Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development

School: School of Government
International Development Department

Modular value: 20 credits

Module convenors: Martin Ottmann and Danielle Beswick

Once civil wars end, the affected countries face the challenges of post-conflict reconstruction and development. While some countries manage to remain peaceful and experience sustainable economic recovery, others are caught in the conflict trap and experience recurrent civil war. The reasons for this are manifold. Political order after war varies considerably and political elites are often incentivised to continually exclude and marginalise segments of the post-conflict society. The fate of armed groups and demobilized fighters and the roles and perceptions of ordinary citizens also determines whether a post-conflict country moves towards peace or renewed violence.

This module introduces you to key actors in post-conflict countries as well as patterns and dynamics of post-conflict reconstruction. Exploring the role of political elites, armed groups, former fighters, citizens, and the international community, the module outlines opportunities and constraints in achieving peace, economic recovery, and societal reconciliation. Recognising the importance of context, the module will present a range of case studies, and will support you to apply the different frameworks explored in the module to your own geographical areas of interest.

Learning outcomes

By the end of the module, you should be able to:

  • Describe, interpret and explain patterns of conflict and post-conflict reconstruction.
  • Critically analyse, compare and contrast competing roles of actors involved in violence and conflict.
  • Examine in-depth the linkages between conflict, security and development and design strategies for post-conflict reconstruction.
  • Critically analyse and explain the interaction between exclusion, governance, poverty, and violence.
  • Evaluate critically a range of theoretical frameworks relating international relations, security and development.


One 3,000 word assignments (60%) and one 1,500 word assignment (40%).

Related courses:

The optional modules listed on the website for this programme may unfortunately occasionally be subject to change. Where the module is no longer available we will let you know as soon as we can and help you make other choices.