The module applies ecological theory to focus on the issues around global and local biodiversity and its management. The module covers major theoretical concepts including conservation theory, the importance of small populations and ‘measuring’ biodiversity. These will be discussed in the context of practical conservation. The concept of conservation and the how prioritisation is undertaken will be introduced and these will be considered within the framework of legislation. The module will use a variety of current issues and case studies from the terrestrial, aquatic and marine environments to illustrate key ecological concepts within the context of conservation.