The broad title I was given to work with was ‘The History of the Metals Industry in Birmingham and the Black Country c.1700 to c.1850’. From there I have begun to narrow down my research to the rise and significance of the Birmingham brass industry. Despite being one of the most important industries regionally, and nationally, it has received very little academic study. Its uses were wide ranging: from the decoration of ornate buttons during the restoration of Charles II, to the making of chains in the slave trade and the sheathing of ships for many of the most powerful European navies. The rise of the Brass Industry was extraordinary and had far reaching social influences. This study aims to explore the complicated relationship between the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution through the ingenious savants and skilled fabricants of the Birmingham brass industry.