalousha and J. R. Lead  (2013) .Nanoparticle Dispersity in Toxicology. Nature Nanotechnology 8308-309. 

D.J. Lapworth, B. Stolpe, P. J. Williams, D. C. Gooddy, J. R. Lead (2013). Characterization of suboxic groundwater colloids using a multi-method approach. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 2554-2561. 

M.E. Pettitt and J.R Lead (2013).Minimum physicochemical characterization requirements for nanomaterial regulation. Environment International, 52, 41-50. 

A. Hartland,   J. R. Lead, V. I.  Slaveykova, D. O'Carroll, E. Valsami-Jones,  (2013) The Environmental Significance of Natural Nanoparticles. Nature Education Knowledge 4(8):7. 

I.Mahapatra, J. R. A. Clark, P. Dobson, R.J. Owen, J. R. Lead (2013). Potential environmental implications of nano-enabled medical applications. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 15, 123-144. 


Hartland, I. J. Fairchild, J. R. Lead, A. Borsato, A. Baker, S. Frisia, M. A. Baalousha (2012). From soil to cave: NOM-facilitated transport of trace metals in speleothem- forming dripwaters. Chemical Geology, 304, 68-82. 

G. V. Lowry, K. B. Gregory, S. C. Apte, and J. R. Lead (2012). Guest Comment: Transformations of Nanomaterials in the Environment Focus Issue. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 6891-6892. 

G. V. Lowry, K. B. Gregory, S. C. Apte, and J. R. Lead (2012). Transformations of nanomaterials in the environment. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 6893-6899. 

M. Baalousha and J. R. Lead (2012). Rationalizing nanoparticle sizes measured by AFM, FlFFF and DLS: sample preparation, polydispersity and particle structure. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 6134-6142.

F. Larner, Y. Dogra, A. Dybowska, J. Fabrega, B. Stolpe, L.J. Bridgestock, R. Goodhead, D.J. Weiss, J. Moger, J.R. Lead, E. Valsami-Jones, C.R. Tyler, T.S. Galloway, M. Rehkämper (2012). Tracing bioavailability of ZnO nanoparticles using stable isotope labelling. Environmental Science & Technology, 46, 12137-12145.

E. Kadar, A. Fisher, B. Stolpe, R. M. Harrison, F. Parello, J. Lead (2012). Metallic nanoparticle enrichment at low temperature, shallow CO2 seeps in Southern Italy. Marine Chemistry, 140-141, 24-32.

S. N. Al-Subiai, V. M. Arlt, P. E. Frickers, J. W. Readman, B. Stolpe, J. R. Lead, A. J. Moody, A. N. Jha (2012). Merging nano-genotoxicology with eco-genotoxicology: An integrated approach to determine interactive genotoxic and sub-lethal toxic effects of C60 fullerenes and fluoranthene in marine mussels, Mytilus sp.Mutation Research, 745, 92-103.

J. Fabrega, R. Tantra, A. Amer, B. Stolpe, J. Tomkins, T. Fry, J. R. Lead, C. R. Tyler, T. S. Galloway (2012). Sequestration of zinc from zinc oxide nanoparticles and life cycle effects in the sediment dweller amphippod Corophium volutator. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 1128-1135.

M. Baalousha, Y. Ju-Nam, P. A. Cole, B. Gaiser, T. F. Fernandes, J. A. Hriljac, M. A. Jepson, V. Stone, C. R. Tyler, J. R. Lead (2012). Characterisation of cerium oxide nanoparticles – Part 1: Size measurements. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31(5), 983-993.

M. Baalousha, Y. Ju-Nam, P.A. Cole, J. A. Hriljac, I P. Jones, C.R. Tyler, V. Stone, T.F. Fernandes, M.A. Jepson, J.R. Lead (2012). Characterisation of cerium oxide nanoparticles – Part 2: Nonsize measurements. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31, 5, 994-1003.


S. Handley-Sidhu, J.C. Renshaw, S. Moriyama, B. Stolpe, C. Mennan, S. Bagheriasl, P. Yong, A. Stamboulis, M. Paterson-Beedle, K. Sasaki, R.A.D. Pattrick, J.R. Lead, L. E. Macaskie (2011). Uptake of Sr2+ and Co2+ into biogenic hydroxyapatite: Implications for biomineral ion exchange synthesis. Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 6985-6990.

B. K. Gaiser, T. F. Fernandes, M. A. Jepson, J. R. Lead, C. R. Tyler, M. Baalousha, A. Biswas, G. J. Britton, P. A. Cole, B. D. Johnston, Y. Ju-Nam, P. Rosenkranz, T. M. Scown, V. Stone (2011). Interspecies comparisons on the uptake and toxicity of silver and cerium dioxide nanoparticles. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31(1), 144-154.

B. K. Gaiser, A. Biswas, P. Rosenkranz, M. A. Jepson, J. R. Lead, V. Stone, C. R. Tyler, T. F. Fernandes (2011).  Effects of silver and cerium dioxide micro- and nano-sized particles on Daphnia magna. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 13, 1227-1235.

M.A. Baalousha, B. Stolpe, J. R. Lead (2011). Flow field-flow fractionation for the analysis and characterization of natural colloids and manufactured nanoparticles in environmental systems: A critical review. Journal of Chromatography A. 1218, 4078– 4103.


A. Hartland, I. J. Fairchild, J. R. Lead, A. D. Dominguiez-Villar, A. Baker, J. Gunn, M. Baalousha and Y. J-N. Nam (2010). The dripwaters and speleothems of Poole's Cavern: a review of recent and ongoing research. Cave and Karst Science, 36(2), 37-46.

T. M. Scown, E. Santos, B. D. Johnston, B. Gaiser, M. Baalousha, S. Mitov, J. R. Lead, V. Stone, T. F. Fernandes, M. Jepson, R. van Aerle and C. R. Tyler (2010). Effects of aqueous exposure to silver nanoparticles of different sizes in rainbow trout. Toxicological Sciences, 115 (2): 521-534.

Kadar, F. Simmance, O. Martin, N. Voulvoulis, S. Widdicombe, S. Mitov, J. R. Lead and J. W. Readman (2010).  The influence of engineered Fe2O3 nanoparticles and soluble (FeCl3) iron on the development toxicity caused by CO2-induced seawater acidification, Environmental Pollution. 158(12), 3490-3497.

B. D. Johnston, T. M. Scown, J. Moger, S. A. Cumberland, M. Baalousha, K. Linge, R. van Aerle, K. Yarvis, J. R. Lead and C. R. Tyler (2010). Bioavailability of nanoscale metal oxides TiO2, CeO2, and ZnO to fish. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 1144-1151.

T. M. Scown, R. Goodhead, B. D. Johnston, J. Moger, J. R. Lead, M. Baalousha, R. van Aerle, T. Iguchi and C. R. Tyler (2010). Assessment of cultured fish hepatocytes for studying cellular uptake and (eco)toxicity of nanoparticles. Environmental Chemistry, 7, 36-49.


R. F. Domingos, M. A. Baalousha, Y. Ju-Nam, M. M. Reid, N. Tufenkji, J. R. Lead, G. G. Leppard and K. J. Wilkinson (2009). Characterizing manufactured nanoparticles in the environment - multimethod determination of particle sizes. Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 7277-7284.

P. J. J. Alvarez, V. Colvin, J. Lead, V. Stone (2009). Research priorities to advance eco-responsible nanotechnology. ACS Nano, 3, 1616-1619.