Identity, Inequality and Inclusive Development

Why is the experience of development often unequal? Who is excluded from development processes?

This module examines the barriers to inclusive development in contemporary societies. It critically applies key theoretical lenses to a range of identity-based exclusions, such as based on gender, ethnicity and disability, and examine the effects of this on both individual and collective development outcomes.

The first part of the module examines how power, politics and norms re-produce forms of exclusion. In the second part, we evaluate different approaches to tackling the challenge of inclusion in development practice. The strengths and limitations of different interventions from by civil society, NGOs, government and development agencies are critically assessed.

Weekly lectures are complemented by seminars, giving you the opportunity to analyse the causes and consequences of exclusion and debate the merits and prospects of pursuing a more inclusive development agenda.

Learning outcomes

At the end of this module you should be able to:

  • Summarise the evidence on the scale and complexity of the barriers to inclusive development.
  • Explain the links between identity, exclusion and development outcomes at the individual and collective level.
  • Analyse the role of norms, ideologies and interests in justifying and maintaining inequality and exclusion.
  • Evaluate the strengths and limitations of a range of approaches to tackling exclusion in development practice.


  • One 1,000 word written assignment (25%)
  • One 3,000 word written assignment (75%)