Global urbanisation is predicted to continue, with estimates that by 2030, 60 per cent of the world’s population will be living in cities. While cities can bring many benefits, as drivers of economic growth and by providing critical mass that enables services to be delivered efficiently, there are also challenges.
Diverse and interlocking forces acting on cities provide opportunity, but may also subject the population, or sections of it, to distress. The causes may be environmental, technological, economic, social or political, and act over timescales of days to decades. A more resilient city should allow responses to these forces that can improve the lives of its inhabitants or limit the negative impacts. At the Institute for Global Innovation, our researchers are focusing on how communities and individuals experience change or ‘shocks’. We are exploring the responses at different levels of analysis, for example individual, community, city and national, across multiple sub-systems and timescales.
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Strengthening the Weapons of the Weak: Informality, Urban Reforms and Sub-Sahara African Cities
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