The cold problem

The provision of cold, or cooling, is integral to modern society; without it, the supply of food, medicine and data would simply break down.

Cold is also vital for many other applications including air conditioning, super-critical technologies and freezing and powdering materials for recycling and easy disposal. Yet cooling currently consumes large amounts of energy and causes a great deal of pollution. 

Research at the Birmingham Centre for Energy Storage (BCES) at the University of Birmingham looks at the challenges for meeting the future demands to provide cold and power in both an environmentally and economically sustainable way, from the pure science to the logistics around scale and policy implications.