Annalies Muscat

Annalies Muscat

Birmingham Law School
Doctoral researcher

Contact details

Title of thesis: The treatment of dominant undertakings in EU competition law: time for a new approach?

Supervisors: Professor Anthony Arnull 


  • Bachelor of Laws (LLB) with European Studies – University of Malta
  • Doctor of Laws (LLD) - University of Malta
  • Master of Law with a specialisation in Commercial Law (LLM) - University of Cambridge
  • Warrant to exercise the profession of advocate in Malta


Annalies Muscat obtained the Bachelor of Laws (LLB) in 2007 and the Doctor of Laws (LLD) in 2010, both from the University of Malta.  From 2008 to 2010 she was a legal intern with a commercial law firm in Malta.  In 2010 she was also a research assistant within the Department of Public Laws at the University of Malta.  Annalies continued her studies at the University of Cambridge, where she was awarded the Master of Law (LLM) degree in 2011 with a First Class classification.  The same year she was also admitted to the Maltese bar. 

After completing her studies, Annalies joined Mamo TCV Advocates in September 2011 as an associate, where she practices commercial law, in particular competition law.  Annalies was promoted to senior associate in January 2016.  She is also a casual lecturer (teaching associate) at the Faculty of Laws within the University of Malta, where she lectures in competition and consumer law.

Doctoral research

PhD title
The treatment of dominant undertakings in EU competition law: time for a new approach?
Professor Anthony Arnull
Law PhD / PhD by Distance Learning / MPhil / MJur


The aim of my research is to analyse whether the treatment of dominant undertakings under EU competition law, specifically in small markets, needs to be re-examined, and in particular whether the interpretation and application of Article 102 TFEU needs to be re-evaluated because it is prohibiting pro-competitive conduct.  In order to determine how the competition rules contained in the TFEU apply to small geographic markets and specifically to small Member States, particular attention is given to the application of the EU competition rules in Malta, which is used as a case study.

Other activities

  • Speaker at conference organized by the Chamber of Advocates, Malta and the Department of Commercial Law, University of Malta on ‘Recent Developments and Challenges in Consumer Law and Consumer Protection in Malta and the EU’.  Title: ‘The Consumer Rights Regulations: something old, something new’ (6 February 2015)
  • Speaker at the Annual Consumer Law and Policy Conference, Valletta, Malta (March 2016, March 2017, March 2018)

Web profiles:


  • Annalies Azzopardi ‘No abuse is an island: the case of margin squeeze’ (2017) 13 (2-3) European Competition Journal 228
  • Annalies Azzopardi ‘Dominant position – a term in search of meaning’ (2015) 8 Global Antirust Review 6
  • Annalies Azzopardi ‘The doctrine of ancillary restraints: theory and practical use’ (2016) XXVI Id-Dritt 43
  • Annalies Azzopardi ‘The complainant’s right of access to the file in competition proceedings’ (2015) GħSL Online Law Journal < > accessed 15 March 2019
  •  Annalies Azzopardi ‘Current Developments in Member States - Malta’ (2013) 9(3) European Competition Journal 797
  • Annalies Azzopardi, ‘Malta – Application Number 1/2011 The Honourable Joe Mizzi vs Enemalta Corporation and Water Services Corporation 21 March 2012, Competition and Consumer Appeals Tribunal (The Role of the Office for Competition)’ (2013) 5 Global Antitrust Review 189
  • Annalies Azzopardi, ‘The Contribution of EU Directives to the Objective of Consumer Protection’ (2012) II ELSA Malta Law Review 40
  • Annalies Azzopardi, ‘Defining the consumer in order to protect him – the continuous duel between the notion of “consumer” in EU directives and in the Court of Justice’s free movement decisions’  (2012) XXII Id-Dritt 137


  • Annalies Muscat and Laura Spiteri ‘Malta’ in G Goeteyn, M Readings and E Aliende Rodriguez (eds) The International Comparative Legal Guide to Cartels & Leniency 2019 (International Comparative Legal Guides, 2018)
  • Richard Camilleri and Annalies Azzopardi, ‘Malta’ in  Cartels: enforcement appeals and damages actions (Global Legal Insights 2017)
  • Annalies Azzopardi, ‘Malta’ in Christine Varney (ed) The Cartels and Leniency Review (The Law Reviews, 2014)
  • David Tonna, Richard Camilleri and Annalies Azzopardi, ‘Malta’ in Bernardine Adkins and Sam Beighton (eds) Private Antitrust Litigation: Jurisdictional Comparisons (European Lawyer 2012)

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