Carol Gray

Carol Gray

Birmingham Law School
Doctoral researcher

Contact details


  • BVMS (Glasgow)
  • PGCert Med Ed (Dundee)
  • MA (Keele)


After qualifying as a veterinary surgeon, I spent 15 years in clinical practice. I then moved into academia, lecturing at Liverpool vet school for 13 years. I completed a part-time Masters in Medical Ethics and Law while at Liverpool, and decided to develop my dissertation topic on informed consent into a full-time doctorate.

Doctoral research

PhD title
Why should we require informed consent for veterinary treatment of animals?
Professor Robert Lee
Law PhD / PhD by Distance Learning / MPhil / MJur


I am investigating informed consent to veterinary treatment . There are obvious differences between consent to medical treatment of human patients, and the consent obtained for their animal equivalents.

The requirement for informed consent to veterinary treatment can seem excessive in light of these differences, i.e., that the patient cannot consent, and is not human, however there are powerful arguments that support the requirement for consent in this context. I am investigating the protocols for consent used in veterinary practices, and how these protect the interests of those involved.

 Co-supervisors: Professor Marie Fox (University of Liverpool), Pru Hobson-West (University of Nottingham)

Other activities

  • Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • Member of the British Veterinary Association
  • Member of the RCVS Ethics Review Panel