Gendering reconciliation aims to contribute to the theory and practice of gendered post-conflict reconciliation, based on a localised, historical and comparative analysis of how DDR processes address (post) conflict gender roles and the socio-economic aspects of reintegration and the building of social trust. The overarching research question is: how can DDR processes contribute to more gender-equal reconciliation?
Specifically, the project addresses three key research questions:
1. How do DDR processes engage with ex-combatants’ gendered experiences in relation to gender roles in the host communities to increase gender equality?
2. What are the social and economic conditions and practices that foster the building of social trust between ex-combatants, host communities and the state?
3. How do DDR processes address the complex and gendered victim-perpetrator identities of ex-combatants and transform social perceptions regarding these?
The main focus of this project will be Colombia. Colombia’s 2016 peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) ended a decades-long armed conflict. Successful reintegration and restoration of trust are vital to a country plagued by decades of conflict, where high levels of criminal and gender-based violence persist despite previous DDR processes.
The project will study on-going and previous DDR processes in Colombia through surveys, ethnographic and participatory visual research. Comparing the Colombian experience with previous DDR processes in Guatemala and Nepal, ‘Gendering reconciliation’ will contribute to academic theory and provide international policy recommendations.
Download Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR): lessons from Guatemala