Understanding the fiscal and regulatory mechanisms necessary to achieve CCD in the coastal zone (iCoast) (2012- 2014)


Professor Mark Huxham and Dr Ingvild Harkes, Edinburgh Napier University, Dr Fiona Nunan, University of Birmingham, Lesley King and Benoît Rivard, LTS International, Dr James Kairo and Caroline Wanjiru, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI), and Professor Jayatissa Loku Pulukkuttige, Ruhuna University in Sri Lanka, in collaboration with Ecometrica and the Environment Management Group


Climate & Development Knowledge Network (CDKN)

Project aims

iCoast is investigating how to make climate compatible development (CCD) happen in coastal areas through different types, and combinations of, mechanisms. CCD refers to development that minimises the harm caused by climate change and that anticipates and maximises the benefits that could arise from a low-carbon future.

The iCoast project will contribute to the debate about how to make CCD happen by investigating the potential for CCD in coastal areas, with fieldwork in Kenya and Sri Lanka. Lessons learnt will apply to planning for CCD in many coastal areas but will also, we hope, be of interest beyond the coastal setting, contributing to a more nuanced understanding of how CCD might be realised and what it might look like.

In recognising that achieving CCD will be challenging and that it may be difficult to know when exactly CCD has been achieved or what it might look like, the research aims to:

  • Set out what CCD might look like, within selected sectors and geographical areas, in coastal zones.
  • Identify the circumstances within which CCD has greater potential within a sector.
  • Identify the mechanisms that could be employed to enable a shift in planning towards greater CCD.
  • Estimate the scale, nature and distribution of costs and benefits associated with CCD compared with Business as Usual (BAU) and being reached with different packages of mechanisms.


Making Climate Compatible Development happen in Coastal Areas, iCoast Research Brief No.1, October 2013.