IEL Working Papers

The Birmingham IEL Working Paper series provides a forum on European law and policy for papers delivered at conferences and events organised by the Institute of European Law and for papers delivered by IEL members at events outside the university.

2022 series:

Discussion paper titleAuthor(s)

A Legal Perspective on Nuclear Back-End Management in the Circular Economy

Colleen Mahlert (University of Birmingham)

The WTO Dispute Settlement System as a Forum for Climate Litigation?

Henok Asmelash (University of Birmingham)

2021 series:

Discussion paper titleAuthor(s)

The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement: an unfinished deal [pdf]

Wolfgang Weiß (German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer)

Sustainability in the public procurement chapters of third generation Free Trade Agreements of the European Union [pdf]

Martin Trybus (University of Birmingham)

2020 series:

Discussion paper titleAuthor(s)
2020-01 FTA Dispute Settlement Mechanisms – Alternative Fora for Trade Disputes: The Case of CETA and EUJEPA Cornelia Furculita
(German University of Administrative Sciences, Speyer)
2020-02 Regulatory Cooperation in EU FTAs: Characteristics of the Reestablished Practice Kornilia Pipidi Kalogirou
(German University of Administrative Sciences, Speyer)
2020-03 Fundamental Rights in the Institutional Architecture of EU Trade Agreements: A Tale of Omissions Isabella Mancini
(City, University of London)

2019 series



Discussion paper title


2019-01 The Working Language of the CJEU: Time for a Change? Professor Anthony Arnull
(University of Birmingham)
2019-02 Pork, Peace and Principles: the Relations between the EU and the Eurasian Economic Union Professor Rilka Dragneva-Lewers
(University of Birmingham)
2019-03 “Appellate Body Held Hostage”: Is Judicial Activism at Fair Trial? Dr Amrita Bahri
(Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México)

2018 series


Paper number

Discussion paper title


2018-01 Brexit and the Law School: Re-imagining EU Law Martin Trybus (editor)
(University of Birmingham)
2018-02 Enhanced cooperation - a suitable means to further integration? Robert Böttner
(University of Administrative Sciences, Speyer)
2018-03 Putting a price on human rights? A policy-based approach for the protection of human rights in Europe Stefanos Xenofontos
(University of Birmingham)
2018-04 The Roads to Reversing Brexit: Local and Transnational Constitutional Principles Robert Howse
(New York University)

2017 series


Paper number

Discussion paper title



Energy Governance in EU-Russia Energy Relations: Paving the Way Towards an Energy Union

Natasha A. Georgiou
(University of Reading) and
 Andrea Rocco (University of Birmingham)


Of the State of the (European) Union and of Trade Deals

Eleanor Sharpston,
Advocate General, Court of Justice of the European Union


Labour Standards and Mega-Regionals: Innovative Rule-Making or Sticking to the Boilerplate?

B. A. Melo Araujo
(Queen’s University Belfast)


Renewables, Investments, and State Aids: Exploring the Legal Side of Polycentricity 

Giuseppe Bellantuono
(University of Trento)


European Union Law and Public Procurement 

Martin Trybus
(University of Birmingham)

2016 series


Paper number

Discussion paper title



The Legal Foundations of a European Army

Professor Martin Trybus
(University of Birmingham)


(Re)inventing the Dublin System: Addressing Uniformity and Harmonization through Non-Refoulement Obligations

Jenny Poon
(Western University, Canada)


‘The ‘humanity’ of the secular legal subject’: Reading the European Court of Human Rights’ decisions over the practice of veiling’

Giorgia Baldi 
(Birkbeck, University of London)


Asymmetrical Sovereignty, European Integration, and the Grey Zone of European Union Politics

Dr Georgios Maris
(Neapolis University Pafos, Cyprus) and
Prof. Pantelis Sklias (University of the Peloponnese)


General principles of EU law as a passe-partout key within the constitutional edifice of the European Union: are the benefits worth the side effects?

Elena Gualco
(University of Genoa)


Is There a Tomorrow for the Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR)?

Tunjica Petrašević and Dunja Duić
(University of Osijek, Croatia)


The Banking Union: Agencies and the Lesson from the US

Luigi Lonardo
(King’s College London)


Enforcing compliance of the Rule of Law by the Member States of the EU: Emphasising the EU’s Failure?

Femke Gremmelprez
(Ghent University)


A ‘right to have rights’ in the EU public sphere? An Arendtian justification for the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Eleni Frantziou
(University of Westminster)


The Eurasian Economic Union: Balancing Sovereignty and Integration

Rilka Dragneva
(University of Birmingham)