The UK Flood Channel Facility (FCF) is a large scale national facility for undertaking experimental investigations of overbank flows in rivers. The FCF is 60m long by 10m wide and can be configured to suit any type of rigid or mobile channel under investigation. It was constructed in 1986 to enable engineers to understand the hydraulic processes involved in the flood flows of rivers at high stage. The FCF has been used for overbank flow studies on straight, meandering and free formed channels with floodplains, with either rigid or mobile boundaries. See Fig. below and pictures in each section of the experimental data.
The following two papers (and discussion) give the early background to the FCF and its programme of work.
29. Knight, D.W. and Sellin, R.H.J., 1987, The SERC Flood Channel Facility, Journal of theInstitution of Water and Environmental Management, Vol. 1, No. 2, October, 198-204.
37. Knight, D.W. and Shiono, K., 1990, Turbulence measurements in a shear layer region of a compound channel, Journal of Hydraulic Research, IAHR, Vol. 28, No. 2, 175-196, (Discussion in IAHR Journal, 1991, Vol. 29, No. 2, 259-276).
37b. (Discussion in IAHR Journal, 1991, Vol. 29, No. 2, 259-276 [Phases A-C explained].