Our University’s strategic goal is to deliver high quality ‘Research that Matters’ - excellent research that has broad and enduring impact, and is transformational well beyond the environment in which it is created. Through our research and its dissemination, we aim to enable transformational change that is of benefit to society, to business, the economy and the environment, in healthcare, culture and the creative industries, education, and policymaking – locally, nationally and globally.
We also place high value on research with far-reaching impact on our academic disciplines, and across disciplinary boundaries, transforming our paradigms and theories, our understanding, our methodologies, creating new fields of research and generating significant new knowledge. We expect our staff to publish and promote their research outputs in ways that ensure the new knowledge generated is widely disseminated, and that the quality and significance of the research outcomes are recognised, maximising the potential for impact. We are strongly committed to open research, where that is possible, as means to ensure the global reach of our research both within and beyond academia.
We are committed to assessing the quality of our research fairly and transparently and in line with the DORA principles, through:
- Assessing research outputs and other research contributions based on their intrinsic merit, highlighting that the scientific/intellectual content, and the impact (or potential impact) of that content, is what matters.
- Avoiding the use of the title or impact factor of the journal in which the work is published (or venue/route of publication for other types of output) as a proxy measure of quality; and never relying exclusively on metrics in research-output assessment, but supplementing these with expert peer opinion.
- Being explicit about the criteria used to evaluate the outputs and outcomes of the research contribution of our staff, and the evidence we will seek to include in the evaluation.
- Recognising the value of all relevant research outputs (such as articles, books, artistic outputs, patents, data sets, and software etc), as well as other types of contribution to the research environment/ecosystem, such as training early career researchers, leading open research initiatives, delivering high-quality research impact and policy influence, or delivering high-quality public engagement with research.
In addition, we recognise that our researchers may be impacted by a range of individual circumstances. Where we are aware of these circumstances, and consider them to be appropriate, we will take them into account when considering the researcher’s contribution to our research endeavour, recognising that such circumstances will have a range of possible impacts.
UoB is a signatory of the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA), which captures the principles outlined above.
The Declaration recognises the need to improve the ways in which research is assessed, and since its development in 2012, it has become a worldwide initiative covering all scholarly disciplines and all key stakeholders including funders, publishers, professional societies, academic institutions, and researchers.
Our commitment to DORA reflects the importance we place on inclusive and team-based research and team science, aligned to our wish to support and enhance the career opportunities of all our staff, at all stages in their careers.
As a University, as individual researchers, and as decision-makers:
- We will not use journal-based metrics (e.g. journal impact factors) as surrogate measures of the quality of individual research articles (or venue/route of publication more generally in relation to other types of output) when assessing an individual researcher’s contributions, including in recruitment, promotion or internal funding decisions.
- We will be explicit about the criteria we use to reach recruitment, probation, and promotion decisions, highlighting that the scientific/intellectual content of a paper is more important than publication metrics or the reputation of the journal or publisher/location of publication.
- We will consider the value and impact of all research outputs (including patents, datasets and software, and, in the arts and humanities, items such as compositions, exhibitions and practice research outputs).
- We will appropriately recognise knowledge generation and attribution through approaches that take specific disciplinary practices and authorship guidelines into account.
- We will use a diverse range of responsible and fair metrics and indicators on personal and supporting statements as evidence of the impact of our individual published articles and other research outputs.
- We will challenge research assessment practices that rely on journal impact factors or other location-based indicators of quality, and promote best practice that focuses on the value and influence of a diversity of research outputs and outcomes.
- We will be attentive to a broad range of impact measures, including both quantitative and qualitative indicators of research impact, such as commercialisation data, or influence on policy and practice, as well as other contributions to the research environment such as training early career researchers, good open research practices, or delivering high quality public engagement with research.
- We will ensure that personal circumstances impacting on an individual’s ability to deliver research outcomes are taken into account in our assessment processes, where these circumstances are known to us and considered to be appropriate.
- We will work to develop a culture in which a responsible approach to the assessment of research is the norm
Responsible and Fair Approaches to Research Assessment (RFARA) Task and Finish Group
In May 2020, the University established a RFARA Task and Finish Group to explore how we could best integrate responsible and fair metrics principles and practices into our research environment.
The Group is chaired by the Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research and Knowledge Transfer, who signed the Declaration on Research Assessment on behalf of the University. He is supported on the Group by academic colleagues drawn from all Colleges and representing different career stages and job responsibilities, and professional services staff drawn from HR, Library Services and Strategic Planning.
The action plan developed by the Group and this statement were approved by University Executive Board on 11 January 2021.
We have designated Elizabeth Westlake as the University’s Responsible Research Assessment Officer, to support the delivery of the DORA action plan and facilitate the use of responsible research metrics at the University.
- Ensured we have a clear statement of commitment to responsible and fair approaches to research assessment via this website.
- Conducted an initial review and update of HR documentation prior to fully reviewing and revising processes as part of the Birmingham Academic Career Framework Programme during 2020/21.
- Prepared an action plan outlining tasks to raise awareness and promote compliance with our strategy to be undertaken over the next year and assigned clear responsibilities.
- Developed an approach to piloting the monitoring of progress towards delivering our key goals and action plan.
Our work programme, to be carried out during the 2020/21 academic year, will cover:
- Updating our recruitment, promotion and career-progression policies and practices as required to reflect our principles as articulated above; this will be undertaken as part of the Birmingham Academic Career Framework Programme of work and will include clear guidance on appropriate language to use in relation to job adverts and other relevant documents.
- Developing appropriate guidance for staff involved in the above processes to ensure that they understand our principles and abide by them.
- Developing appropriate guidance for applicants/candidates that explains our principles and encourages them to provide as full a range as possible of types of research outputs and contributions to the research environment/ecosystems in addition to conventional publications.
- The development in early 2021 of a communication plan to support the culture change needed to embed these principles in our working practices at UoB.
We will do this by:
- Informing and discussing our responsible research assessment principles and plans with academic colleagues through a variety of routes such as focus groups, established College mechanisms (College and School Research Committees), our early career networks and the like and taking other opportunities as they arise to ensure our policy in this area is understood.
- Working collaboratively with colleagues across the sector to learn from best practice elsewhere
We recognise that this will constitute significant culture change and that culture change takes time. We will therefore review progress on a regular basis and refine our plans and approaches as appropriate. This statement will therefore evolve as these plans and approaches evolve and as our discussions as a University community develop.