Tolulope O Taiwo

Birmingham Law School
Doctoral researcher

Contact details


  • LLB (Coventry University)
  • LLM General (University of Birmingham)


I began my legal studies at Coventry University, graduating with an LLB 1st Class Honours. I proceeded to study an LLM at the University of Birmingham and graduated with Distinction. I am currently a CAL scholar, in the second year of my PhD at the University of Birmingham.

Doctoral research

PhD title
Contractual mechanisms for dealing with risks and uncertainties in international oil and gas agreements.
Professor Nelson Enonchong and Dr Catherine Mitchell
Law PhD / PhD by Distance Learning / MPhil / MJur


My thesis focuses on how contractual clauses can be used to mitigate uncertainties in international oil and gas agreements. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first explores the nature of risks in the relationship between host states and international oil companies (IOCs). The second analyses risks and uncertainties in collaborative endeavours between international oil companies. The research concentrates on assessing the effectiveness of seven of the most commonly used contractual clauses, some of which include the stabilisation and renegotiation clauses. My research addresses questions such as:

  • How do political regimes influence the choice of contractual clauses IOCs use to mitigate political risks?
  • Can the renegotiation clause be used to promote stability and certainty in international oil and gas agreements?