In 2012 the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded the Energy Storage Capital Grants call where fifteen institutions received funding across five consortia led by University of Birmingham (£5.9m), Imperial College (£14.3m), Loughborough University (£1.7m), University of Manchester (£3.3m), and University of Sheffield (£4.9m). Each consortium has been successful in winning further EPSRC grant funding through a variety of applications.