Professor Emma Kendrick BSc, MSc, PhD, CChem, FIMMM, FRSC

Professor Emma Kendrick

School of Metallurgy and Materials
Chair of Energy Materials

Contact details

Address
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TT
UK

Emma Kendrick is Professor of Energy Materials.

Professor Kendrick has worked in industry and academic extensively on energy materials and devices; batteries and fuel cells, and has 70 papers and 21 patent family applications in this field. Her recent book chapter on Advanced Battery manufacturing is being published by the RSC.

Her research over the last 20 years has focused on translation of novel functional materials to industry relevant device demonstrators, new battery materials and chemistries to cell demonstrators.

Her enthusiasm for new technology development, mainly batteries, extends to the industrial and academic fields. She has been on many EPSRC industry advisory boards, and is currently functional material specialist on the physical science SAT for EPSRC, Committee member for the Energy Group at IoM3 and the Materials Division Council at the Royal Society of Chemistry.

Emma is also the group lead for the Energy Materials Group now at the University of Birmingham.

Qualifications

  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016
  • Fellow of the Insitution of Minerals, Mining and Materials (IOM3), 2016
  • Chartered Chemist, 2009
  • PhD in Ceramic Pigments, Keele University/CERAM 2001
  • MSc in New Materials, University of Aberdeen, 1998
  • BSc in Chemistry, University of Manchester, 1997

Biography

Faraday Battery Challenge award winners - iConNIChem & WMG

Professor Kendrick was previously a Reader in Electrochemical Energy Materials within the Energy Innovation Centre (EIC) at WMG. She has 10 years of industrial research experience in new battery technology development, latterly as Chief Technologist in Energy Storage at SHARP Laboratories of Europe Ltd (SLE) and prior to that for two highly innovative SME’s, Fife Batteries Ltd and Surion Energy Ltd.

Before industry, Professor Kendrick undertook a 3 year postgraduate fellowship at the University of Surrey, under Professor Slater and Islam looking at structure property relationships for solid ionic conductors for fuel cells, and prior to that a 3 year postgraduate fellowship at Loughborough University looking at synthesis of ultramarine blue materials.

Her underlying experience in academia and industry is in new technology showcasing. Performing research in to new functional materials, and understanding the manufacturing issues, manufacturability within a device, the component interactions, process ability and device performance.

Research

The main research interests are in novel battery technologies and proof of concept device manufacturing. Here, she has several projects in Sodium ion batteries, solid state batteries and developing next generation lithium ion batteries.

Professor Kendrick also has an interest in the reuse and manufacture from existing battery technologies and us part of the recycling projects within the University of Birmingham and further afield.

Publications

  • Multiscale Tomographic Analysis of the Thermal Failure of Na-Ion Batteries, James Robinson, Thomas M Heenan; Rhodri Jervis, Chun Tan; Emma Kendrick, Dan J Brett, Journal of Power Sources Submitted, Jun 2018 
  • The re-emergence of sodium ion batteries: testing, processing, and manufacturability. S Roberts, E Kendrick, Nanotechnology, Science and Applications,  Nanotechnology, Science and Applications, 1 June 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 23—33, https://doi.org/10.2147/NSA.S146365 
  • High Power Sodium-Ion Batteries and Hybrid Electrochemical Capacitors Using Mo or Nb-Doped Nano-Titania Anodes, Dustin Bauer, Alexander Roberts, Sai Gourang Patnaik, Dan Brett, Paul Shearing, Emma Kendrick, Noriyoshi Matsumi. Jawwad Darr Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 165 (9) A1-A9 (2018). 
  • Investigation into the dehydration of selenate doped Na2M(SO4)2·2H2O (M = Mn, Fe, Co and Ni): Stabilisation of the high Na content alluaudite phases Na3M1.5(SO4)3-1.5x(SeO4)1.5x (M = Mn, Co and Ni) through selenate incorporation, L.L. Driscoll, E. Kendrick, K.S. Knight, A.J. Wright, P.R. Slater, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 258, 2018, Pages 64-71,  
  • Microstructural Analysis of the Effects of Thermal Runaway on Li-Ion and Na-Ion Battery Electrodes. James B. Robinson, Donal P. Finegan, Thomas M. M. Heenan, Katherine Smith, Emma Kendrick, Daniel J. L. Brett and Paul R. Shearing. ASME. J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor. 15(1), 2018. doi:10.1115/1.4038518.   
  • Novel High Energy Density Sodium Layered Oxide Cathode Materials: from Material to Cells, Katherine Smith, Joshua Treacher, Daniela Ledwoch, Paul Adamson, and Emma Kendrick, ECS Trans. 2017 75(22): 13-24; doi:10.1149/07522.0013ecst  
  • Investigation of the Sodiation and Desodiation of Hard Carbon by Electrochemical Testing and X-Ray Computed Tomography,  Daniela Ledwoch, Daniel J.L. Brett, Paul R. Shearing and Emma Kendrick doi: 10.1149/07552.0081ecst., ECS Trans. 2017 volume 75, issue 52, 81-90 
  • Investigation into the effect on structure of oxoanion doping in Na 2 M (SO 4) 2· 2H 2 O, LL Driscoll, E Kendrick, AJ Wright, PR Slater, Journal of Solid State Chemistry 242, 103-111 (2016) 
  • The Performance of Hard Carbon in a Sodium Ion Battery and Influence of the Sodium Metal in Observed Properties. D Ledwoch, DJL Brett, E Kendrick, ECS Transactions 72 (33), 17-22 (2016) 
  • Na2CoSiO4 as a cathode material for sodium-ion batteries: structure, electrochemistry and diffusion pathways. JC Treacher, SM Wood, MS Islam, E Kendrick, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016,18, 32744-32752. DOI/10.1039/C6CP06777H 
  • Sodium-ion diffusion and voltage trends in the phosphates Na4M3(PO4)2P2O7 (M= Fe, Mn, Co, Ni) for possible high rate cathodes, S Wood, C Eames, E Kendrick and M.S. Islam, J, Phys Chem C., 119, 15935-15941, 2015, [Journal Link
  • Effect of Ga incorporation on the structure and Li ion conductivity of La3Zr2Li7O12, M.A. Howard, O. Clemens, E Kendrick, K.S. Knight, D.C. Apperley, P.A. Anderson, P.R. Slater, Dalton Trans. 41 (39) 12048-12053 (2012) doi:10.1039/c2dt31318a 
  • The rate characteristics of lithium iron disulfide, E. Kendrick, J. Barker, A. Swiatek, IMLB2010, J. Power Sources, doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.158, Volume 196, Issue 16, 15 August 2011, Pages 6929–6933 
  • The electrochemical insertion and safety properties of the low-cost lithium ion active material Li2FeS2, J. Barker, E Kendrick, J. Power Sources, doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.051, iVolume 196, Issue 16, 15 August 2011, Pages 6960–6963 
  • Apatite germanates doped with tungsten: synthesis, structure, and conductivity, A. Orera, T. Baikie, E. Kendrick, J. F. Shin, S. Pramana, R. Smith, T. J. White, M. L. Sanjuán and P. R. Slater, Dalton Trans., 2011, 40, 3903-3908, DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00690D, 
  • Crystal chemistry and optimization of conductivity in 2A, 2M and 2H alkaline earth lanthanum germanate oxyapatite electrolyte polytypes, Solid State Ionics (accepted) 2010, Stevin S. Pramana, Tom Baikie, Emma Kendrick, Martin K. Schreyer, Peter R. Slater and T. J. White, Solid State Ionics, Volume 181, Issues 25-26, 26 August 2010, Pages 1189-1196, doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2010.06.044 
  • Novel aspects of the conduction mechanisms of electrolytes containing tetrahedral moieties, E Kendrick, M.S.Islam, P. Slater, Fuel Cells Special Issues, accepted 2010. Volume 11, Issue 1, pages 38–43, February, 2011, DOI: 10.1002/fuce.201000044 
  • Strategies for the optimization of the oxide ion conductivities of Apatite-type germanates, A. Orera, T. Baikie, P. Panchmatia, T.J. White, J. Hanna, M.E. Smith, M.S. Islam, E. Kendrick, P.R. Slater. Fuel cells special issue. , Volume 11, Issue 1, pages 10–16, February, 2011, DOI: 10.1002/fuce.201000020 
  • Protonic Defects and Water Incorporation in Si and Ge-Based Apatite Ionic Conductors,   P. M. Panchmatia, A. Orera, E. Kendrick, J. V. Hanna, M. E. Smith, P. R. Slater and M. S. Islam J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 2766-2772. DOI: 10.1039/b924220a 
  • Raman spectroscopy studies of apatite-type germanate oxide ion conductors: correlation with interstitial oxide ion location and conduction, A. Orera, M. L. Sanjuan, E. Kendrick, V. M. Orera and P. R. Slater J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 2170 - 2175, DOI: 10.1039/b922834a  
  • Polysomatic apatites, T. Baikie, S. S. Pramana, C. Ferraris, Y. Huang, E. Kendrick, K. Knight, Z. Ahmad and T. J. White, Acta Cryst. (2010). B66, 1-16   doi:10.1107/S0108768109053981 
  • Neutron diffraction structural study of the apatite-type oxide ion conductor, La8Y2Ge6O27: location of the interstitial oxide ion site, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 7955 - 7958, DOI: 10.1039/b911404a 
  • Ambi-site substitution of Mn in Lanthanum Germanate Apatites, E Kendrick, K.S. Knight, P.R.Slater, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 44, Issue 8, 5 August 2009, Pages 1806-1809 (2009) 
  • Cation ordering in Li containing garnets: Synthesis and structural characterisation of the tetragonal system, Li7La3Sn2O12 J. Percival, E. Kendrick, R.I. Smith, P.R. Slater, 2009, 5177 - 5181, DOI: 10.1039/b907331k  
  • An investigation of the high temperature reaction between the apatite oxide ion conductor La9.33Si6O26 and NH3, E .Kendrick, D. Headspith, A. Orera, D.C. Apperley, R.I. Smith, M.G. Francesconi and P. R. Slater, J. Mater. Chem., (2009), 19, 749 - 754, DOI: 10.1039/b808215d 
  • Understanding fast ion conduction in solids: synergy between modelling and experiment, Peter Slater and Emma Kendrick, Chemistry papers, (2009), http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/chemistry/52 
  • Synthesis and Characterisation of Iron Tungstate Anode Materials, Emma Kendrick, Jerry Barker, Agata Swiatek, J. Power Sources, 189 (2009), pp. 611-615 DOI information: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.09.103 
  • Effect of oxygen content on the 29Si NMR, Raman spectra and oxide ion conductivity of the apatite series, La8+xSr2−x(SiO4)6O2+x/2, A. Orera, E. Kendrick, D. C. Apperley, V. M. Orera, P. R. Slater, Dalton Trans., 5296-5301, 2008, DOI: 10.1039/b809062a 
  • Dalton Trans., 2008, 5249. DOI: 10.1039/b816238g (front cover) 
  • Synthesis and characterisation of the garnet-related Li ion conductor Li5Nd3Sb2O12, J. Percival, E Kendrick, P. R. Slater, Mater. Res. Bull. 43, 765-770, 2008. 
  • Synthesis and conductivities of the garnet-related Li ion conductors, Li5Ln3Sb2O12 (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu) J. Percival, E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater, Solid State Ionics, 179, 1666-1669, 2008  
  • Investigation of the influence of oxygen content on the conductivities of Ba doped lanthanum germanium apatites, E. Kendrick, P. R. Slater, Solid State Ionics,179, 819-822, 2008. 
  • Synthesis of Ga-doped Ge-based apatites: Effect of dopant and cell symmetry on oxide ion conductivity, E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater, Mater. Res. Bull. 43, 12, 3627-363, 2008, 
  • A computational study of oxide ion migration and water incorporation in the cuspidine system, La4(Ti2O8)O2, E. Kendrick, M. Russ, P. R. Slater, Solid State Ionics, 179, 819-822, 2008 
  • Atomic-scale mechanistic features of oxide ion conduction in apatite-type germanates,  
  • Emma Kendrick, M. Saiful Islam and Peter R. Slater, Chem. Commun. 715-717,  2008.  
  • Synthesis of hexagonal  lanthanum germanate apatites through site selective isovalent doping with yttrium, E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater, Mater. Res. Bull.  43, 2509-2513, 2008. 
  • Developing apatites for solid oxide fuel cells: insight into structural, transport and doping properties, Emma Kendrick, M. Saiful Islam and Peter R. Slater, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 3104, 2007 
  • Cooperative mechanisms of fast-ion conduction in gallium-based oxides with tetrahedral moieties; E. Kendrick, J. Kendrick, K.S. Knight, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater, Nature Materials, 6, 871 – 875, 2007.  
  • Structural Studies of the proton conducting perovskite “La0.6Ba0.4ScO2.8”; E. Kendrick, K.S. Knight, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater; Solid State Ionics 178, 943-949, 2007. 
  • Investigation of the structural changes on Zn doping in the apatite-type oxide ion conductor La9.33Si6O26: a combined neutron diffraction and atomistic simulation study; E. Kendrick, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater; Solid State Ionics 177, 3411-3416, 2007.  
  • Structure and colour properties in the Egyptian Blue Family, M1−xM′xCuSi4O10, as a function of M, M′ where M, M′ = Ca, Sr and Ba. Dyes and Pigments, 73, 13-18, 2007.  
  • Neutron diffraction and atomistic modelling studies of Mg doped apatite-type oxide ion conductors; E. Kendrick, J.R.Tolchard, J.E.H. Sansom, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater, Faraday Discussions 134, 181-194, 2007.  
  • A comparison of the effect of rare earth vs Si site doping on the conductivities of apatite-type rare earth silicates; J.E.H. Sansom, E. Kendrick, J.R. Tolchard, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater, J. Solid State Electrochem. 10, 562-568, 2006. 
  • Front coverJ. Mater. Chem., 16, 1393, 2006 DOI: 10.1039/b604121n 
  • Synthesis and characterisation of the perovskite-related cuprate phases YSr2Cu2MO7+y (M=Co, Fe) for potential use as solid oxide fuel cell cathode materials; J.E.H. Sansom, E. Kendrick, H.A. Rudge-Pickard, M.S. Islam, A.J. Wright, and P.R. Slater; J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2321-2327, 2005. 
  • Investigation of proton conduction in the tetragonal tungsten bronze niobates:   A0.6(M,Nb)O3 (A =Sr, Ba; M=Mg, Ti); E. Kendrick, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater; Solid State Ionics 176, 2975-2978, 2005. 
  • Investigation of proton conduction in La1-xBa1+xGaO4-x/2 and La1-xSr2+xGaO5-x/2; F. Schönberger, E. Kendrick, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater; Solid State Ionics 176, 2951-2953, 2005.   
  • Synthesis and electrical characterisation of proton conducting gallates, E. Kendrick, M.S. Islam, P. Slater, Proceeding of the electrochemical society; SOFC IX, Vol 1, 1142-1149, 2005. 
  • The effect of different precursors on the synthesis of ultramarine blue using a modified test furnace, E. Kendrick, S.E. Dann, K. Hellgardt, Studies in science and Catalysis 154, 3059-3066, A-C, 2004. 
  • Synthesis, properties and structure of ion exchanged hydrosodalite, E. Kendrick, S.E. Dann, J. Solid State Chem. 177 (4-5) 1513-1519, 2004Erratum to “Synthesis, properties and structure of ion exchanged hydrosodalite”[J. Solid State Chem. 177 (2004)1513–1519]J. Solid State Chem, 178, 2176 2005 
  • Comparison of ion exchanged hydrosodalite synthesised by different routes, E. Kendrick, R. Morris, S.E. Dann, Solid State Phenomena 90-91, 57-62, 2003. 

Reviewed Conference Papers 

  • Investigation of proton conduction in novel gallates; E. Kendrick, M.S. Islam, P.R. Slater;  Proc 7th Euro SOFC Forum P0501, 1-9, 2006. 
  • Development of Apatite-based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells; P.R. Slater, J.E.H. Sansom, E. Kendrick, A. Scullard, C. Olsen, M.S. Islam, P.A. Sermon; Proc 7th Euro SOFC Forum B051, 1-12, 2006. 

Invited Reviews

  • Royal Society of Chemistry Review: Lithium ion batteries and solid oxide fuels cells (review of 2012 literature)  ); E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater; Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect. A, 2013, 109,  
  • Royal Society of Chemistry Review: Lithium ion batteries and solid oxide fuels cells (review of 2011 literature)  ); E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater;  Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect. A, 2012, 108, DOI: 10.1039/C1IC90010B 
  • Royal Society of Chemistry Review: Conducting solids, covering ionic and electronic conductors (review of the 2010 literature); E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater;  Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect. A, 2011, 107,  DOI: 10.1039/C1IC90010B 
  • Royal Society of Chemistry Review: Conducting solids, covering ionic and electronic conductors (review of the 2009 literature); E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater; Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect. A: Inorg. Chem. 2010, 106, DOI: 10.1039/B920662K 
  • Royal Society of Chemistry Review: Conducting solids, covering ionic and electronic conductors (review of the 2008 literature); E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater; Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect. A: Inorg. Chem. , 2009, 105, 436 - 459, DOI: 10.1039/b818291b. 
  • Royal Society of Chemistry Review: Conducting solids, covering ionic and electronic conductors (review of the 2007 literature); E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater; Annual Reports Section "A" (Inorganic Chemistry), 104, 414-433, 2008. 
  • Conducting solids, covering ionic and electronic conductors (review of the 2006 literature); E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater; Annual Reports Section "A" (Inorganic Chemistry), 103, 428, 2007. 
  • Conducting solids, covering ionic and electronic conductors (review of the 2005 literature); E.Kendrick and P.R. Slater; Annual Reports Section "A" (Inorganic Chemistry), 102,482, 2006.   
  • Fuel Cells: Powering the future; E. Kendrick and P.R. Slater; UK Power  Issue 2, 56-57, 2005. 

Patent Applications

  • 16012 E Kendrick, K Smith. U.S. Application No. 15/613,534 Filing Date: June 5, 2017, COATED METAL ION BATTERY MATERIALS 
  • 16016, E Kendrick, K Smith, Improved Hydrophobicity of Composite Electrode filed April 2017. 
  • 16017, D Ledwoch, E Kendrick, P Adamson. COMPOSITE ELECTRODE INCLUDING MICROPOROUS IONICALLY CONDUCTING MATERIAL, COMPOSITE SLURRY, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, filed 31st March 2017  
  • 16006, P Adamson, E Kendrick CARBON-METAL/ALLOY COMPOSITE MATERIAL, SYNTHESIS METHOD, AND ELECTRODE INCLUDING SAME, WO2017221882 (A1), Filing Date: June 22, 2016, 
  • 16005, P Adamson, E Kendrick, POROUS CARBON-METAL/ALLOY COMPOSITE MATERIAL,SYNTHESIS METHOD, AND ELECTRODE INCLUDING SAME, WO2017221779 (A1), Filing Date: June 22, 2016,  
  • 15020, Metal-ion rechargeable cell or battery E Kendrick, K Smith, WO2017073075 (A1), 30th October 2015  
  • 15018, Method of passive voltage control in a sodium-ion battery, E Kendrick, K Smith, J Treacher, WO2017073056 (A1), 30th October 2015 
  • 15018, Metal ion battery current collector, E Kendrick, K Smith, J Barker, R Heap, WO2017073067 (A1), 30th October 2015 
  • 15017, Formation Method for Sodium Ion Cell or Battery, E Kendrick, K Smith, J Treacher, Filed GB 1519235.4, 30th October 2015 
  • 15001, High Energy Density Metal Ion Cathode , E Kendrick, WO2017073058 (A1), 30th October 2015 
  • 15012, TIN-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS, E Kendrick, R Gruar, WO2017017943 (A1). 24th July 2015 
  • TIN-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS, E Kendrick, R Gruar, US2017092947 (A1), priority date - 2014-05-22 
  • 14016, Sodium transition metal oxide compounds for Na-ion batteries, E Kendrick, K Smith, R Gruar, WO2017017944 (A1), 24th of July 2015 
  • 15003, LAYERED OXIDE MATERIALS FOR BATTERIES , R Gruar, E Kendrick, Filed, US2017025678 (A1), 21st July 2015, Granted - US9660263 (B2) 
  • 15002, SODIUM TRANSITION METAL SILICATE AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME, E Kendrick, J Treacher, US2016365578 (A1), 12th June 2015 
  • 14014 Layered oxide compositions, E Kendrick R Gruar, U WO2016103693 (A1) 2016-06-30 , 23rd Dec 2014 (Granted US9660263 (B2)) 
  • 14011 LAYERED OXIDE MATERIALS FOR BATTERIES, E Kendrick, R Gruar, WO2016103649 (A1), 2016-06-30, 23rd Dec 2014 (Granted US) 
  • 13009 Transition metal silicates, Inventors, E Kendrick, J Treacher, J Barker, WO2015177567 (A1) 22nd May 2014, 
  • 13013 Sn containing Sodium transition metal oxides, E Kendrick R Gruar, GB1409142.5, PCT/GB2015/051515,, 22nd May 2014, (granted GB201409142D0) 
  •  Lithium-containing transition metal compounds, E. Kendrick, J. Barker, UK application 0818758.5 filing date is the 14th October 2008 1005/7 –002 GB filed 8th October 2008, PCT/GB2009/051311 
  • Lithium-containing transition metal compounds II, E. Kendrick, J. Barker, 18th April 2009, PCT/GB2009/051314 (granted GB0818758D0) 
  • PREPARATION OF LITHIUM SULFIDE, E Kendrick, J. Barker, PCT/GB2009/051313, 06.10.2009 (granted US8377411B2) 
  • LITHIUM CONTAINING TRANSITION METAL SULFIDE COMPOUNDS, E Kendrick, J. Barker, PCT/GB2009/051312, 06.10.2009 (Granted; GB2464455B)